Unravelling the potential of confinement effects in catalysts and adsorbents
About the projects
The majority (> 90 %) of chemical and pharmaceutical industry processes are based on catalysis. In a society where sustainability becomes increasingly important, it is essential to develop catalysts that enable formation of the target product under mild conditions, without byproduct formation.
During the last decade, improved characterization tools have enabled chemists and physisists to elucidate which atom arrangement in solid catalysts that constitutes the active catalytic site for some reactions. Moreover, systematic studies of catalytic materials with pores of molecular dimensions (0.4 – 1.2 nm) have demonstrated the effect of the immediate surrounding of the active site, as well as the effect of confinement, on the rate and selectivity of complex reactions.
In this project, the goal is to study the effect of confinement for a wider class of reactions, and furthermore to study the effect of co-functional groups in the immediate surroundings of the active site. The study will be carried out by comparing the rate of reaction over homogeneous metal complex catalysts, as well as over their heterogeneous analogues, i.e. when the active site (and possible co-functional groups) is built into a 3-dimensional network, so-called metal-organic framework (MOF) materials.
The fundamental knowledge gained in this project will provide design principles for single-site heterogeneous catalysts.
People: Unni Olsbye, Stian Svelle, Mats Tilset, Karl Petter Lillerud, Silvia Bordiga, Mohamed Amedjkouh, Gurpreet Kaur, Volodymyr Levchenko, Giuseppe Rotunno, Andrea Lazzarini, Emil Sebastian Gutterød
- Emil Sebastian Gutterød, Sigurd Øien-Ødegaard, Koen Bossers, Anne-Eva Nieuwelink, Maela Manzoli, Luca Braglia, Andrea Lazzarini, Elisa Borfecchia, Sajjad Ahmadigoltapeh, Boris Bouchevreau, Bjørn Tore Lønstad-Bleken, Reynald Henry, Carlo Lamberti, Silvia Bordiga, Bert M. Weckhuysen, Karl Petter Lillerud, and Unni Olsbye, CO2 Hydrogenation over Pt-Containing UiO-67 Zr-MOFs—The Base Case, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research Article ASAP, 2017, DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01457
This project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council.