Bernhard Steinberger

Image of Bernhard Steinberger
Norwegian version of this page
Visiting address Sem Sælands vei 2A ZEB-bygget 0371 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 1028 Blindern 0316 OSLO

Academic interests:

  • Geodynamic modelling of large-scale mantle flow
  • Relation of mantle flow and geoid, topography and volcanism on Earth, Venus, Mars and Moon
  • Global reference frames for plate tectonics
  • True polar wander


GEO4630  - Geodynamics (also teached as a Ph.D course GEO9630)

Higher education and employment history:

1990 - 1996 M.Sc. and Ph.D studies, Harvard University
1996 - 1997 Postdoctoral Fellow, Inst. Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica
1997 - 2001 Postdoctoral Fellow, Inst. Meteorology & Geophysics, Univ. Frankfurt
2001 - 2002 Visiting Fellow, CIRES, Univ. Colorado at Boulder
2002 - 2002 and 2004/08 Visiting Researcher, Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Univ. Bayreuth
2002 - 2004 Researcher, IFREE, JAMSTEC, Yokosuka
2004 - 2009 Researcher, Sentrum for Geodynamikk, NGU, Trondheim
2009 - 2012 Professor II, Physics of Geological Processes, University of Oslo
since 2009 Researcher, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam
since 2013 Researcher, Centre for Earth Evolution and Dynamics, University of Oslo

Other (and main) affiliation:

Researcher, Section 2.5 Geodynamic Modelling, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam


  • Steinberger, Bernhard; Bredow, Eva; Lebedev, Sergei; Schaeffer, Andrew & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2019). Widespread volcanism in the Greenland–North Atlantic region explained by the Iceland plume. Nature Geoscience.  ISSN 1752-0894.  12, s 61- 68 . doi: 10.1038/s41561-018-0251-0
  • Steinberger, Bernhard; Conrad, Clinton Phillips; Osei Tutu, Anthony & Hoggard, Mark J. (2019). On the amplitude of dynamic topography at spherical harmonic degree two. Tectonophysics.  ISSN 0040-1951. . doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.11.032 Show summary
  • Adhikari, Surendra; Caron, Lambert; Steinberger, Bernhard; Reager, John T.; Kjeldsen, Kristian K.; Marzeion, Ben; Larour, Eric & Ivins, Erik R. (2018). What drives 20th century polar motion?. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.  ISSN 0012-821X.  502, s 126- 132 . doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.08.059
  • Bredow, Eva & Steinberger, Bernhard (2018). Variable Melt Production Rate of the Kerguelen HotSpot Due To Long-Term Plume-Ridge Interaction. Geophysical Research Letters.  ISSN 0094-8276.  45(1), s 126- 136 . doi: 10.1002/2017GL075822
  • Chertova, Mariya V.; Spakman, Wim & Steinberger, Bernhard (2018). Mantle flow influence on subduction evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.  ISSN 0012-821X.  489, s 258- 266 . doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.02.038
  • Eshagh, Mehdi; Steinberger, Bernhard; Tenzer, Robert & Tassara, Andres (2018). Comparison of gravimetric and mantle flow solutions for sub-lithopsheric stress modeling and their combination. Geophysical Journal International.  ISSN 0956-540X.  213(2), s 1013- 1028 . doi: 10.1093/gji/ggy033
  • Konrad, Kevin; Koppers, Anthony A.P.; Steinberger, Bernhard; Finlayson, Valerie A.; Konter, Jasper G. & Jackson, Matthew G. (2018). On the relative motions of long-lived Pacific mantle plumes. Nature Communications.  ISSN 2041-1723.  9 . doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-03277-x
  • Osei Tutu, Anthony; Sobolev, Stephan V.; Steinberger, Bernhard; Popov, A.A. & Rogozhina, Irina (2018). Evaluating the Influence of Plate Boundary Friction and Mantle Viscosity on Plate Velocities. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  19(3), s 642- 666 . doi: 10.1002/2017GC007112
  • Osei Tutu, Anthony; Steinberger, Bernhard; Sobolev, Stephan V.; Rogozhina, Irina & Popov, Anton A. (2018). Effects of upper mantle heterogeneities on the lithospheric stress field and dynamic topography. Solid Earth (SE).  ISSN 1869-9510.  9(3), s 649- 668 . doi: 10.5194/se-9-649-2018
  • Rolf, Tobias; Steinberger, Bernhard; Uppalapati, Sruthi & Werner, Stephanie C. (2018). Inferences on the mantle viscosity structure and the post-overturn evolutionary state of Venus. Icarus (New York, N.Y. 1962).  ISSN 0019-1035.  313, s 107- 123 . doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2018.05.014
  • Steinberger, Bernhard & Becker, Thorsten W. (2018). A comparison of lithospheric thickness models. Tectonophysics.  ISSN 0040-1951.  746, s 325- 338 . doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.08.001
  • Bredow, Eva; Steinberger, Bernhard; Gassmöller, René & Dannberg, Juliane (2017). How plume-ridge interaction shapes the crustal thickness pattern of the Reunion hotspot track. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  18(8), s 2930- 2948 . doi: 10.1002/2017GC006875 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Ghosh, Attreyee; Thyagarajulu, G. & Steinberger, Bernhard (2017). The Importance of Upper Mantle Heterogeneity in Generating the Indian Ocean Geoid Low. Geophysical Research Letters.  ISSN 0094-8276.  44(19), s 9707- 9715 . doi: 10.1002/2017GL075392
  • Steinberger, Bernhard; Seidel, Miriam-Lisanne & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2017). Limited true polar wander as evidence that Earth's nonhydrostatic shape is persistently triaxial. Geophysical Research Letters.  ISSN 0094-8276.  44(2), s 827- 834 . doi: 10.1002/2016GL071937 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Doubrovine, Pavel; Steinberger, Bernhard; Gaina, Carmen; Spakman, Wim & Domeier, Mathew (2017). Pacific plate motion change caused the Hawaiian-Emperor Bend. Nature Communications.  ISSN 2041-1723.  8 . doi: 10.1038/ncomms15660 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Yuan, Xiaohui; Heit, Benjamin; Brune, Sascha; Steinberger, Bernhard; Geissler, Wolfram H.; Jokat, Wilfried & Weber, Michael (2017). Seismic structure of the lithosphere beneath NW Namibia: Impact of the Tristan da Cunha mantle plume. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  18(1), s 125- 141 . doi: 10.1002/2016GC006645 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Doubrovine, Pavel; Steinberger, Bernhard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2016). A failure to reject: Testing the correlation between large igneous provinces and deep mantle structures with EDF statistics. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  17(3), s 1130- 1163 . doi: 10.1002/2015GC006044 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Gassmöller, René; Dannberg, Juliane; Bredow, Eva; Steinberger, Bernhard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2016). Major influence of plume-ridge interaction, lithosphere thickness variations, and global mantle flow on hotspot volcanism - The example of Tristan. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  17(4), s 1454- 1479 . doi: 10.1002/2015GC006177 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Rogozhina, Irina; Petrunin, Alexey G; Vaughan, Alan P M; Steinberger, Bernhard; Johnson, Jesse V; Kaban, Mikhail K; Calov, Reinhard; Rickers, Florian; Thomas, Maik & Koulakov, Ivan (2016). Melting at the base of the Greenland ice sheet explained by Iceland hotspot history. Nature Geoscience.  ISSN 1752-0894.  9(5), s 366- 369 . doi: 10.1038/ngeo2689 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Steinberger, Bernhard (2016). Topography caused by mantle density variations: Observation-based estimates and models derived from tomography and lithosphere thickness. Geophysical Journal International.  ISSN 0956-540X.  205(1), s 604- 621 . doi: 10.1093/gji/ggw040 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Steinberger, Bernhard; Ashwal, Lewis D.; Doubrovine, Pavel & Trønnes, Reidar G (2016). Earth evolution and dynamics—a tribute to Kevin Burke. Canadian journal of earth sciences (Print).  ISSN 0008-4077.  53(11), s 1073- 1087 . doi: 10.1139/cjes-2015-0228 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Mulyukova, Elvira; Steinberger, Bernhard; Dabrowski, Marcin & Sobolev, Stephan V. (2015). Survival of LLSVPs for billions of years in a vigorously convecting mantle: Replenishment and destruction of chemical anomaly. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences.  ISSN 2169-8953.  120(5), s 3824- 3847 . doi: 10.1002/2014JB011688 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Steinberger, Bernhard; Spakman, Wim; Japsen, Peter & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2015). The key role of global solid-Earth processes in preconditioning Greenland’s glaciation since the Pliocene.. Terra Nova.  ISSN 0954-4879.  27(1), s 1- 8 . doi: 10.1111/ter.12133 Show summary
  • Steinberger, Bernhard; Zhao, Dapeng & Werner, Stephanie C. (2015). Interior structure of the Moon: Constraints from seismic tomography, gravity and topography. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors.  ISSN 0031-9201.  245, s 26- 39 . doi: 10.1016/j.pepi.2015.05.005 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Amundsen, Hans E. Foss; Trønnes, Reidar G; Doubrovine, Pavel; Gaina, Carmen; Kusznir, Nick J.; Steinberger, Bernhard; Corfu, Fernando; Ashwal, Lewis D.; Griffin, Wiiliam L.; Werner, Stephanie C. & Jamtveit, Bjørn (2015). Continental crust beneath southeast Iceland. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.  ISSN 0027-8424.  112(15), s E1818- E1827 . doi: 10.1073/pnas.1423099112 Show summary
  • Steinberger, Bernhard; Gassmöller, René; Trumbull, Robert; Weber, Michael & Sobolev, Stephan V. (2014). Manteldynamik und das Aufbrechen von Gondwana. System Erde.  ISSN 2191-8589.  2, s 14- 19 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Van Der Voo, R; Doubrovine, Pavel; Burke, K; Steinberger, Bernhard; Ashwal, LD; Trønnes, Reidar G; Webb, SJ & Bull, Abigail (2014). Deep mantle structure as a reference frame for movements in and on the Earth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.  ISSN 0027-8424.  111(24), s 8735- 8740 . doi: 10.1073/pnas.1318135111
  • Conrad, Clinton P.; Steinberger, Bernard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2013). Stability of active mantle upwelling revealed by net characteristics of plate tectonics. Nature.  ISSN 0028-0836.  498(7455), s 479- 482 . doi: 10.1038/nature12203 Full text in Research Archive.
  • O'Connor, John M.; Steinberger, Bernhard; Regelous, Marcel; Koppers, Anthony A.P.; Wijbrans, Jan R.; Haase, Karsten M.; Stoffers, Peter; Jokat, Wilfried & Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter (2013). Constraints on past plate and mantle motion from new ages for the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  14(10), s 4564- 4584 . doi: 10.1002/ggge.20267 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Amundsen, Hans; Hartz, Ebbe Hvidegård; Corfu, Fernando; Kusznir, Nick; Gaina, Carmen; Dubrovin, Pavel; Steinberger, Bernard; Ashwal, Lewis D. & Jamtveit, Bjørn (2013). A Precambrian microcontinent in the Indian Ocean. Nature Geoscience.  ISSN 1752-0894.  6(3), s 223- 227 . doi: 10.1038/ngeo1736 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Biggin, Andrew J.; Steinberger, Bernard; Aubert, Julien; Suttie, Neil; Holme, Richard; Torsvik, Trond Helge; van der Meer, Douwe G. & Van Hinsbergen, Douwe (2012). Possible links between long-term geomagnetic variations and whole-mantle convection processes. Nature Geoscience.  ISSN 1752-0894.  5(8), s 526- 533 . doi: 10.1038/NGEO1521
  • Buiter, Susanne; Steinberger, Bernard; Medvedev, Sergei & Tetreault, Joya L. (2012). Could the mantle have caused subsidence of the Congo Basin?. Tectonophysics.  ISSN 0040-1951.  514, s 62- 80 . doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2011.09.024
  • Burke, Kevin; Werner, Stephanie; Steinberger, Bernard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2012). Why is the areoid like the residual geoid?. Geophysical Research Letters.  ISSN 0094-8276.  39(17) . doi: 10.1029/2012GL052701
  • Faccenna, Claudio; Becker, Thorsten W.; Lallemand, Serge & Steinberger, Bernard (2012). On the role of slab pull in the Cenozoic motion of the Pacific plate. Geophysical Research Letters.  ISSN 0094-8276.  39 . doi: 10.1029/2011GL050155
  • Steinberger, Bernard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2012). A geodynamic model of plumes from the margins of Large Low Shear Velocity Provinces. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  13(1) . doi: 10.1029/2011GC003808
  • Steinberger, Bernard; Torsvik, Trond Helge & Becker, Thorsten W. (2012). Subduction to the lower mantle - a comparison between geodynamic and tomographic models. Solid Earth.  ISSN 1869-9510.  3(2), s 415- 432 . doi: 10.5194/se-3-415-2012
  • Steinberger, Bernard; Torsvik, Trond Helge & Dubrovin, Pavel (2012). Absolute plate motions in a reference frame defined by moving hot spots in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth.  ISSN 2169-9313.  117 . doi: 10.1029/2011JB009072
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Van der Voo, Rob; Preeden, Ulla; Mac Niocaill, Conall; Steinberger, Bernard; Van Hinsbergen, Douwe; Domeier, Mathew; Gaina, Carmen; Tohver, Eric; Meert, Joseph G.; McCausland, Phil J. A.; Cocks, Robin L. M. & Dubrovin, Pavel (2012). Phanerozoic polar wander, palaeogeography and dynamics. Earth-Science Reviews.  ISSN 0012-8252.  114(3-4), s 325- 368 . doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2012.06.007
  • Lee, Choon-Ki; Han, Shin-Chan & Steinberger, Bernard (2011). Influence of variable uncertainties in seismic tomography models on constraining mantle viscosity from geoid observations. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors.  ISSN 0031-9201.  184(1-2), s 51- 62 . doi: 10.1016/j.pepi.2010.10.012
  • Van Hinsbergen, Douwe; Steinberger, Bernard; Gassmöller, René & Dubrovin, Pavel (2011). Acceleration and deceleration of India-Asia convergence since the Cretaceous: Roles of mantle plumes and continental collision. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth.  ISSN 2169-9313.  116 . doi: 10.1029/2010JB008051
  • Steinberger, Bernard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2010). Toward an explanation for the present and past locations of the poles. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  ISSN 1525-2027.  11 . doi: 10.1029/2009GC002889
  • Steinberger, Bernard; Werner, Stephanie & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2010). Deep versus shallow origin of gravity anomalies, topography and volcanism on Earth, Venus and Mars. Icarus (New York, N.Y. 1962).  ISSN 0019-1035.  207(2), s 564- 577 . doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.12.025
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Burke, K; Steinberger, Bernard; Webb, Susan J & Ashwal, Lewis D. (2010). Diamonds sampled by plumes from the core-mantle boundary. Nature.  ISSN 0028-0836.  466(7304), s 352- U100 . doi: 10.1038/nature09216 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Steinberger, Bernard; Gurnis, M & Gaina, Carmen (2010). Plate tectonics and net lithosphere rotation over the past 150 My. Earth and Planetary Science Letters.  ISSN 0012-821X.  291(1-4), s 106- 112 . doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.12.055 Full text in Research Archive.

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  • Rolf, Tobias; Steinberger, Bernhard & Werner, Stephanie C. (2015). On the origin of Venus' unusual gravity spectrum.
  • Rolf, Tobias; Steinberger, Bernhard & Werner, Stephanie C. (2015). On the origin of Venus' unusual gravity spectrum.
  • Conrad, Clinton P.; Steinberger, Bernhard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2014). Dynamic Topography and Sea Level Change Inferred from Dipole and Quadrupole Moments of Plate Tectonic Reconstructions.
  • Steinberger, Bernhard; Spakman, Wim; Japsen, Peter & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2014). The key role of global solid-Earth processes in the onset of Northern Hemisphere glaciations.
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Van der Voo, Rob; Burke, Kevin; Steinberger, Bernhard & Domeier, Mathew (2014). Deep Mantle Structure As a Reference Frame for Absolute Plate Motions.
  • Conrad, Clinton P.; Steinberger, Bernhard & Torsvik, Trond Helge (2013). Does quadrupole stability imply LLSVP fixity? Reply. Nature.  ISSN 0028-0836.  503(E4) . doi: 10.1038/nature12793
  • Steinberger, Bernhard (2013). Dynamic Topography, In Scott A. Elias (ed.),  Encyclopedia of Ecology: Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences.  Elsevier.  ISBN 978-0-12-409548-9.  doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.09487-2. Show summary
  • Steinberger, Bernhard & Werner, Stephanie C. (2013). Mantle dynamics models for Venus - comparison of spatial and spectral characteristics of inferred gravity anomalies and topography with observations.
  • Torsvik, Trond Helge; Doubrovine, Pavel & Steinberger, Bernhard (2013). PALEOMAGNETISM, LONGITUDE AND TRUE POLAR WANDER. Show summary

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Published Nov. 27, 2014 1:07 PM - Last modified Nov. 27, 2014 1:14 PM