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Faglige interesser

I am broadly interested in the reheating and reionization of the intergalactic medium, the formation of the first stars and black holes, and the galaxy-intergalactic medium connection. I am a theorist who specializes in modeling radiative processes and radiative transfer, to improve the general connection between theory and multifrequency observations. I work at the interface of models and data, and I have established collaborations with both theorists and observers. 

More information can be found on my personal site at




PhD Columbia University (2005)

School of Physics, University of Melbourne 2005-2007

ITC Fellow, Harvard University 2007-2010

Senior Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Garching, 2010-2013


Gauss-Professorship (2012-2013) awarded by the Academy of Sciences at the University of Gottingen, Germany


Emneord: Simuleringer, Observasjoner, Kosmologi, Beregningsintensiv astrofysikk, Astronomi og astrofysikk, Galakser


Selected Publications. For a complete list, see

  • Constraints on the Redshift Evolution of the L_X-SFR Relation from the Cosmic X-Ray Backgrounds”, Dijkstra, M., Gilfanov, M., Loeb A., Sunyaev, R., 2012, MNRAS, 421, 213D

  • Line Transfer through Large Scale, Clumpy Outflows: Lyman Alpha Absorption and Halos around Star Forming Galaxies”,  Dijkstra, M., Kramer, R. H., 2012, MNRAS, 424, 1672D

  • Non-gravitational contributions to the clustering of Lyα selected galaxies: implications for cosmological surveys”, Wyithe, J.S.B., Dijkstra, M., 2011, MNRAS, 415, 3929W

  • Stellar black holes at the dawn of the universe”, Mirabel, I.F., Dijkstra, M., Laurent, P., Loeb, A., Pritchard, J.R., 2011, A&A, 528A, 149M

  • Lyman-alpha Cooling Emission from Galaxy Formation”, Faucher-Giguere, C.A., Keres, D., Dijkstra, M., Hernquist, L., Zaldarriaga, M. 2010, ApJ, 725, 633F

  • Lyman Alpha Blobs as an Observational Signature of Cold Accretion Streams into Galaxies”, Dijkstra, M., Loeb, A., 2009, MNRAS, 400, 1109D

  • Fluctuations in the High-Redshift Lyman-Werner Background: Close Halo Pairs as the Origin of Supermassive Black Holes”, Dijkstra, M., Haiman, Z., Mesinger, A., Wyithe, J.S.B, 2008, MNRAS, 391, 1961D

  • The polarization of scattered Lyman Alpha radiation around high-redshift galaxies'', Dijkstra, M., Loeb, A. 2008, MNRAS, 386, 492D

  • The impact of The IGM on high-redshift Lyman Alpha emission lines”, Dijkstra, M., Lidz, A., Wyithe, J.S.B., 2007, MNRAS, 377, 1175D

  • Lyman Alpha Radiation from Collapsing Protogalaxies. I. Characteristics of the Emergent Spectrum”, Dijkstra, M., Haiman, Z., Spaans, M., 2006, ApJ, 649, 14D

  • Photoionization Feedback in Low-Mass Galaxies at High Redshift”, Dijkstra, M., Haiman, Z., Rees, M.J., Weinberg, D.H., 2004, ApJ, 601, 666D
  • Eide, Marius Berge; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Dijkstra, Mark & Hayes, Matthew (2018). Unlocking the Full Potential of Extragalactic Lyα through Its Polarization Properties. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  856(2) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aab5b7 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Forero-Romero, J. E.; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Remolina-Gutiérrez, Maria Camila; Gravito-Camargo, Nicolás & Dijkstra, Mark (2018). Modelling the gas kinematics of an atypical Ly α emitting compact dwarf galaxy. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  474(1), s 12- 19 . doi: 10.1093/MNRAS/STX2699 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Kakiichi, Koki & Dijkstra, Mark (2018). A new model framework for circumgalactic Ly α radiative transfer constrained by galaxy-Ly α forest clustering. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  480(4), s 5140- 5159 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/sty2214 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Mason, Charlotte A.; Treu, Tommaso; De Barros, Stephane; Dijkstra, Mark; Fontana, Adriano; Mesinger, Andrei; Pentericci, Laura; Trenti, Michele & Vanzella, Eros (2018). Beacons into the Cosmic Dark Ages: Boosted Transmission of Lyα from UV Bright Galaxies at z ≳ 7. Astrophysical Journal Letters.  ISSN 2041-8205.  857(2) . doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/aabbab Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Mason, Charlotte A.; Treu, Tommaso; Dijkstra, Mark; Mesinger, Andrei; Trenti, Michele; Pentericci, Laura; De Barros, Stephane & Vanzella, Eros (2018). The Universe Is Reionizing at z ~ 7: Bayesian Inference of the IGM Neutral Fraction Using Lyα Emission from Galaxies. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  856(1) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aab0a7 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • McGreer, Ian D; Clément, Benjamin; Mainali, Ramesh; Stark, Daniel P.; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Dijkstra, Mark; Fan, Xiaohui; Bian, Fuyan; Frye, Brenda; Jiang, Linhua; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Limousin, Marceau & Walth, Gregory (2018). A bright-lensed galaxy at z = 5.4 with strong Ly α emission. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  479(1), s 435- 453 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/sty1411 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Smith, Brent M.; Windhorst, Rogier A.; Jansen, Rolf A.; Cohen, Seth H.; Jiang, Linhua; Dijkstra, Mark; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Bielby, Richard; Inoue, Akio K.; MacKenty, John W.; O'Connell, Robert W. & Silk, Joseph I. (2018). Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 Observations of Escaping Lyman Continuum Radiation from Galaxies and Weak AGN at Redshifts z ~ 2.3–4.1. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  853(2) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaa3dc Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Windhorst, Rogier A.; Timmes, F.X.; Wyithe, J. Stuart B.; Alpaslan, Mehmet; Andrews, Stephen K.; Coe, Daniel; Diego, Jose M.; Dijkstra, Mark; Driver, Simon P.; Kelly, Patrick L. & Kim, Duho (2018). On the Observability of Individual Population III Stars and Their Stellar-mass Black Hole Accretion Disks through Cluster Caustic Transits. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series.  ISSN 0067-0049.  234(2) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4365/aaa760 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Bradač, Maruša; Garcia-Appadoo, Diego; Huang, Kuang-Han; Vallini, Livia; Finney, Emily Quinn; Hoag, Austin; Lemaux, Brian C.; Schmidt, Kasper B.; Treu, Tommaso; Carilli, Chris; Dijkstra, Mark; Ferrara, Andrea; Fontana, Adriano; Jones, Tucker; Ryan, Russell; Wagg, Jeff & Gonzalez, Anthony H. (2017). ALMA [C II] 158 μm detection of a redshift 7 lensed galaxy behind RX J1347.1-1145. Astrophysical Journal Letters.  ISSN 2041-8205.  836:L2, s 1- 5 . doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/836/1/L2 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Gronke, Max Balthasar; Dijkstra, Mark; McCourt, Michael & Peng Oh, S. (2017). Resonant line transfer in a fog: Using Lyman-alpha to probe tiny structures in atomic gas. Astronomy and Astrophysics.  ISSN 0004-6361.  607 . doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731013 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Johnson, Jarrett L. & Dijkstra, Mark (2017). Enhanced direct collapse due to Lyman α feedback. Astronomy and Astrophysics.  ISSN 0004-6361.  601 . doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630010 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Karman, W.; Caputi, K.; Caminha, G. B.; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Grillo, C.; Balestra, I.; Rosati, P.; Vanzella, E.; Coe, D.; Dijkstra, Mark; Koekemoer, A.; McLeod, D.; Mercurio, A. & Nonino, M. (2017). MUSE integral-field spectroscopy towards the Frontier Fields cluster Abell S1063: II. Properties of low luminosity Lyman α emitters at z > 3. Astronomy and Astrophysics.  ISSN 0004-6361.  599 . doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629055 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Mas Ribas, Lluis; Dijkstra, Mark; Hennawi, J. F.; Trenti, Michele; Momose, Rieko & Ouchi, Masami (2017). Small-scale Intensity Mapping: Extended Lyα, Hα, and Continuum Emission as a Probe of Halo Star Formation in High-redshift Galaxies. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  841(1) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa704e Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Mas Ribas, Lluis; Hennawi, J. F.; Dijkstra, Mark; Davies, Frederick B.; Stern, Jonathan & Rix, Hans-Walter (2017). Small-scale Intensity Mapping: Extended Halos as a Probe of the Ionizing Escape Fraction and Faint Galaxy Populations during Reionization. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  846(1) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8328 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Vanzella, E.; Balestra, I.; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Karman, W.; Caminha, G. B.; Dijkstra, Mark; Rosati, P.; De Barros, S.; Caputi, K.; Grillo, C.; Tozzi, P.; Meneghetti, M.; Mercurio, A. & Gilli, R. (2017). Illuminating gas inflows/outflows in the MUSE deepest fields: Lyα nebulae around forming galaxies at z ≃ 3.3. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  465(4), s 3803- 3816 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/stw2442 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Vanzella, E.; Castellano, M.; Meneghetti, M.; Mercurio, A.; Caminha, G. B.; Cupani, G.; Calura, F.; Christensen, L.; Merlin, E.; Rosati, P.; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Dijkstra, Mark; Mignoli, M.; Gilli, R.; De Barros, S.; Caputi, K.; Grillo, C.; Balestra, I.; Cristiani, S.; Nonino, M.; Giallongo, E.; Grazian, A.; Pentericci, L.; Fontana, A.; Comastri, A.; Vignali, C.; Zamorani, G.; Brusa, M.; Bergamini, P. & Tozzi, P. (2017). Magnifying the Early Episodes of Star Formation: Super Star Clusters at Cosmological Distances. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  842(1) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa74ae Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Yang, Huan; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Rhoads, James E.; Leitherer, Claus; Wofford, Aida; Jiang, Tianxing; Dijkstra, Mark; Tilvi, V. & Wang, Junxian (2017). Lyα Profile, Dust, and Prediction of Lyα Escape Fraction in Green Pea Galaxies. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  844(2) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa7d4d Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Beck, Melanie; Scarlata, Claudia; Hayes, Matthew; Dijkstra, Mark & Jones, Terry J. (2016). Spectropolarimetry confirms central powering in a Lyα nebula at z = 3.09. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  818(2) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/818/2/138
  • Chung, Andrew S.; Dijkstra, Mark; Ciardi, Benedetta & Gronke, Max Balthasar (2016). Blue wings and bumps via Fermi-like acceleration of Ly α photons across shocks. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  455(1), s 884- 891 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/stv2340
  • Dijkstra, Mark (2016). Constraining Reionization with Lyα Emitting Galaxies. Astrophysics and Space Science Library.  ISSN 0067-0057.  423, s 145- 161 . doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-21957-8_5
  • Dijkstra, Mark; Gronke, Max Balthasar & Sobral, David (2016). Lyα Signatures from Direct Collapse Black Holes. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  823(2) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/74
  • Dijkstra, Mark; Gronke, Max Balthasar & Venkatesan, Aparna (2016). The Lyα-LyC connection: evidence for an enhanced contribution of UV-faint galaxies to cosmic reionization. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  828(2) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/828/2/71 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv.
  • Dijkstra, Mark; Sethi, Shiv & Loeb, Abraham (2016). 3-cm FINE STRUCTURE MASERS: A UNIQUE SIGNATURE of SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLE FORMATION VIA DIRECT COLLAPSE in the EARLY UNIVERSE. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  820(1) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/820/1/10
  • Geach, J. E.; Narayanan, D.; Matsuda, Y.; Hayes, M.; Mas Ribas, Lluis; Dijkstra, Mark; Steidel, C. C.; Chapman, S. C.; Feldmann, R.; Avison, A.; Agertz, O.; Ao, Y.; Birkinshaw, M.; Bremer, M. N.; Clements, D. L.; Dannerbauer, H.; Farrah, D.; Harrison, C. M.; Kubo, M.; Michalowski, M. J.; Scott, Douglas; Smith, D. J. B.; Spaans, M.; Simpson, J. M.; Swinbank, A. M.; Taniguchi, Y.; van der Werf, P.; Verma, A. & Yamada, T. (2016). ALMA Observations of Lyα Blob 1: Halo Substructure Illuminated from Within. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  832(1) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/832/1/37
  • Gronke, Max Balthasar & Dijkstra, Mark (2016). Lyman-alpha spectra from multiphase outflows, and their connection to shell models. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  826(1) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/14
  • Gronke, Max Balthasar; Dijkstra, Mark; McCourt, Michael & Oh, S. Peng (2016). From Mirrors to Windows: Lyman-alpha Radiative Transfer in a Very Clumpy Medium. Astrophysical Journal Letters.  ISSN 2041-8205.  833(2) . doi: 10.3847/2041-8213/833/2/L26
  • Huang, Kuang-Han; Lemaux, Brian C.; Schmidt, Kasper B.; Hoag, Austin; Bradač, Maruša; Treu, Tommaso; Dijkstra, Mark; Fontana, Adriano; Henry, Alaina; Malkan, Matthew; Mason, Charlotte; Morishita, Takahiro; Pentericci, Laura; Ryan, Russell E.; Trenti, Michele & Wang, Xin (2016). Detection of Lyman-alpha Emission from a Triply Imaged z = 6.85 Galaxy behind MACS J2129.4-0741. Astrophysical Journal Letters.  ISSN 2041-8205.  823(1) . doi: 10.3847/2041-8205/823/1/L14
  • Kakiichi, Koki; Dijkstra, Mark; Ciardi, Benedetta & Graziani, Luca (2016). Lyα-emitting galaxies as a probe of reionization: large-scale bubble morphology and small-scale absorbers. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  463(4), s 4019- 4040 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/stw2193
  • Mas Ribas, Lluis & Dijkstra, Mark (2016). ON the CONTRIBUTION of FLUORESCENCE to LYα HALOS AROUND STAR-FORMING GALAXIES. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  822(2) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/822/2/84
  • Mas Ribas, Lluis; Dijkstra, Mark & Forero-Romero, J. E. (2016). Boosting Lyα and He II λ1640 Line Fluxes from Population III Galaxies: Stochastic IMF Sampling and Departures from Case-B. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  833(1) . doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/833/1/65
  • Schmidt, Kasper B.; Treu, Tomasso; Bradač, Maruša; Vulcani, Benedetta; Huang, Kuanghan; Hoag, Austin; Maseda, Michael V.; Guaita, Lucia; Pentericci, Laura; Brammer, Gabriel B.; Dijkstra, Mark; Dressler, Alan M.; Fontana, Adriana; Henry, Alaina L.; Jones, Tucker A.; Mason, Charlotte A.; Trenti, Michele & Wang, Xin (2016). The Grism lens-amplified survey from space (GLASS). III. A census of Lyα emission at z ≳ 7 from HST spectroscopy. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  818:38 . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/818/1/38
  • Vanzella, E.; De Barros, S.; Cupani, G.; Karman, W.; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Balestra, I.; Coe, D.; Mignoli, M.; Brusa, M.; Calura, F.; Caminha, G. B.; Caputi, K.; Castellano, M.; Christensen, L.; Comastri, A.; Cristiani, S.; Dijkstra, Mark; Fontana, A.; Giallongo, E.; Giavalisco, M.; Gilli, R.; Grazian, A.; Grillo, C.; Koekemoer, A.; Meneghetti, M.; Nonino, M.; Pentericci, L.; Rosati, P.; Schaerer, D.; Verhamme, A.; Vignali, C. & Zamorani, G. (2016). High-Resolution Spectroscopy of A Young, Low-Metallicity Optically Thin L = 0.02L∗ Star-Forming Galaxy at z = 3.12. Astrophysical Journal Letters.  ISSN 2041-8205.  821(2) . doi: 10.3847/2041-8205/821/2/L27
  • Yang, Huan; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Gronke, Max Balthasar; Rhoads, James E.; Dijkstra, Mark; Jaskot, Anne; Zheng, Zhenya & Wang, Junxian (2016). GREEN PEA GALAXIES REVEAL SECRETS of Lyα ESCAPE. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  820(2) . doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/820/2/130
  • Gronke, Max Balthasar; Bull, Philip James & Dijkstra, Mark (2015). A systematic study of Lyα transfer through outflowing shells: Model parameter estimation. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  812(2) . doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/123
  • Gronke, Max Balthasar; Dijkstra, Mark; Trenti, M. & Wyithe, S. (2015). Connecting faint-end slopes of the Lyman α emitter and Lyman-break galaxy luminosity functions. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  449(2), s 1284- 1290 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/stv329
  • Martin, Crystal L.; Dijkstra, Mark; Henry, Alaina; Soto, Kurt T.; Danforth, Charles W. & Wong, Joseph (2015). The Lyα Line Profiles of Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies: Fast Winds and Lyman Continuum Leakage. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  803(1) . doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/803/1/6
  • Mesinger, Andrei; Aykutalp, Aycin; Vanzella, Eros; Pentericci, Laura; Ferrara, Andrea & Dijkstra, Mark (2015). Can the intergalactic medium cause a rapid drop in Lyα emission at z > 6?. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  446(1), s 566- 577 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/stu2089
  • Treu, T.; Schmidt, K. B.; Brammer, G. B.; Vulcani, B; Wang, X.; Bradac, M.; Dijkstra, Mark; Dressler, A.; Fontana, A; Gavazzi, R.; Henry, A. L.; Hoag, A.; Huang, K.-H.; Jones, T. A.; Kelly, P. L.; Malkan, M. A.; Mason, C.; Pentericci, L.; Poggianti, B.; Stiavelli, M.; Trenti, M. & von der Linden, A. (2015). The Grism Lens-Amplified Survey from Space (GLASS). I. Survey Overview and First Data Release. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  812(2) . doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/114
  • Dijkstra, Mark (2014). Lyα Emitting Galaxies as a Probe of Reionisation. Publications Astronomical Society of Australia.  ISSN 1323-3580.  31 . doi: 10.1017/pasa.2014.33
  • Garavito-Camargo, J. N.; Forero-Romero, J. E. & Dijkstra, Mark (2014). The impact of gas bulk rotation on the Lyα line. Astrophysical Journal.  ISSN 0004-637X.  795(2) . doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/795/2/120
  • Grönke, Max Balthasar & Dijkstra, Mark (2014). Directional Lyα equivalent boosting - I. Spherically symmetric distributions of clumps. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.  ISSN 0035-8711.  444(2), s 1095- 1103 . doi: 10.1093/mnras/stu1513

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Publisert 10. des. 2013 10:48 - Sist endret 11. okt. 2016 13:49