Land-ATmosphere Interactions in Cold Environments - LATICE
The role of: Atmosphere - Biosphere – Cryosphere – Hydrosphere interactions in a changing climate.
The research group LATICE will bring a focus on cold-regions exchange processes within Earth System Sciences as an interdisciplinary initiative of collaborative research and education.
Climate change is impacting the high latitudes more rapidly and significantly than any other region of the Earth. A warmer climate has already led to thawing of permafrost, reduced snow cover and a longer growing season; changes, which in turn influence the atmospheric circulation and the hydrological cycle.
LATICE aims to advance the knowledge base concerning land atmosphere interactions and their role in controlling climate variability and climate change at high northern latitudes through:
- Improving parameterizations of processes in earth system models controlling the interactions and feedbacks between the land (snow, ice, permafrost, soil and vegetation) and the atmosphere at high latitudes, including the boreal, alpine and artic zone.
- Assessing the influence of climate and land cover changes on water and energy fluxes.
- Integrating remote earth observations with in-situ data and suitable models to allow studies of finer-scale processes governing land-atmosphere interactions.
- Addressing observational challenges through the development of novel observational products and networks.
LATICE is recognized as a strategic research area by the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences at the University of Oslo.
For a short introduction to LATICE research see poster (pdf).
Main focus areas
The development of new techniques for the measurement and characterization of ecohydrological fluxes including snow water, soil moisture, and water vapor at high spatial resolution is a key part of LATICE.
Increasingly the role of snow and ice (permafrost and glaciers) in ESMs is recognized as a dominate variable in the regulation of energy and chemical exchanges at global and local scales through modulation of albedo, insulating cover, and providing an exchange surface for chemistry.
Vegetation plays an important role in the climate system in the boreal zone. LATICE will improve its representation in ESMs through field and modelling studies.
The reserach group is hosted by the Department of Geosciences and the most of the researchers comes from the Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, but also researchers from the Department of Informatics and The Natural History Museum at the University of Oslo participates in this interdisciplinary research group.
Academic programmes and courses
LATICE is a key contribution to the National Research School on "Changing climates in the coupled earth system" (CHESS).
Lectures, workshops and summer schools will be organized in diverse locations and funds will be available for PhDs in Norway to work and study abroad. CHESS will also support various "hands on" courses in proposal and article writing, presentation techniques and teaching.
LATICE established a new interdisciplinary master/PhD course on Ecological Climatology (GEO5915).
LATICE is a strategic research area by the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences at the University of Oslo.
The group will get funding for five PhDs and one Postdoc during the period 2015 - 2019. LATICE got in December 2018 an extension for a new period 2019 to 2022 with funding of two PhD positions and one PostDoc position.