Gallery of Abrikosov Lattices in Superconductors

1957:   Theoretical Prediction of Vortices in Type-II Superconductors
    A. A. Abrikosov,   Institute of Physical Problems, USSR
Soviet Physics JETP 5, 1174 (1957)

2003:   Nobel prize to A. A. Abrikosov
    for pioneering contribution to the theory of superconductors



first image of Vortex lattice  

First image of Vortex lattice, 1967

Bitter Decoration
Pb-4at%In rod, 1.1K, 195G

U. Essmann and H. Trauble
Max-Planck Institute, Stuttgart
Physics Letters 24A, 526 (1967)



Vortex lattice in HTSC  

Vortex lattice in high-Tc superconductor, 1987

Bitter Decoration
YBa2Cu3O7 crystal, 4.2K, 52G

P. L. Gammel et al.
Bell Labs
Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2592 (1987)



STM image of Abrikosov Vortex lattice  

STM image of Vortex lattice, 1989

Scanning Tunnel Microscopy
NbSe2, 1T, 1.8K

H. F. Hess et al.
Bell Labs
Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 214 (1989)



Vortex chains  

Vortex chains in tilted field, 1991

Bitter Decoration
Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O crystal, 35G tilted by 70 degrees

C. A. Bolle et al.
Bell Labs
Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 112 (1991)



Vortex lattice seen by Lorentz Microscopy  

Imaging Vortex lattice with Lorentz Microscopy, 1992

Lorentz Microscopy
Nb film

K. Harada et al.
Hitachi Lab
Nature 360, 51 (1992)



Imaging Vortices with Magnetic Force Microscopy  

Imaging Vortices with Magnetic Force Microscopy, 1995

Magnetic Force Microscopy
YBa2Cu3O7 film, 1.7G, 1.3K

A. Moser et al.
University of Basel
Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1847 (1995)



Vortices in superconductor near flux front  

Gradient of Vortex density, 1995

Bitter Decoration
NbSe2 crystal, 30G, 1.2K, area near the edge

M. Marchevsky et al.
University of Leiden
Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2400 (1995)



Flux quanta trapped in holes  

Vortices trapped in holes in Nb film, 1996

Bitter Decoration
Nb film with periodic array of holes, 6.4G, 4.2K

A. Bezryadin et al.
Phys. Rev. B 53, 8553 (1996)



Half flux quanta at  the tricrystal point  

Scanning SQUID Microscopy of half-integer vortex, 1996

Scanning SQUID Microscopy
YBaCuO grown on tricrystal substrate

J. R. Kirtley et al.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1336 (1996)



Magnetic vortices in pinning arrays


Vortex lattice in film with artificial periodic pinning, 1996

Lorentz Microscopy
Nb film with artificial periodic pinning, 60G, 4.5K

K. Harada et al.
Science 274, 1167 (1996)



Scanning Hall probe images of Vortices  

Scanning Hall probe images of Vortices, 1997

Scanning Hall probes
YBaCuO film, 1000G

A. Oral et al.
University of Bath
Supercond. Sci. Technol. 10, 17 (1997)



Moving Bragg glass  

Moving Bragg glass, 1998

Bitter Decoration
NbSe2 crystal, 20G, velocity of vortices is 0.2 micron/sec

F. Pardo et al.
Bariloche, Argentina
Nature 396, 348 (1998)



STM of driven vortex lattice  

STM of driven vortex lattice, 1999

Scanning Tunnel Microscopy
NbSe2, 1.9T, 4.3K

A.M.Troyanovski et al.
Leiden University
Nature 399, 665 (1999)



Scanning Hall probe image of Vortex chain  

Scanning Hall probe image of Vortex chain, 2001

Scanning Hall probes
Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 crystal, 81K, tilted field: c-axis field 2G, in-plane field 27G

A. Grigorenko et al.
University of Bath
Nature 414, 728 (2001)



Vortex domains in periodic pinning array  

Vortex configurations in periodic pinning array, 2000

Scanning Hall probes
Nb film with holes on a square lattice, half matching field

S. B. Field et al.
Colorado State University
Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067003 (2002)



Abrikosov vortices seen with Low-Temperature SEM  

Low-Temperature Scanning Electron Microscopy, 2001

Low-Temperature Scanning Electron Microscopy
YBaCuO film patterned as SQUID, 0.2G, 77K

R. Straub et al.
University of Tuebingen
Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3645 (2001)



Magneto-optical image of Vortex lattice  

Magneto-optical image of Vortex lattice, 2001

Magneto-Optical Imaging
NbSe2 crystal, 4.3K, 3G

P.E. Goa et al.
University of Oslo
Supercond. Sci. Technol. 14, 729 (2001)



STM image of Vortex Lattice in MgB2


Vortices in MgB2, 2002

Scanning Tunnel Spectroscopy
MgB2 crystal, 2K, 2000G

M. R. Eskildsen et al.
University of Geneva
Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187003 (2002)



Magnetic-force microscopy of vortices


Magnetic-force microscopy of Vortex Lattice, 2002

Magnetic Force Microscopy
Nb film, 40G, 4.3K

A. Volodin et al.
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Europhys. Lett. 58, 582 (2002)



Vortex lattice in MgB2  

Abrikosov lattice in MgB2, 2003

Bitter Decoration
MgB2 crystal, 200G

L. Ya. Vinnikov et al.
Institute of Solid State Physics, Chernogolovka
Phys. Rev. B 67, 092512 (2003)


Published Nov. 30, 2010 2:54 PM - Last modified Oct. 26, 2018 11:11 AM