Elisabeth Alve

Image of Elisabeth Alve
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47 22857333
Room 310B
Visiting address Sem Sælands vei 1 Geologibygningen 0371 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 1047 Blindern 0316 OSLO

Academic Interests

  • Environmental geology, micropaleontology and stratigraphy
  • Benthic foraminiferal ecology, paleoecology and taphonomy


Higher education and employment history

  • 1999 -: Professor in micropaleontology, Dept. of Geosciences, UiO
  • 1995 - 1999: Associate Professor, Dept. of Geology, UiO
  • 1994 - 1995: Scientist under contract of the Norwegian Geological Survey (NGU) and Institute of Marine Research, Bergen
  • 1991 - 1993: NAVF Postdoctoral Researcher, Dept. of Geology, UiO
  • 1991: Dr. scient., Dept. of Geology, University of Oslo (UiO)
Tags: Geology, Environmental geology, Micropalaeontology, Stratigraphy, Benthic foraminifera


  • Hess, Silvia; Alve, Elisabeth; Andersen, Thorbjørn J. & Joranger, Tore (2020). Defining ecological reference conditions in naturally stressed environments – How difficult is it?. Marine Environmental Research.  ISSN 0141-1136.  156 . doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.104885
  • Deldicq, Noemie; Alve, Elisabeth; Schweizer, Magali; Asteman, Irina Polovodova; Hess, Silvia; Darling, Kate & Bouchet, Vincent Marcel Pierre (2019). History of the introduction of a species resembling the benthic foraminifera nonionella stella in the oslofjord (Norway): Morphological, molecular and paleo-ecological evidences. Aquatic Invasions.  ISSN 1798-6540.  14(2), s 182- 205 . doi: 10.3391/ai.2019.14.2.03 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Bouchet, Vincent MP; Telford, Richard J; Rygg, Brage; Oug, Eivind & Alve, Elisabeth (2018). Can benthic foraminifera serve as proxies for changes in benthic macrofaunal community structure? Implications for the definition of reference conditions. Marine Environmental Research.  ISSN 0141-1136.  137, s 24- 36 . doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.02.023 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Hess, Silvia; Bouchet, Vincent M P; Dolven, Jane K & Rygg, Brage (2018). Intercalibration of benthic foraminiferal and macrofaunal biotic indices: An example from the Norwegian Skagerrak coast (NE North Sea). Ecological Indicators.  ISSN 1470-160X.  96, s 107- 115 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.08.037 Show summary
  • Duffield, Christopher James; Alve, Elisabeth; Andersen, Nils; Andersen, Thorbjørn J.; Hess, Silvia & Strohmeier, Tore (2017). Spatial and temporal organic carbon burial along a fjord to coast transect: A case study from Western Norway. The Holocene.  ISSN 0959-6836.  27(9), s 1325- 1339 . doi: 10.1177/0959683617690588 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Duffield, CJ; Alve, Elisabeth; Andersen, N; Andersen, TJ; Hess, Silvia & Strohmeier, Tore (2017). Spatial and temporal organic carbon burial along a fjord to coast transect: A case study from Western Norway. The Holocene.  ISSN 0959-6836. . doi: 10.1177/0959683617690588
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Korsun, Sergei; Schönfeld, Joachim; Dijkstra, Noortje; Golikova, Elena; Hess, Silvia; Husum, Katrine & Panieri, Giuliana (2016). Foram-AMBI: A sensitivity index based on benthic foraminiferal faunas from North-East Atlantic and Arctic fjords, continental shelves and slopes. Marine Micropaleontology.  ISSN 0377-8398.  122, s 1- 12 . doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2015.11.001
  • Murray, John W. & Alve, Elisabeth (2016). Benthic foraminiferal biogeography in NW European fjords: A baseline for assessing future change. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.  ISSN 0272-7714.  181, s 218- 230 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2016.08.014
  • Duffield, Christopher James; Hess, Silvia; Norling, Karl & Alve, Elisabeth (2015). The response of Nonionella iridea and other benthic foraminifera to "fresh" organic matter enrichment and physical disturbance. Marine Micropaleontology.  ISSN 0377-8398.  120, s 20- 30 . doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2015.08.002
  • Alve, Elisabeth & Goldstein, Susan T. (2014). The propagule method as an experimental tool in foraminiferal ecology, In Hiroshi Kitazato & Joan M. Bernhard (ed.),  Approaches to study living foraminifera. Collection, maintenance and experimentation.  Springer Science+Business Media B.V..  ISBN 978-4-431-54388-6.  Chapter 1.  s 1 - 12
  • Duffield, Christopher James & Alve, Elisabeth (2014). A tray designed to improve the wet-picking method. Journal of Micropalaeontology.  ISSN 0262-821X.  33(1), s 105- 107 . doi: 10.1144/jmpaleo2013-026
  • Duffield, Christopher James; Edvardsen, Bente; Eikrem, Wenche & Alve, Elisabeth (2014). Effects of different potential food sources on upper-bathyal benthic foraminifera: an experiment with propagules. Journal of Foraminiferal Research.  ISSN 0096-1191.  44(4), s 416- 433 . doi: 10.2113/gsjfr.44.4.416
  • Hess, Silvia; Alve, Elisabeth & S. Reuss, Nina (2014). Benthic foraminiferal recovery in the Oslofjord (Norway): Responses to capping and re-oxygenation. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.  ISSN 0272-7714.  147, s 87- 102 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2014.05.012
  • Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne; Alve, Elisabeth; Rygg, Brage & Magnusson, Jan (2013). Defining past ecological status and in situ reference conditions using benthic foraminifera: A case study from the Oslofjord, Norway. Ecological Indicators.  ISSN 1470-160X.  29, s 219- 233 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.12.031
  • Hess, Silvia; Alve, Elisabeth; Trannum, Hilde Cecilie & Norling, Karl (2013). Benthic foraminiferal responses to water-based drill cuttings and natural sediment burial: Results from a mesocosm experiment. Marine Micropaleontology.  ISSN 0377-8398.  101, s 1- 9 . doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2013.03.004 Show summary
  • Bouchet, Vincent; Alve, Elisabeth; Rygg, Brage & Telford, Richard (2012). Benthic foraminifera provide a promising tool for ecological quality assessment of marine waters. Ecological Indicators.  ISSN 1470-160X.  23, s 66- 75 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.03.011
  • Schönfeld, Joachim; Alve, Elisabeth; Geslin, Emmanuelle; Jorissen, Frans; Korsun, Sergei; Spezzaferri, Silvia; Members of the FOBIMO group, incl Katrine Husum & Husum, Katrine (2012). The FOBIMO (FOraminiferal BIo-MOnitoring) initiative-Towards a standardised protocol for soft-bottom benthic foraminiferal monitoring studies. Marine Micropaleontology.  ISSN 0377-8398.  94-95, s 1- 13 . doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2012.06.001
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Murray, John W. & Skei, Jens (2011). Deep-sea benthic foraminifera, carbonate dissolution and species diversity in Hardangerfjord, Norway: An initial assessment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.  ISSN 0272-7714.  92(1), s 90- 102 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2010.12.018
  • Goldstein, Susan T. & Alve, Elisabeth (2011). Experimental assembly of foraminiferal communities from coastal propagule banks. Marine Ecology Progress Series.  ISSN 0171-8630.  437, s 1- 11 . doi: 10.3354/meps09296
  • Murray, John W. & Alve, Elisabeth (2011). The distribution of agglutinated foraminifera in NW European seas: Baseline data for the interpretation of fossil assemblages. Palaeontologia Electronica.  ISSN 1935-3952.  14(2)
  • Murray, John W.; Alve, Elisabeth & Jones, Bob W. (2011). A new look at modern agglutinated benthic foraminiferal morphogroups: their value in palaeoecological interpretation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.  ISSN 0031-0182.  309(3-4), s 229- 241 . doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.06.006
  • Lepland, Aivo; Andersen, Thorbjørn J.; Lepland, Aave; Arp, Hans Peter H.; Alve, Elisabeth; Breedveld, Gijs D. & Rindby, Anders (2010). Sedimentation and chronology of heavy metal pollution in Oslo harbor, Norway. Marine Pollution Bulletin.  ISSN 0025-326X.  60(9), s 1512- 1522 . doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.04.017
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2010). Benthic foraminiferal responses to absence of fresh phytodetritus: A two-year experiment. Marine Micropaleontology.  ISSN 0377-8398.  76(3-4), s 67- 75 . doi: 10.1016/j.marmicro.2010.05.003
  • Alve, Elisabeth & Goldstein, Susan T. (2010). Dispersal, survival and delayed growth of benthic foraminiferal propagules. Journal of Sea Research.  ISSN 1385-1101.  63(1), s 36- 51 . doi: 10.1016/j.seares.2009.09.003
  • Nagy, Jenø; Hess, Silvia & Alve, Elisabeth (2010). Environmental significance of foraminiferal assemblages dominated by small-sized Ammodiscus and Trochammina in Triassic and Jurassic delta-influenced deposits. Earth-Science Reviews.  ISSN 0012-8252.  99(1-2), s 31- 49 . doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.02.002
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2009). A bisected Pelosina rejoined!. Journal of Micropalaeontology.  ISSN 0262-821X.  28, s 183- 184
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Lepland, Aivo; Magnusson, Jan & Backer-Owe, Kristian (2009). Monitoring strategies for re-establishment of ecological reference conditions: Possibilities and limitations. Marine Pollution Bulletin.  ISSN 0025-326X.  59(8-12), s 297- 310 . doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.08.011

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  • Klootwijk, Anouk Tosca; Alve, Elisabeth; Silvia, Hess & Carsten, Sørlie (2019). The impact of fish farming in an arctic fjord investigated using geochemical parameters and benthic foraminiferal assemblages. Show summary
  • Deldicq, Noémie; Alve, Elisabeth; Schweizer, Magali; Asteman, Irina Polovodova; Hess, Silvia; Darling, Kate & Bouchet, Vincent Marcel Pierre (2018). Is the foraminiferal species resembling Nonionella stella a non-indigenous species (NIS) in the Oslofjord (Norway)?.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2018). Advances in Foraminiferal Biomonitoring.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2018, 15. august). Sjekker mudderet i havbunnen. [Internett].  https://titan.uio.no/node/3008.
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Hess, Silvia; Sørlie, Carsten; Klootwijk, Anouk Tosca & Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne (2018). Akvakultur og naturtilstand i en Nordnorsk fjord: har miljøstatus forandret seg?.
  • Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne & Alve, Elisabeth (2018). Miljøgifter i indre Oslofjord: Kartlegging av historisk forløp gjennom analyser av utvalgte miljøgifter i daterte sedimentkjerner..
  • Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne; Hess, Silvia; Hylland, Ketil & Alve, Elisabeth (2018). Foraminiferer som miljøindikator for vannkvalitet og levevilkår på sjøbunnen i Indre Oslofjord. Show summary
  • Hess, Silvia; Birkeland Sjetne, Lars & Alve, Elisabeth (2018). Does aquaculture activity have an impact on the benthic environment? - A study from Hardangerfjorden (SW Norway).
  • Husum, Katrine; Alve, Elisabeth; Ninnemann, Ulysses S & Rydningen, Tom Arne (2018). På land igjen etter Nansen paleo-tokt – en fot i bakken og veien videre.
  • Kjøller, Marianne Risager & Alve, Elisabeth (2018, 16. oktober). Havisens innflytelse på livet i havbunnen – fortid og nåtid. Blogg: Arven etter Nansen. [Internett].  Forskning.no.
  • Klootwijk, Anouk Tosca; Alve, Elisabeth; Silvia, Hess & Renaud, Paul Eric (2018). Benthic foraminiferal response to carbon loading introduced by “jelly-falls”: An ex-situ experiment using material from Kaldfjord (Northern Norway).. Show summary
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2017). Definering av referansetilstanden i kystfarvann.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2017). Historiebok på fjordbunnen.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2017, 23. januar). Steilene: Mørk fortid på overflaten, mørk fremtid på bunnen. [Internett].  https://titan.uio.no/node/2101.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2016). Hvordan fastsette naturtilstanden i kystmiljøer med naturlig stressede vannforekomster?.
  • Hess, Silvia; Alve, Elisabeth; Joranger, Tore & Oen, Amy M P (2016). Defining pre-industrial ecological status (reference conditions) in heavily polluted shallow harbor areas – a case study from SE Norway.
  • Hess, Silvia; Guilini, Katja; Michiels, Diego; Torper, Magnhild; Alve, Elisabeth; Sweetman, Andrew Kvassnes & Renauld, Paul E. (2016). Meiofauna monitoring in two different fjord systems of the Norwegian west coast: Does the mass appearance of Periphylla periphylla (a deep-sea jellyfish) have an impact on the benthic community?.
  • Pedersen, Are; Alve, Elisabeth; Alvestad, Tom; Borgersen, Gunhild; Dolven, Jane; Gundersen, Hege; Hess, Silvia; Kutti, Tina; Rygg, Brage; Velvin, Roger & Vedal, Jens (2016). Bløtbunnsfauna som indikator for miljøtilstand i kystvann. Ekspertvurderinger og forslag til nye klassegrenser og metodikk.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2015). Foraminiferer i historiens og miljøets tjeneste.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2015). Kan foraminiferer brukes til å fastsette naturtilstand, og under hvilke forhold?.
  • Duffield, Christopher James; Alve, Elisabeth; Andersen, Nils; Andersen, Thorbjørn J.; Hess, Silvia & Strohmeier, Tore (2015). Benthic foraminifera and organic carbon along a fjord to coast transect in western, Norway.
  • Bouchet, Vincent Marcel Pierre; Beaugrand, Grégory; Goberville, Eric; Richirt, Julien & Alve, Elisabeth (2014). Assessing reference conditions of marine systems: Numerical approaches using benthic foraminifera.
  • Duffield, Christopher James & Alve, Elisabeth (2014). Effect of sediment disturbance and oxygen depletion on benthic foraminifera with focus on Nonionella iridea.
  • Duffield, Christopher James & Alve, Elisabeth (2014). Experiments with benthic foraminifera: Improving our understanding of the conditions of the past.
  • Hess, Silvia & Alve, Elisabeth (2014). Undersøkelser av den historiske oksygenutviklingen og naturtilstanden i Horten Indre Havn.
  • Korsun, Sergei; Alve, Elisabeth; Golikova, Elena; Hess, Silvia; Husum, Katrine; Panieri, Giuliana & Schönfeld, Joachim (2014). Does AMBI, a commonly used macrofauna-based ecological monitoring measure, work for benthic Foraminifera? The Fobimo-NE Atlantic group.
  • Bouchet, Vincent Marcel Pierre; Alve, Elisabeth; Rygg, Brage & Telford, Richard (2013). Benthic foraminifera provide a. promising tool for ecological quality assessment of marine waters (vol 23, pg 66, 2012). Ecological Indicators.  ISSN 1470-160X.  26, s 183- 183 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.10.002
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Bouchet, Vincent; Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne; Hess, Silvia; Magnusson, Jan; Oug, Eivind; Rygg, Brage & Telford, Richard (2013). Marine soft-bottom bio-monitoring strategies: Can microfossils make a difference?.
  • Duffield, Christopher James & Alve, Elisabeth (2013). Experiments with the propagules of deep water benthic foraminifera.
  • Duffield, Christopher James & Alve, Elisabeth (2013). Feeding habits of deep water benthic foraminifera: An experiment with propagules.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2012). Bruk av foraminiferer til etablering av tidsserier.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2012). Kan vi bruke fossiler i miljøovervåking av fjordene våre?.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2012). Morphospecies and cryptic species; ecology and palaeoecology.
  • Bouchet, Vincent; Hess, Silvia; Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne & Alve, Elisabeth (2012). The use of fossil benthic foraminifera to define reference conditions for present-day marine waters. Geophysical Research Abstracts.  ISSN 1029-7006.  14
  • Bouchet, Vincent; Hess, Silvia; Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne; Alve, Elisabeth & Telford, Richard J. (2012). Benthic foraminifera as indicators of ecological quality of coastal marine systems.
  • Goldstein, Susan T.; Alve, Elisabeth & Bernhard, Joan M. (2012). THE PROPAGULE BANK AS AN EXPERIMENTAL TOOL IN FORAMINIFERAL ECOLOGY.
  • Simenstad, Line Madsen & Alve, Elisabeth (2012, 04. august). Vår egen tidsalder.  Klassekampen.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2011). Ecology of benthic foraminifera: Particularly aspects relevant to environmental monitoring.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2011). Fossiler tar temp’en: Om utradisjonelle metoder i marin miljøovervåking.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2011). How to determine in situ reference conditions? Key aspects of the PES project.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2011). Perspektiver på dagens miljøsituasjon i indre Oslofjord.
  • Alve, Elisabeth & Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne (2011). Bruk av mikrofossiler for å karakterisere utvikling av økologisk miljøstatus i sedimenter.
  • Goldstein, Susan T.; Alve, Elisabeth & Bernhard, Joan M. (2011). Applications of the foraminiferal propagule bank: A novel approach to understanding the ecology of Foraminifera.
  • Husum, Katrine & Alve, Elisabeth (2011). Wet vs. dry counting of benthic foraminiferal assemblages: a case study from Norwegian fjords.
  • Schönfeld, Joachim S.; Spezzaferri, Silvia; Jorissen, Frans J.; Alve, Elisabeth & Korsun, Sergei (2011). The use of foraminifera for bio-monitoring of marine environments – results and recommendations from the FOBIMO workshop.
  • Bouchet, Vincent; Alve, Elisabeth; Rygg, Brage; Telford, Richard J. & Reuss, Nina (2010). Determining ecological quality status of coastal waters using benthic foraminifera: calibration with benthic macrofauna.
  • Alve, Elisabeth & Dolven, Jane K. (2010). Indre Oslofjord, ”Naturtilstanden”, Vanndirektivet og Metodikk-konservatisme.
  • Alve, Elisabeth & Dolven, Jane Karine Lønne (2010). Defining "reference" conditions: monitoring inner Oslofjord, Norway.
  • Dolven, Jane K. & Alve, Elisabeth (2010). Naturtilstanden i indre Oslofjord.
  • Hess, Silvia; Alve, Elisabeth; Rygg, Brage & Telford, Richard J. (2010). Monitoring benthic community recovery in the Oslofjord: responses to capping and reoxygenation.
  • Hess, Silvia; Alve, Elisabeth & Trannum, Hilde Cecilie (2010). Effects of water-based drill cuttings vs physical burial on benthic foraminifera and macrofauna: a mesocosm experiment.
  • Hess, Silvia; Alve, Elisabeth & Trannum, Hilde Cecilie (2010). Impact of water-based drill cuttings on benthic foraminifera and macrofauna: a mesocosm experiment.
  • Nagy, Jenø; Hess, Silvia & Alve, Elisabeth (2010). Facies assessments of paralic deposits based on foraminifera: Triassic-Jurassic of the northwest European margin.
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Helland, Aud & Magnusson, Jan (2009). Bærumsbassenget et naturlig anoksisk basseng. NIVA-rapport. 5735.
  • Bouchet, Vincent Marcel Pierre; Alve, Elisabeth; Rygg, Brage & Oug, Eivind (2009). Combined use of benthic foraminifera and macrofauna to determine past and present ecological status in coastal environments.
  • Bouchet, Vincent Marcel Pierre; Alve, Elisabeth; Rygg, Brage & Oug, Eivind (2009). Determine past and present ecological status of fjordic coastal waters: calibrating benthic foraminifera and macrofauna.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2009). Foraminifera in coastal areas: Fjords in Norway.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2009). Hva er, og hvordan finner vi, "naturtilstanden"?.
  • Berge, John Arthur; Alve, Elisabeth & Helland, Aud (2009). Miljøgifter i sediment fra en datert kjerne fra Bærumsbassenget.
  • Hess, Silvia & Alve, Elisabeth (2009). Monitoring colonization processes in the inner Oslofjord: benthic foraminifera as a tool for ecosystem characterization.
  • Hess, Silvia & Alve, Elisabeth (2009). Monitoring the colonization of a new substrate (Quaternary clay) in the inner Oslofjord by benthic foraminifera.
  • Lepland, Aivo; Alve, Elisabeth & Breedveld, Gijs D. (2008). Contamination history and sedimentation in the Oslofjord.
  • Moy, Frithjof; Christie, Hartvig; Alve, Elisabeth & Steen, Henning (2008). Statusrapport nr. 3 fra Sukkertareprosjektet. O-27046.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2008). Hva er, og hvordan finner vi, "naturtilstanden"?.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2008). Miljøkvalitet, mikrofossiler og estetikk.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2008). Remediation of polluted fjords: when are we back to ”normal”?.
  • Goldstein, Susan T. & Alve, Elisabeth (2008). Dispersal in Benthic Foraminifera: Dynamics of the “Propagule Bank”.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2007). Benthic foraminifera in fjords: towards a European monitoring system for ecosystem health.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2007). Malmøykalvdeponiet: Et godt utgangspunkt for studentprosjekter.
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2007). Måler vannkvaliteten med fossiler. Apollon : Forskningsmagasin for Universitetet i Oslo.  ISSN 0803-6926.  2, s 42- 43
  • Alve, Elisabeth (2007). Searching for the European Water Framework Directive’s “reference conditions”.
  • Alve, Elisabeth; Husum, Katrine; Vestergard, L.G.; Murray, John W. & Nagy, Jenø (2007). Palaeoenvironmental interpretation of fossil benthic foraminiferal assemblages using modern analogues: possibilities and limitations.
  • Schaanning, Morten; Harman, Christopher & Alve, Elisabeth (2007). Spredning av partikler og miljøgifter under deponering av masser i dypvannsdeponiet ved Malmøykalven.

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Published Dec. 10, 2013 7:55 PM - Last modified Oct. 15, 2018 3:40 PM