Else-Lydia Toverud

Professor Emeritus - Department of Pharmacy
Image of Else-Lydia Toverud
Norwegian version of this page
Room 047C
Username
Visiting address Sem Sælands vei 3 Farmasibygningen 0371 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1068 Blindern 0316 Oslo

Academic Interests

Drug use/pharmacotherapy in patients, with special focus on the elderly and the chronically ill ones. This includes also those with life-threatening diseases.

Special problems regarding the use of drugs. Why is compliance/adherence to the drug treatment often so low? What additional problems do we find in groups of immigrants where a different cultural background and another language are factors which have to be taken into consideration?

The government's pharmacoeconomic strategies to decrease drug expenses.

Special interest: How to help patients get better results from their drug
therapy.

Teaching

School of pharmacy (master - 5 years):

Main responsibility for the two courses: FRM 1020 and FRM 4040.

 

School of pharmacy/School of Medicine:

Higher education and employment history

  • Professor in Social Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy,University of Oslo, Norway, 1997 - present
  • Associate professor in Social pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Norway, 1991-1997
  • Associate professor, Department of Pharmacotherapeutics, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, Norway, 1985-1991
  • Associate professor, School of Prescriptionists (pharmacists), Oslo, Norway 1982-1985
  • Dr.philos.(doctoral thesis work), Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith Hospital, University of London, England, 1977-1981
  • "Scientific" assistant, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Norway, 1972-1976
  • Research assistant, Ecole de Pharmacie, University of Geneva, Switzerland, 1971-1972
  • Research assistant, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy,University of Oslo, Norway,1970 (the whole year)
  • Master of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Norway, December 1969

Appointments

  • Vice leader of the Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Norway
  • Member of the Ph.D. board, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Norway
  • Member of the PR board of the School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Norway

Cooperation

  • Institute of Health and Society, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, Norway
  • Center for Pharmacy, University of Bergen, Norway
  • The Health Directorate, Oslo, Norway
  • The Norwegian Pharmacy Association
  • International Health and Society group (IHSG), Oslo, Norway
  • Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Oslo, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway
  • Antidoping Norway
  • Department of Social Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa

 

Tags: Social Pharmacy, Adherence, Elderly, Drug use in HIV patients, Pharmacoeconomics, Natural products, Drug use/Pharmacotherapy, Drug use in ethnic minorities

Publications

  • Abuelmagd, Walaa Metwally Ali Abdalaah; Osman, Bavi Botan; Håkonsen, Helle; Jenum, Anne Karen & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2019). Experiences of Kurdish immigrants with the management of type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study from Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. ISSN 0281-3432. 37(3), p. 345–352. doi: 10.1080/02813432.2019.1639911. Full text in Research Archive
  • Abuelmagd, Walaa; Afandi, Bachar; Håkonsen, Helle; Khmidi, Seham & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2018). Challenges in the management of Type 2 Diabetes among native women in the United Arab Emirates. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. ISSN 0168-8227. 142, p. 56–62. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2018.04.018.
  • Gutema, Girma Belachew; Håkonsen, Helle; Engidawork, Ephrem & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2018). Multiple challenges of antibiotic use in a large hospital in Ethiopia - A ward-specific study showing high rates of hospital-acquired infections and ineffective prophylaxis. BMC Health Services Research. ISSN 1472-6963. 18(1). doi: 10.1186/s12913-018-3107-9.
  • Abuelmagd, Walaa; Håkonsen, Helle; Mahmood, Khadijah Qurrat-ul-Ain; Taghizadeh, Najmeh & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2017). Living with Diabetes: Personal Interviews with Pakistani Women in Norway. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. ISSN 1557-1912. p. 1–6. doi: 10.1007/s10903-017-0622-4.
  • Mamen, Anette Vik; Håkonsen, Helle; Kjome, Reidun Lisbet Skeide; Krabbesund, Bjørn Gustavsen & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2015). Norwegian elderly patients' need for drug information and attitudes towards medication use reviews in community pharmacies. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice (IJPP). ISSN 0961-7671. 23(6), p. 423–428. doi: 10.1111/ijpp.12184.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Hartmann, Katrin & Håkonsen, Helle (2015). A Systematic Review of Physicians’ and Pharmacists’ Perspectives on Generic Drug Use: What are the Global Challenges? Applied Health Economics and Health Policy. ISSN 1175-5652. 13, p. 35–45. doi: 10.1007/s40258-014-0145-2.
  • Svensberg, Karin Anna Evelina; Sporrong Kälvemark, Sofia; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2015). 'Because of the circumstances, we cannot develop our role': Norwegian community pharmacists' perceived responsibility in role development. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice (IJPP). ISSN 0961-7671. 23(4), p. 256–265. doi: 10.1111/ijpp.12154.
  • Håkonsen, Helle; Lees, Karine & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Cultural barriers encountered by Norwegian community pharmacists in providing service to non-Western immigrant patients. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. ISSN 2210-7703. 36(6), p. 1144–1151. doi: 10.1007/s11096-014-0005-z.
  • Ruud, Karine Wabø; Srinivas, Sunitha C. & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Knowledge of HIV and its treatment among health care providers in South Africa. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. ISSN 2210-7703. 36(2), p. 352–359. doi: 10.1007/s11096-013-9902-9.
  • Lees, Karine; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Betjening av innvandrerkunder på norske apotek. Norsk Farmaceutisk Tidsskrift. ISSN 0029-1935. 12, p. 34–34.
  • Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Cultural influences on medicine use among first-generation Pakistani immigrants in Norway. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. ISSN 0031-6970. 68(2), p. 171–178. doi: 10.1007/s00228-011-1111-7.
  • Ruud, Karine Wabø; Srinivas, Sunitha C. & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Healthcare providers' experiences with adverse drug reactions and adherence challenges in antiretroviral therapy of HIV patients in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. ISSN 0031-6970. 68(9), p. 1321–1328. doi: 10.1007/s00228-012-1254-1.
  • Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). A review of patient perspectives on generics substitution: what are the challenges for optimal drug use. GaBI Journal. ISSN 2033-6403. 1(1), p. 28–32. doi: 10.5639/gabij.2012.0101.008.

View all works in Cristin

  • Toverud, Else-Lydia & Håkonsen, Helle (2019). Generic drug policies. In Babar, Zaheer-Ud-Din (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy . Elsevier. ISSN 9780128127353. p. 130–138. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-812735-3.00319-8.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia & Håkonsen, Helle (2019). Kommuneansatte farmasøyter - en studie over deres egne erfaringer om hva disse stillingene innebærer.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2019). Oslo-farmasøyters holdninger, erfaringer og kunnskaper vedrørende antibiotikabruk.
  • Nilsen, Lars Broch & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2019). Avdekket mangler I kunnskap om antibiotika. [Business/trade/industry journal]. Dagens Medisin .
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2019). Utfordringer for innvandrere ved: - legemiddelbrul - egenbehandling av Type 2 diabetes .
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia & Håkonsen, Helle (2019). Kommunefarmasi I Norge- en studie over deres egne erfaringer om hva disse stillingene innebærer.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2018). Legemiddelbehandling - Placebo og placeboeffekt. In Bakken, Kjersti & Granås, Anne Gerd (Ed.), Samfunnsfarmasi. Fagbokforlaget. ISSN 978-82-450-2456-2. p. 291–296.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2016). Physicians' and pharmacists' perspectives on generics use. GaBI Journal. ISSN 2033-6403.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Håkonsen, Helle; Mahmood, Khadijah Q.; Taghizadeh, Najmeh; Vuljovic, Marina & Abuelmagd, Walaa (2015). Ethnic Norwegian doctors and diabetic Pakistani women in Oslo - What is the patients' need for information?
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2015). Hva trenger det norske samfunn primært fra dere som farmasøyter.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2015). Hva er placebo? Fortid og nåtid.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Abuelmagd, Walaa; Mahmood, Khadijah Q.; Taghizadeh, Najmeh; Jukovljevic, Marina & Håkonsen, Helle (2015). Diabetic Pakistani women in Oslo, Norway, and their need for information.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2015). Kulturelle forskjeller og utfordringer vedrørende legemiddelbruk i Norge idag.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2015). Eldres forhold til pakningsvedlegg for reseptfrie analgetika.
  • Vogt, Yngve & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Ramadan og svinegelatin skaper religiøse forviklinger. [Business/trade/industry journal]. Apollon.
  • Svensberg, Karin Anna Evelina; Håkonsen, Helle; Toverud, Else-Lydia & Sporrong, Sofia K (2014). Applying an Agency Framework when Studying Community Pharmacists’ Role Development. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. ISSN 1551-7411. 10(5), p. e8–e8. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2014.07.027.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Legens forhold til religiøse aspekter ved legemiddelbruk hos ikke-vestlige innvandrere. [Radio]. nrk dagsnytt.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Mange norskpakistanere tar medisinene feil. [Business/trade/industry journal]. Dagens Medisin.
  • Svensberg, Karin Anna Evelina; Håkonsen, Helle; Toverud, Else-Lydia & Sporrong Kälvemark, Sofia (2014). Applying an agent and agency framework when studying community pharmacists' role development.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Håkonsen, Helle & Abuelmagd, Walaa (2014). Ramadan og svinegelatin skaper medisinske forviklinger. www.mn.uio.no/farmasi.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Ramadan og svinegelatin skaper medisinske forviklinger. Forskning.no. ISSN 1891-635X.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Ramadan og svinegelatin skaper medisinske forviklinger. Nyhetsbrev fra Apotekforeningen.
  • Gutema, Girma Belachew; Håkonsen, Helle; Engidawork, Ephrem & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Are strategies for rational drug use of antibiotics followed by prescribers in Norwegian healthcare?
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Frykter svin I medisin. [Newspaper]. Vårt Land.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Ramadan og svinegelatin skaper religiøse forviklinger. Nyhetsbrev fra Legemiddelindustrien.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Kulturelleutfordringer for medikamentbruken.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Kulturelle utfordringer for medikamentbruken.
  • Abuelmagd, Walaa; Mahmood, Khadijah Q.; Tagizadeh, Najmeh; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Diabetic Pakistani women in Oslo: Is their need for information about their treatment fulfilled?
  • Mahmood, Khadijah Q.; Abuelmagd, Walaa; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Informasjonsbehov vedrørende diabetesbehandling hos eldre pakistanske kvinner i Oslo.
  • Abuelmagd, Walaa; Mahmood, Khadijah Q.; Tagizadeh, Najmeh; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Pakistani women's need for information about their diabetic medication - A study from Oslo, Norway where there is a large Pakistani population.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Diabetes blant pakistanske kvinner i Norge i dag. [TV]. Dagsrevyen, nrk.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Piktogrammer som en eventuell hjelp ved legemiddelbruk hos innvandrere i Norge. [Radio]. Dagsnytt, nrk.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Legemiddelbruk i Norge i dag- Kulturelle forskjeller og utfordringer.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia & Gjersvik, Petter Morten (2013). Bistand av farmasøyt i oppfølging av hjertepasienter. [Internet]. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Hartmann, Katrin & Håkonsen, Helle (2013). Physicians’ and pharmacists’ perspectives on generic drugs and generic substitution: Challenges in different parts of the world.
  • Castello, Claudio; Håkonsen, Helle; Abuelmagd, Walaa; Taghizadeh, Najmeh; Mahmood, Khadijah Q. & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Frykter alkohol og svin i medisin. [Newspaper]. Utrop.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Challenges in doing research projects regarding drug use in immigrants: Experiences from Norway.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Legemiddelbruk blant ikke-vestlige innvandrere i Norge.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Jæmlikhet i fokus på årets NSPC-møte. [Journal]. Svensk Farmaceutisk Tidsskrift nr.4 2013.
  • Kragstad, Ida K.; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Er norske pasienters holdninger til bruk av generiske legemidler avhengig av sykdommens alvorlighetsgrad?
  • Abuelmagd, Walaa; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Erfaringer norske allmennleger og farmasøyter har etter kontakt med pasienter med ikke-vestlig bakbrunn.
  • Kragstad, Ida K.; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Are patients' attitudes towards the use ogf generic drugs dependent on the severity of their illness?
  • Abuelmagd, Walaa; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Experiences of Norwegian general practitioners and pharmacists following their contact With ethnic minority patients.
  • Svensberg, Karine; Sporrong, Sofia K; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). "Because of the circumstances we cannot develop" - Norwegian community pharmacists' perceived responsibility in patient care and role development.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Hvordan kan farmasøyter bidra til riktigere legemiddelbruk i vår aldrende og flerkulturelle befolkning?
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Legemiddelbruk blant innvandrere i Norge. Kulturell og religiøs påvirkning på legemiddeletterlevelsen.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). A systematic review on physicians' and pharmacists' perceptions and experiences regarding generic substitution.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Hvor oppmerksomme er norske fastleger og farmasøyter på at religion påvirker ikke-vestlige innvandrerpasienters legemiddelbruk ? Best Practice. ISSN 1329-1874. p. 30–31.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Hartmann, Katrin & Håkonsen, Helle (2013). Physicians' and pharmacists' perspectives on generic substitution - Challenges in different parts of the world.
  • Håkonsen, Helle; Mamen, Anette Vik; Gustavsen-Krabbesund, Bjørn; Kjome, Reidun Lisbet Skeide & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Elderly patients’ need for medicines information and attitudes towards medication reviews in pharmacies.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Ramadan og svinegelatin skaper medisinske forviklinger. Nyhetsbrev fra Legemiddelindustrien.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Srinivas, Sunitha & Ruud, Karine Wabø (2012). Antiretroviral Treatment in HIV/AIDS - Patients in Norway and South Africa. Similarities ans Differences.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia & Gran, Even (2012). Vanskelig for apotekene å gi råd om homøopati. [Newspaper]. Fri Tanke (Tidsskrift for Humanetisk Forbund).
  • Skinstad, Susanne; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Allmennpraktiserende legers holdninger til og erfaringer med generisk substitusjon.
  • Lees, Karine; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Utfordringer for farmasøyter ved betjening av innvandrerkunder i norske apotek.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia & Pedersen, Tonje (2012). Legemiddelbruk blant diabetespasienter med etnisk minoritetsbakgrunn. [Newspaper]. Diabetesforum.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Utfordringer ved legemiddelbruken i Norge idag.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Social Pharmacy in the World: Progress and Collaboration.- The Development of Social Pharmacy in Norway.
  • Storvik, Anne Grete; Toverud, Else-Lydia; Håkonsen, Helle & Skinstad, Susanne (2012). Legene positive til generisk substitusjon. [Newspaper]. Dagens Medisin.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Samfunnsfarmasi. Veneficus. ISSN 0042-3351. 77.årg.(6), p. 6–7.
  • Håkonsen, Helle; Lees, Karine & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Norwegian pharmacists’ encounter with immigrant patients.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Bruker vi for mye eller for lite legemidler? Eller bruker vi legemidlene feil?
  • Vigrestad, Hallvard; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Attitudes in Norwegian patients towards drug co-payments versus reimbursement.
  • Ruud, Karine Wabø; Srinivas, Sunitha C. & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Knowledge of HIV infection and antiretroviral treatment among health care providers in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa.
  • Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Generic drug policies in the Nordic countries.
  • Vollset, Katrine; Ruud, Karine Wabø & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Prescribed drugs that can cause cardiotoxicity in HIV-patients.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Compliance hos foreldre ved cytostatikabehandling av deres kreftsyke barn.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Håkonsen, Helle & Andersen, Pål A Flodin (2011). Skeptiske til kopimedisiner. [Internet]. forskning.no.
  • Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Cultural barriers to medicine use among Pakistani immigrants in Norway.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia & Håkonsen, Helle (2019). Kommunefarmasi i Norge En studie over hva farmasøyter bidrar med og hva de mener det er behov for av farmasøytiske tjenester i kommunehelsetjenesten. Farmasøytisk institutt, UiO og Norges Farmaceutiske Forening.
  • Hassan, Samya Khalid; Toverud, Else-Lydia & Håkonsen, Helle (2019). Oslo-farmasøyters holdninger, erfaringer og kunnskaper vedrørende antibiotikabruk. Farmasøytisk institutt, UiO.
  • Ramathan, Chimen; Ramathan, Chimen & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2018). Erfaringer og holdninger vedrørende antibiotikabruk hos kurdere i Oslo. Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Toverud, Else-Lydia; Håkonsen, Helle; Abuelmagd, Walaa & Jakovljevic, Marina (2015). Betydning av piktogrammer for farmasøyter ved betjening av ikke-vestlige innvandrerkunder på norske apotek. UiO.
  • Wasfy, Hozan; Toverud, Else-Lydia & Håkonsen, Helle (2015). Informasjonsbehov vedrørende diabetesbehandling av ikke-vestlige barn samt en sammenligning av dette med behovet hos yngre, ikke-vestlige kvinner med diabetes i Norge. UiO.
  • Adnan, Esra Nahro; Toverud, Else-Lydia & Håkonsen, Helle (2015). Holdninger til bruken av generisk substitusjon hos alvorlig syke pasienter. UiO.
  • Mahmoud, Khadijah; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2014). Informasjonsbehov vedrørende diabetesbehandling hos eldre pakistanske kvinner i Oslo. Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Kragstad, Ida Kristine & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Er norske pasienters holdninger til bruk av generiske legemidler avhengig av sykdommens alvorlighetsgrad? Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Abuelmagd, Walaa & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2013). Norske pasienters erfaringer med og holdninger til pasienter med innvandrerbakgrunn samt en sammenligning av dette med tilsvarende erfaringer og holdninger hos norske farmasøyter. Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Alfonso, Rafael; Brixner, Diana; Ferraz, Marcos; Hu, Shanlian; Zoltan, Kalo & Maniadakis, Nikos [Show all 7 contributors for this article] (2013). Pharmaceutical Inter-changeability Reference Guide. Abbott Products Operations AG.
  • Lees, Karine & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Utfordringer for farmasøyter ved betjening av innvandrerkunder på norske apotek. UiO.
  • Gustavsen-Krabbesund, Bjørn & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Legemiddelsamtaler i apotek - Hvilke informasjonsbehov har eldre legemiddelbrukere i Oslo ? UiO.
  • Nguyen, Phuong Huynh & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Apotekansattes erfaringer, holdninger og kunnskaper rundt homøopatiske medisiner. UiO.
  • Mamen, Anette Vik & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Eldre menneskers ønsker og behov for legemiddelsamtaler i apotek. UiB.
  • Skinstad, Susanne & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2012). Norske allmennpraktiserende legers holdninger til og erfaringer med generisk substitusjon i apotek. UiO.
  • Vollset, Katrine; Ruud, Karine Wabø & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Legemiddelbruk blant HIV/AIDS-pasienter 2004-2009. Forskrivning av legemidler somkan øke risikoen for uheldige kardiovaskulære effekter hos HIV-pasienter. UiO.
  • Vigrestad, Hallvard; Håkonsen, Helle & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Legemiddelbrukeres holdninger til betaling av legemidler på blå resept. UiO/UiB.
  • Halvorsen, Ingvild Silderen; Ertesvåg, Åse & Toverud, Else-Lydia (2011). Yngre personers meninger om reseptfrie analgetika. En fokusgruppestudie med studenter fra Oslo. Universitetet i Oslo.

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Published Nov. 3, 2010 3:45 PM - Last modified Nov. 29, 2016 1:46 PM

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