Conducting Oxides and Nanostructures for Energy Technology (CONE) (completed)
Access to clean and sufficient energy represents probably the largest challenge of this century. The evident threat of global warming along with depletion of traditional energy sources, calls for new solutions with respect to sustainable energy supply, in small and large scales. This challenge is realized world-wide and it is also agreed upon that research on functional materials and nanostructures holds a key to solutions.
About the project
Conducting oxides and nanostructures are widely recognized as key elements for future environmentally-friendly energy technology with obvious applications in photovoltaics (solar cells), solid-state lighting, fuel cells, accumulators and batteries. The present project is focused on three central and challenging themes:
- fundamental properties of defects and impurities in conducting oxides
- transparent conducting oxides for photovoltaics
- nanostructures for energy technology
The main objective of this project is twofold:
- provide a robust research environment at UiO/SMN with long-term focus on three specific themes of generic importance for promoting future energy technology with basis in materials and nanoscience
- strengthen the interaction with technology partners in order to enhance focus on fundamental issues and materials challenges with likely impact on energy technology and which constitute a true basis for innovations
The three identified themes are:
- Fundamental properties of defects and impurities in conducting oxides (CO's)
- Transparent conducting oxides (TCO's) for photovoltaics
- Nanostructures for energy technology
Examples of specific subgoals are; understanding of fundamental defects in CO's, defect and bandgap engineering of n-type TCO's, realization of p-type TCO's, suppression of carrier recombination at TCO/Si interfaces, and realization of nanocrystals for 3rd generation PV.
The Research Counsil of Norway