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The transition to a globally sustainable low-carbon emission society requires a significant increase in the use of renewable energy. We are facing increased decentralized energy production, and digitalization of the whole value chain. Advanced use of ICT is crucial for realizing this energy shift. This is confirmed in the revised national strategy for Norway on energy research, Energy21 which recommends to give "Digitalization and integrated energy systems" top priority. In this context, the energy sector is facing two key challenges: 1) the sector must be able to apply state-of-the-art ICT, 2) there is a lack of talents with the necessary expertise in the intersection between energy systems and ICT, which we refer to as energy informatics. This project, which is a collaboration between research groups at University of Stavanger, University of Oslo, Technical University of Munich, and University of Lille, is one response to these challenges.
Software control architectures for mini-grids can be applied to a range of smaller scale power systems, from stationary heat and power systems in buildings to energy systems for ships. Energy systems, irrespective of application, consist of energy generators, energy storage, and end users (energy converters). With the advent of new advanced ICT it is now possible to control power and energy flows in all kinds of energy systems. The goal of this thesis project is to leverage a suitable software control architecture to manage the mini-grid of a ship and evaluate this architecture in terms of correctness and performance.
Consumers often notice discrepancies between what energy usage they have been billed for and what they (believe), they have consumed . This project explores the use of the emerging Blockchain Technology to resolve potential disputes.
Photo voltaic (PV) panels are now mainly used on separate houses, or in larger industrial installations. The EU is now taking steps to implement its binding target to reduce climate gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030, and increase the use of renewable energy to 27% of total consumption by the same date . The projected share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption was 15.3% in 2014 . Consequently, as significant increase in renewable energy production and consumption is necessary. However, almost 3/4 of the European population lived in urban areas in 2015 , and solar energy has been inaccessible to most cities’ citizens living in flats in residential condominiums. In order to increase the use of solar energy, also people living in flats in cities need to have a solar panel on their roof top.
Norway is world leading with respect to electrical vehicles (EV) per capita, and Norway is therefore also the first to face the lack of charging stations. The problem is that they are costly to build, and EVs stay at the stations even after completing the charging making it a hunt for others to find a free station, which leads to some urban citizens selling their EVs again . A related problem is the lack of charging stations in city districts with many residential condominiums. Everyone gets home at approximately the same time at night and wants to charge the EV and make dinner at the same time creating an excessive peak in the distribution grid load.
IoTSec promotes development of a safe and secure IoT-enabled smart power grid infrastructure. Co-located with NCE Smart.