Archaeogenomics Journal Club: Environmental palaeogenomic reconstruction of an Ice Age algal population

This week we discuss a paper on palaeogenomic reconstruction.

Join Zoom Meeting

The Zoom link is to be announced. Note there is a waiting room from which you will be admitted to the meeting. If any issues getting in please email Anneke (Anneke's profile page.)

The paper

Link to the paper (Nature.com).

Abstract

Palaeogenomics has greatly increased our knowledge of past evolutionary and ecological change, but has been restricted to the study of species that preserve either as or within fossils. Here we show the potential of shotgun metagenomics to reveal population genomic information for a taxon that does not preserve in the body fossil record, the algae Nannochloropsis. We shotgun sequenced two lake sediment samples dated to the Last Glacial Maximum and reconstructed full chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes to explore within-lake population genomic variation. This revealed two major haplogroups for each organellar genome, which could be assigned to known varieties of N. limnetica, although we show that at least three haplotypes were present using our minimum haplotype diversity estimation method. These approaches demonstrate the utility of lake sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) for population genomic analysis, thereby opening the door to environmental palaeogenomics, which will unlock the full potential of sedaDNA.

Published Mar. 15, 2021 1:57 PM - Last modified Mar. 16, 2021 12:57 PM