Kristina Øie Kvile

Postdoctoral Fellow - Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis
Image of Kristina Øie Kvile
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Phone +47-22859012
Room 3423
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Visiting address Blindernveien 31 0371 OSLO

Guest investigator at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Background

I am a marine ecologist studying how climate change influences zooplankton communities at high latitudes. Most of my work has focused on Calanus copepods, which dominate zooplankton biomass in Arctic and subarctic regions and play important ecological roles as consumers of microplankton and prey for other animals. I combine data-driven (statistical) and numerical (mechanistic) modeling to understand spatial and temporal variation in zooplankton populations on regional and pan-Arctic scales. Complementing modeling with observational studies in the field, I aim to improve our understanding of the mechanisms that drive observed changes in polar ecosystems.

I was a PhD student at CEES from 2012 to 2015, with a thesis focusing on climate effects on Calanus finmarchicus in the Norwegian Sea - Barents Sea. The project was part of NorMER (Nordic Centre for Research on Marine Ecosystems and Resources under Climate Change). Thereafter, I spent one year at CEES as a researcher in the project Sustain (Sustainable management of renewable resources in a changing environment), where I investigated drift patterns of cod larvae in the North Sea using numerical modeling. From December 2016 to May 2018, I was a postdoctoral scholar at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in the USA, mentored by Dr. Carin Ashjian and Dr. Rubao Ji. I returned to CEES in July 2018 as a postdoc funded by VISTA, a collaborative program between Statoil (now Equinor) and the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (project description below). In parallel, I am continuing as a guest investigator at WHOI and the research group on Polar Ocean Life & Ecology (POLE).

 

Timing of the active period for Calanus copepods in the Arctic

Retreating sea ice due to climate change creates new opportunities for petroleum exploitation in the Arctic. However, Arctic ecosystems are considered vulnerable to oil spills due to the remoteness, high seasonality of ecosystems, and low degradation rates of oil in polar regions. As petroleum activities move northward, potential oil spills may coincide with the short growth season of Calanus copepods, which dominate zooplankton biomass in Arctic regions and play important roles as consumers of microplankton and prey for other animals. In response to the highly seasonal environment at high latitudes, Calanus copepods perform seasonal vertical migrations. A short growth season is spent in upper waters, followed by an extended period dormant in deep waters. However, we have limited knowledge about the drivers behind the timing of the active period.

In my current postdoc project, I will use complementary approaches to investigate drivers behind the timing of the active period in Arctic Calanus: (1) statistically analyze compiled pan-Arctic survey data to estimate the timing of the active phase across latitudinal gradients and identify potential environmental drivers; (2) perform laboratory experiments to investigate mechanisms behind the end of the active period; and (3) numerically model the optimal timing of the active period for different species and environmental conditions. Key questions I will address are how the timing of the active period of Calanus varies geographically and between years, and which mechanisms – including predation risk, food availability and abiotic factors – explain this variation. Results from this project can provide information on the seasonal variation in Arctic Calanus’ vulnerability to potential oil spills, and contribute towards a mechanistic understanding of the drivers behind seasonal migrations, a critical and elusive aspect of Calanus life history.

Tags: Arctic, Climate change, Zooplankton, Marine ecology, Pelagic ecology, Barents Sea, Copepods, Russia, Nordic, Ecological statistics, Trophic interactions

Publications

  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Ashjian, Carin; Feng, Zhixuan; Zhang, Jinlun & Ji, Rubao (2018). Pushing the limit: Resilience of an Arctic copepod to environmental fluctuations. Global Change Biology.  ISSN 1354-1013. . doi: 10.1111/gcb.14419
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Romagnoni, Giovanni; Dagestad, Knut-Frode; Langangen, Øystein & Kristiansen, Trond (2018). Sensitivity of modelled North Sea cod larvae transport to vertical behaviour, ocean model resolution and interannual variation in ocean dynamic. ICES Journal of Marine Science.  ISSN 1054-3139.  fsy039 . doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsy039
  • Langangen, Øystein; Stige, Leif Christian; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Yaragina, Natalia A.; Skjæraasen, Jon Egil; Vikebø, Frode Bendiksen & Ottersen, Geir (2018). Multi-decadal variations in spawning ground use in Northeast Arctic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). Fisheries Oceanography.  ISSN 1054-6006.  27(5), s 435- 444 . doi: 10.1111/fog.12264
  • Stige, Leif Christian; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Bogstad, Bjarte & Langangen, Øystein (2018). Predator-prey interactions cause apparent competition between marine zooplankton groups. Ecology.  ISSN 0012-9658.  99(3), s 632- 641 . doi: 10.1002/ecy.2126
  • Holt, Rebecca Emma; Woods, P.J; Ferreira, A.S.A; Bardarson, H; Bonanomi, Sara; Boonstra, W.J; Butler, W.E; Diekert, Florian Klaus; Fouzai, Nadia; Holma, M; Kokkalis, Alexandros; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Macdonald, J.I; Malanski, Evandro; Nieminen, E; Ottosen, K.M.; Pedersen, M.W; Richter, Andries Peter; Rogers, Lauren; Romagnoni, Giovanni; Snickars, Martin; Törnroos, Anna; Weigel, Benjamin; Whittington, Jason & Yletyinen, Johanna (2017). Avoiding pitfalls in interdisciplinary education. Climate Research (CR).  ISSN 0936-577X.  74(2), s 121- 129 . doi: 10.3354/cr01491
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Fiksen, Øyvind; Prokopchuk, Irina & Opdal, Anders Frugård (2017). Coupling survey data with drift model results suggests that local spawning is important for Calanus finmarchicus production in the Barents Sea. Journal of Marine Systems.  ISSN 0924-7963.  165, s 69- 76 . doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.09.010
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Langangen, Øystein; Prokopchuk, Irina P.; Stenseth, Nils Christian & Stige, Leif Christian (2016). Disentangling the mechanisms behind climate effects on zooplankton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.  ISSN 0027-8424.  113(7), s 1841- 1846 . doi: 10.1073/pnas.1525130113
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Stige, Leif Christian; Prokopchuk, Irina P. & Langangen, Øystein (2016). A statistical regression approach to estimate zooplankton mortality from spatiotemporal survey data. Journal of Plankton Research.  ISSN 0142-7873.  38(3), s 624- 635 . doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbw028
  • Pedersen, Martin Wæver; Kokkalis, Alexandros; Bardarson, Hermann; Bonanomi, Sara; Boonstra, Wiebren; Butler, William E.; Diekert, Florian Klaus; Fouzai, Nadia; Holma, Maija Kristiina; Holt, Rebecca; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Nieminen, Emmi Elina; Ottosen, Katharina M.; Richter, Andries Peter; Rogers, Lauren; Romagnoni, Giovanni; Snickars, Martin; Törnroos, Anna; Weigel, Benjamin; Whittington, Jason; Woods, Pamela J.; Yletyinen, Johanna Katariina & Ferreira, Ana Sofia de Araujo (2016). Trends in marine climate change research in the Nordic region since the first IPCC report. Climatic Change.  ISSN 0165-0009.  134(1), s 147- 161 . doi: 10.1007/s10584-015-1536-6
  • Boonstra, Wiebren; Ottosen, Katharina M.; Ferreira, Ana Sofia de Araújo; Richter, Andries Peter; Rogers, Lauren; Pedersen, Martin Wæver; Kokkalis, Alexandros; Bárðarson, Hlynur; Bonanomi, Sara; Butler, William; Diekert, Florian Klaus; Fouzai, Nadia; Holma, Maija Kristiina; Holt, Rebecca; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Malanski, Evandro; Macdonald, Jed I.; Nieminen, Emmi Elina; Romagnoni, Giovanni; Snickars, Martin; Weigel, Benjamin; Woods, Pamela J.; Yletyinen, Johanna Katariina & Whittington, Jason (2015). What are the major global threats and impacts in marine environments? Investigating the contours of a shared perception among marine scientists from the bottom-up. Marine Policy.  ISSN 0308-597X.  60, s 197- 201 . doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2015.06.007
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Dalpadado, Padmini; Orlova, Emma L.; Stenseth, Nils Christian & Stige, Leif Christian (2014). Temperature effects on Calanus finmarchicus vary in space, time and between developmental stages. Marine Ecology Progress Series.  ISSN 0171-8630.  517, s 85- 104 . doi: 10.3354/meps11024
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Taranto, Gerald; Pitcher, Tony J. & Morato, Telmo (2014). A global assessment of seamount ecosystems knowledge using an ecosystem evaluation framework. Biological Conservation.  ISSN 0006-3207.  173, s 108- 120 . doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2013.10.002
  • Alaliyat, Saleh; Osen, Ottar & Kvile, Kristina Øie (2013). An agent-based model to simulate pathogen transmission between aquaculture sites in the Romsdalsfjord, In  Proceedings 27th European Conference on Modelling and Simulation ECMS 2013, May 27th - May 30th, 2013, Ålesund, Norway.  ECMS European Council for Modelling and Simulation.  ISBN 978-0-9564944-6-7.  Agent-based simulation.  s 46 - 52
  • Morato, Telmo; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Taranto, Gerald; Tempera, Fernando; Narayanaswamy, Bhavani; Hebbeln, Dierk; Menezes, Gui; Wienberg, Claudia; Santos, Rui & Pitcher, Tony J. (2013). Seamount physiography and biology in the north-east Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Biogeosciences.  ISSN 1726-4170.  10 . doi: 10.5194/bg-10-3039-2013
  • Taranto, Gerald; Kvile, Kristina Øie; Pitcher, Tony J. & Morato, Telmo (2012). An Ecosystem Evaluation Framework for Global Seamount Conservation and Management. PLoS ONE.  ISSN 1932-6203.  7(8) . doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042950

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  • Stige, Leif Christian & Kvile, Kristina Øie (2017). Climate warming drives large-scale changes in ecosystem function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.  ISSN 0027-8424.  114(46), s 12100- 12102 . doi: 10.1073/pnas.1717090114
  • Gusdal, Yvonne; Melsom, Arne; Trodahl, Marta; Kvile, Kristina Øie & Langangen, Øystein (2016). Changes in drift pathways of fish egg along the coast of Norway.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Dalpadado, Padmini; Fiksen, Øyvind; Langangen, Øystein; Opdal, Anders Frugård; Prokopchuk, Irina P.; Stenseth, Nils Christian & Stige, Leif Christian (2016). Climate responses of Calanus finmarchicus in a high latitude system.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Stige, Leif Christian; Prokopchuk, Irina P. & Langangen, Øystein (2016). A statistical regression approach to estimate zooplankton mortality from spatiotemporal survey data.
  • Stige, Leif Christian; Kvile, Kristina Øie & Langangen, Øystein (2016). Zooplankton and fish: revealing key processes in predator−prey dynamics in the Barents Sea.
  • Stige, Leif Christian; Kvile, Kristina Øie & Langangen, Øystein (2016). Zooplankton and fish: revealing key processes in predator‑prey dynamics in the Barents Sea.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie (2015). Disentangling the mechanisms behind climate effects on zooplankton.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Fiksen, Øyvind & Frugård Opdal, Anders (2014). Linking models and data: Can we find the spawning areas of Calanus finmarchicus?.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Langangen, Øystein & Stige, Leif Christian (2014). Including drift in analyses of observation data reveals environmental effects on copepod biomass in the Barents Sea.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie (2013). Temperature - zooplankton associations in the Barents Sea vary on temporal, spatial and developmental scales.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie; Stenseth, Nils Christian & Stige, Leif Christian (2013). Temperature - zooplankton associations in the Barents Sea vary on temporal, spatial and developmental scales.
  • Kvile, Kristina Øie (2012). Climatic influences on zooplankton dynamics in Lofoten and the Barents Sea.

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Published Aug. 15, 2012 1:52 PM - Last modified Sep. 6, 2018 10:32 AM

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