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The development of integrated circuit technologies makes it possible to integrate complete systems on one chip consisting of microprocessors, RAM, dedicated digital modules as well as analogue elements like sensor front-ends, RF modules and power regulators, image pixels, MEMS-structures (pressure sensors, mechanical switches, accelerometers), high quality coils and capacitors etc. This is known as System on Chip (SoC). Development of a SoC is done in several steps where the different modules are developed and verified in different devices before they may be combined into one circuit.
The Goal is to design a 128x128 pixel (or more) CMOS image sensor with 16-bit dynamic range.