New publication: Using prokaryotes for carbon capture storage

Natalie Hicks1Unni Vik*1, Peter Taylor, Efthymios Ladoukakis, Joonsang Park, Frangiskos Kolisis, and Kjetill S. Jakobsen* in Trends in Biotechnology

Geological storage of CO2 is a fast-developing technology that can mitigate rising carbon emissions. However, there are environmental concerns with the long-term storage and implications of a leak from a carbon capture storage (CCS) site. Traditional monitoring lacks clear protocols and relies heavily on physical methods. Here, we discuss the potential of biotechnology, focusing on microbes with a natural ability to utilize and assimilate CO2 through different metabolic pathways. We propose the use of natural microbial communities for CCS monitoring and CO2 utilization, and, with examples, demonstrate how synthetic biology may maximize CO2 uptake within and above storage sites. An integrated physical and biological approach, combined with metagenomics data and biotechnological advances, will enhance CO2 sequestration and prevent large-scale leakages.

Published 3 October 2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.06.011

*Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES). See the publication for full author information.
1These authors contributed equally to this work

Tags: Trends in Biotechnology
Published Oct. 4, 2016 10:47 AM - Last modified Oct. 5, 2016 12:22 PM