New publication: Experimental evidence for ovarian hypofunction in sparrow hybrids

Fabrice EroukhmanoffMelissah Rowe, Emily R. A. Cramer, Fredrik Haas, Jo S. HermansenAnna Runemark, Arild Johnsen and Glenn-Peter Sætre in Avian Research. Open Access.

Abstract

Background

Postzygotic isolation in the form of reduced viability and/or fertility of hybrids may help maintain species boundaries in the face of interspecific gene flow. Past hybridization events between house sparrows (Passer domesticus) and Spanish sparrows (P. hispaniolensis) have given rise to a homoploid hybrid species, the Italian sparrow (P. italiae). Although genetic incompatibilities are known to isolate these three species, the biological consequences of these incompatibilities are still unknown in early generation hybrids.

Methods

We investigated whether F1 hybrids between house and Spanish sparrows experience reduced viability or fertility. More specifically, we generated hybrids through controlled crosses in aviaries, and compared ovaries of female hybrids with female of pure-species sparrows.

Results

We found that overall, hybrid ovaries were underdeveloped and that half of all female hybrids exhibited symptoms of ovarian hypofunction (ovarian atrophy and complete absence of developed follicles).

Conclusions

Fertility in hybrids is a common consequence or post-zygotic barriers between species. We discuss these results in light of previous findings on genetic incompatibilities between the parent species and the potential role of incompatibilities in hybrid speciation, a rare evolutionary process in birds.

Vol. 7:3
Published: 24 February 2016
 

Tags: Avian Research;
Published Mar. 15, 2016 3:32 PM - Last modified Mar. 15, 2016 4:03 PM