Social Pharmacy

The research group studies problems related to rational drug use, focusing on patients as well as the society.

About the group

Drug therapy is currently a field of increasing importance and impact worldwide. Social pharmacy research focuses on the way in which drugs are used. By understanding how patients use their medicines, therapeutic treatments could be better adapted and the risk of treatment failure could be reduced.

Current Western societies are characterised by an elderly population having longer life expectancy and presenting more bothers and diseases than previously. Most of these are treated with an increasing number of powerful drugs. It is known that wrong use of drugs occurs. The reasons for it are, among others, fear of adverse drug reactions and/or drug dependence, misunderstandings, preferences for alternative therapeutic treatments, etc.

The research group focuses on the young as well as the elderly populations. Special focus is given to chronic patients and ethnic minorities. Cardiovascular and psychotropic drugs, as well as analgesics and drugs for HIV are the classes of drugs investigated by the group. Additional research is done about attitudes and knowledge among healthcare professionals (pharmacists, physicians and nurses) whenever drug use is concerned.

Pharmacoeconomic issues are also central topics of the group’s research.

Research areas

The group is conducting research within the following two main areas:



  • Anti-Doping Norway
  • Norwegian Pharmacy Association
  • Institute of Health and Society, The Medical Faculty, University of Oslo
  • International Health and Social Group (IHSG)
  • Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Department of Infectious disease
  • Centre for Pharmacy, University of Bergen


  • Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, Sør-Afrika

Academic programmes and courses


Published Nov. 8, 2010 11:59 PM - Last modified Oct. 28, 2013 11:58 AM


Group leader:

Else-Lydia Toverud


Detailed list of participants