Sem Sælands vei 24
This wine seminar reports on a field expedition/worskhop in the northern Patagonian Andes that involved 8 PGP people. The menu of the presentation is: volcanoes, amazing geology, stunning landscape, condors, gauchos and… Asado!!! The presenters are, so far and not in order: - Olivier - Maya (to confirm) - Alban - Frank - Håvard.
Stefan Hofmann, LMU Munich
A relativistic framework for describing black-hole interiors as bound states of a large number of quantum constituents will be presented. The macroscopic and microscopic description can be linked via a simple scaling law relating the black-hole mass to the number of black-hole constituents.
(The slides will be available after the talk).
Trial lecture: Directional Solidification of Metallic Alloys: From Dendrites and Seaweeds, to Casts and Turbine Plates (10:15)
Dissertation: Non-equilibrium pattern formation in reactive channel flow (13:15)
Felix Ritort (Facultat de Física, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain and Ciber-BBN of Biomaterials and Nanomedicine, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain) will talk about his research on statisical physics tools applied to single molecule experiments in biophysics.
Piero Ullio, SISSA (Trieste)
The dark matter puzzle is one of deepest and longest-standing problems in Science. While there is overwhelming evidence that dark matter is the building block of all structures in the Universe, its nature remains unknown.
There are several theoretical frameworks predicting that dark matter halos - including the halo of our own galaxy - are made of particles which can annihilate in pairs or decay into ordinary Standard Model states, giving rise to exotic astrophysical signals.
The focus in recent years has been in particular on the search for exotic components with gamma- and cosmic-ray observatories, with a dramatic improvement in quality and coverage of the available data.
Unfortunately, for none of the originally proposed targets a dark matter signal stands clearly above backgrounds from standard astrophysical sources: it is then apparent that to keep exploiting these channels as efficient tools to either discover dark matter or set constraints on dark matter candidates, a closer addressing of signals and backgrounds are needed.
We illustrate this point for two targets, the Galactic center and dwarfs satellites which most recently have been highlighted, respectively, as most promising for a tentative detection and most constraining on particle dark matter models.
Björn Herrmann, LAPTh (Annecy)
A powerful tool to constrain a new physics model is to predict the relic density of dark matter and compare it to the recent limits published by Planck in order to identify (dis)favoured regions of parameter space. After reviewing the standard calculation of the dark matter relic density in the freeze-out picture, I will discuss several uncertainties entering this calculation. Focusing then on the particle physics aspects, I will consider the case of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model and present the project DM@NLO, which aims at improving the preciction of the neutralino relic density by including radiative corrections to the (co)annihilation cross-section of the dark matter candidate. In particular, I will show that the impact of these corrections can be numerically larger than the current experimental uncertainty on cosmological data.
(The slides are now available).
Bjarte Aarseth (The viking ship museum, Museum of Cultural History, UiO) will present us his work on 3D scanning and digital visualisation of Vikingship and Norwegian icons.
Joachim Kopp, University of Mainz
We consider two scenarios in which the first experimental hint for the particle physics nature of dark matter (DM) comes from highly boosted DM particles. The first scenario interprets the high energy events observed in IceCube as a signal of PeV DM decaying to a much lighter state, which in turn is detected in IceCube. The model explains the event rate and spectrum observed in IceCube, it shows a preference for shower-like events at the highest energies, and it features a small dip in the spectrum at few hundred TeV. The second scenario is a very generic dark photon model. We point out that DM production at the LHC can be accompanied by final state radiation in the form of "dark photons", which decay back to SM particles. We discuss this process analytically and numerically in analogy to collinear particle showers in QED and QCD. The smoking gun signal of this "radiating DM" scenario are collimated jets or lepton jets with unusual properties.
(The slides are now available.)
Are you also curious to know what research is brewing on the other side of the hall in PGP-AMKS group? Please join us to listen to short talks by our new colleagues, and to look at some posters!
Fei Liu (Physics of Complex Fluids, Dept. Science and Technology University of Twente, The Netherlands) has applied for a PostDoc funded by an ERC (Bjørn Jamtveit) to work at PGP on measuring surface forces between minerals and fluids using AFM and SFA.
Bryan Webber, University of Cambridge
Tests of the Standard Model and searches for new phenomena at the Large Hadron Collider depend heavily on computer simulations of signal and background processes. Monte Carlo event generators aim to simulate the final states of high-energy collisions in full detail, down to the level of individual stable particles. The talk will review the physics behind these programs, their main ingredients and theoretical status, with emphasis on recent work to improve their precision. Comparisons with the latest LHC data will illustrate these developments, and the places where further improvements are needed.
(The Slides are now available)
Sam Poppe, PhD student at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, will present his work on "X-raying an unusual patient : imaging analogue experiments of volcanic intrusions using X-ray Computed Tomography".
Andreas Carlson (Dept of Mathematics, UiO) will present us his work.
Gabrijela Zaharijas, University of Nova Gorica
The Isotropic Gamma-ray Background (IGRB) up to 820 GeV has been recently measured by the Fermi LAT using 50 months of data. Understanding the origin of this IGRB is a crucial task that requires to identify and model possible contributions in detail. Dark matter annihilation signals integrated over all cosmic epochs have been proposed to account for a portion of the measured IGRB intensity. I will discuss the theoretical predictions for the clustering of dark matter signal and refined predictions for the contribution of the unresolved astrophysical source populations to the IGRB. We use these ingredients to set the limits on the dark matter annihilation cross section which turn out to be comparable to the ones set by the observation of dwarf spheroidal galaxies and Milky Way halo for sub-TeV dark matter masses, while they improve upon them at the high mass end due to the significant energy extension of the isotropic measurement. In addition I will compare these finding with complementary techniques which probe the cosmological dark matter annihilations, as those of the small scale angular anisotropies and gamma ray cross correlations with galaxy catalogs.
(Slides are now available)
Erik Fooladi (Høgskulen i Volda) will talk about food, gastronomy and sciences.
* Note that the seminar will exceptionnaly be at 14:15! *
David Mota, ITA
Several extensions of the standard cosmological model include scalar fields as new degrees of freedom in the underlying gravitational theory. A particular class of these scalar field theories include screening mechanisms intended to hide the scalar field below observational limits in the solar system, but not on galactic scales, where data still gives freedom to find possible signatures of their presence. I describe how one can use structure formation to study screening mechanisms in extensions to General Relativity. In particular, I will present observable signatures of modified gravity in the nonlinear matter power spectrum, on the halo mass function and other properties of galaxy clusters. Those would help us to discriminate between models with and without scalar fields and even between different screening mechanisms.
(The slides are now available)
Dr. Terry Onsager, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA/Space Weather Prediction Center, USA.
David Fonseca Mota from the Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics at UiO will present us his work. He comes for the second time in our group, and he will present us the second part of his talk (see the complete summary under).
Kåre Olaussen, NTNU Trondheim
After 100 years people are still trying to modify (or mutilate) the Einstein General Theory of Relativity. I will first give a general overview of various possibilities, as I learned at a workshop this summer.
Next I will discuss in more detail the possibility of a non-minimal coupling of Einstein gravity to scalar fields, and some modest computations I have done with a master student on that model (in the Robertson-Walker geometry).
The presentation will mainly be aimed at an audience with limited experience with general relativity.
(Slides will be available after the talk).
Ben Rogers, Geology MESci Student at the University of Liverpool, will present his work on "Magma ascent in layered elastic media: insights from field studies and analogue experiments".
Ipsita Mandal, Perimeter institute
We devise a renormalization group analysis for quantum field theories with Fermi surface to study scaling behaviour of non-Fermi liquid states in a controlled approximation. The non-Fermi liquid fixed points are identified from a Fermi surface in (m+1) spatial dimensions, while the co-dimension of Fermi surface is also extended to a generic value. We also study superconducting instability in such systems as a function of dimension and co-dimension of the Fermi surface. The key point in this whole analysis is that unlike in relativistic QFT, the Fermi momentum kF enters as a dimensionful parameter, thus modifying the naive scaling arguments. The effective coupling constants are found to be combinations of the original coupling constants and kF.
The slides are now available.
Endre Joachim Mossige (Mathematic Department, UiO/Trilobite Microsystems, Kristiansand, Norway), will present us some aspects of his PhD work.
Tomás Gonzalo, University College London
Grand Unified Theories are a very well motivated extension of the Standard Model, but the landscape of models and possibilities is overwhelming, and different patterns present rather distinct and unique phenomenology. We present in this work a way to automatise the model building process, by considering a top-bottom approach that constructs viable and sensible theories from a small and controllable set of inputs at the high scale. By providing a GUT scale symmetry group and the field content, all the possible symmetry breaking paths are generated and checked for consistency, ensuring anomaly cancellation and Standard Model embedding. We emphasise the usefulness of this process for various models such as a Supersymmetric SO(10) model, a non-SUSY left-right symmetry model or a theory of GUT inflation.
(Slides are now available).
Oliver Plümper, Assistant Professor at Utrecht University, will present his work on "The nanoscience of geological processes: From fault friction to reactive fluid flow".