Publications from ELCHEM members

Articles in Scientific journals


  • R. Hancke, T. V. Larsen, W. Xing, Z. Li, M-L. Fontaine and T. Norby

    Ohmically heated ceramic asymmetric tubular membranes for gasseparation. J MEMBRANE SCI. (2018), Link to article


  • T. D. Desissa, M. Schrade and T. Norby

    Electrical Properties of a pn Heterojunction of Li-Doped NiO and Al-Doped ZnO for Thermoelectrics. J ELECTRON MATER. (2018), Link to article


  • T. D. Desissa, R. Haugsrud, K. Wiik and T. Norby

    Inter-diffusion across a direct p-n heterojunction of Li-doped NiO and Al-doped ZnO. SOLID STATE IONICS. (2018), Link to article


  • K. Sood, J. Kaswan, S. P. Singh, T. Norby and S. Basu

    Electrochemical and degradation study of Sr0.6Na0.4SiO3-δ. J SOLID STATE ELECTR. (2018), Link to article


  • S. Ø. Stub, K. Thorshaug, P. M. Rørvik, T. Norby and E. Vøllestad

    The influence of acceptor and donor doping on the protonic surface conduction of TiO2. PHY CHEM CHEM PHY. (2018), Link to article


  • N. Kanas, S. P. Singh, M. Rotan, M. Saleemi, M. Bittner, A. Feldhoff, T. Norby, K. Wiik, T. Grande and M-A. Einarsrud

    Influence of processing on stability, microstructure and thermoelectric properties of Ca3Co4 − xO9 + δ. J EUR CERAMIC SOC. (2018), Link to article


  • R. Manabe, S. Ø. Stub, T. Norby and Y. Sekine

    Evaluating surface protonic transport on cerium oxide via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurement. SOLID STATE COMMUN. (2018), Link to article


  • T. D. Desissa, N. Kanas, S. P. Singh, K. Wiik, M-A. Einarsrud and T. Norby

    Chemical tracer diffusion of Sr and Co in polycrystalline Ca-deficient CaMnO3−δ with CaMn2O4 precipitates. PHY CHEM CHEM PHY, (2018), Link to article


  • S. Wachowski, Z. Li, J. Polfus, T. Norby

    Performance and stability in H2S of SrFe0.75Mo0.25O3-δ as electrode in proton ceramic fuel cells. J Eur Ceramic Soc, (2018), Link to article



  • X. Liu, T.S.Bjørheim and R. Haugsrud

    Defects formation and their effects on hydride ion transport properties in a series of K2NiF4-type oxyhydrides .J. Mater. Chem. A. (2017), Link to article


  • S.Longela, A. Chatzitakis

    In vitrocorrosionbehaviourofphenoliccoatednickel-titaniumsurfaces. Biosurface and Biotribology, (2017), Link to article


  • H. Malerød-Fjeld, D. Clark, I. Yuste-Tirados, R. Zanón, D. Catalán-Martinez, D. Beeaff S. H. Morejudo, P. K. Vestre, T. Norby, R. Haugsrud, J.M. Serra and C.Kjølseth

    Thermo-electrochemical production of compressed hydrogen from methane with near-zero energy loss. Nature Energy, (2017), Link to article


  • M. Schrade, K.Berland, S.N.H.Eliassen, M.N.Guzik, C. Echevarria-Bonet, M.H.Sørby, P. Jenus, B.C. Hauback, R. Tofan, A.E.Gunnæs, C. Persson, O.M.Løvvik and T.G.Finstad

    The role of grain boundary scattering in reducing the thermal conductivity of polycrystalline XNiSn (X = Hf, Zr, Ti) half-Heusler alloys. Scientific Reports, (2017), Link to article


  • M. Schrade, N. Masó, A. Perejón, L.A.Pérez-Maqueda and A.R. West

    Defect chemistry and electrical properties of BiFeO3. J Mater Chem C, (2017), Link to article


  • E Vøllestad, M. Schrade, J. Segalini, R. Strandbakke and T. Norby

    Relating defect chemistry and electronic transport in the double perovskite Ba1-xGd0.8La0.2+xCo2O6-δ (BGLC). J MATER CHEM A, (2017), Link to article


  • S. Ø. Stub, E.Vøllestad and T. Norby

    Mechanisms of Protonic Surface Transport in Porous Oxides:Example of YSZ. J PHYS CHEM C, (2017), Link to article


  • A. A. Elstad, K. Nguyen, S. Sartori and T. Norby

    On the Conductivity of KBaPO4 and Its Decomposition in Steam and Water J ELECTROCHEM SOC, (2017), Link to article


  • G. Cerretti, M. Schrade, X. Song, B. Balke, H. Lu, T. Weidner, I. Lieberwirth, M. Panthofer, T. Norby and W. Tremel

    Thermal stability and enhanced thermoelectric properties of the tetragonal tungsten bronzes Nb8−xW 9+xO47 (0 < x < 5). J MATER CHEM A, (2017), Link to article


  • Tz.Kraia, S. Wachowski, E. Vøllestad, R. Strandbakke, M. Konsolakis, T. Norby and G.E.Marnellos

    Electrochemical performance of Co3O4/CeO2 electrodes in H2S/H2O atmospheres in a proton-conducting ceramic symmetrical cell with BaZr0.7Ce0.2Y0 .1O3 solid electrolyte. SSI, (2017), Link to article

    S. Robinson, C. Kjølseth and T. Norby

    Comparison of Cu and Pt point-contact electrodes on proton conducting BaZr0.7Ce0.2Y0.1O3−δ. SSI, (2017), Link to article


  • E. Stefan, M. Stange, C. Denoville, Y. Larring, N. Hildenbrand, T. Norby and R. Haugsrud

    Layered microstructures based on BaZr0.85Y0.15O3−δ by pulsed laser deposition for metal-supported proton ceramic electrolyser cells. J MATER SCI , (2017), Link to article


  • M. Stange, E. Stefan, C. Denoville, Y. Larring, P.M. Rørvik and R. Haugsrud

    Development of novel metal-supported proton ceramic electrolyser cell with thin film BZY15–Ni electrode and BZY15 electrolyte. INT J HYDROGEN ENERG, (2017), Link to article


  • N. Bausa, C. Solis, R. Strandbakke and J. M. Serra

    Development of composite steam electrodes for electrolyzers based on barium zirconate. SSI, (2017), Link to article


  • R. Strandbakke, E. Vøllestad, S. Robinson, M-L Fontaine and T. Norby

    Ba0.5Gd0.8La0.7Co2O6-δ nfiltrated in Porous BaZr0.7Ce0.2Y0.1O3 Backbones as Electrode Material for Proton Ceramic Electrolytes. J ELECTROCHEM SOC, (2017), Link to article




  • A. Chatzitakis, M. Grandcolas, K. Xu, S. Mei, J. Yang, I. J. T. Jensen, C. Simon and T.Norby

    Assessing the photoelectrochemical properties of C, N, F codoped TiO2 nanotubes of different lengths. Catalysis Today, (2016), xxx-xxxx Link to article


  • X. Liu, R. Haugsrud and T.S. Bjørheim

    Formation and migration of hydride ions in BaTiO3-xHx oxyhydride. J. Mater. Chem. A, (2016), 31296-31303 Link to article


  • A. Løken, R. Haugsrud and T.S. Bjørheim

    Unravelling the fundamentals of thermal and chemical expansion of BaCeO3 from first principles phonon calculations . Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2016), 18, 31296-31303 Link to article


  • Y. Hu, A. Rund, V. Miikkulainen, T. Norby, O. Nilsen and H. Fjellvåg

    Electrical characterization of amorphous LiAlO2 thin films deposited by atomic layer deposition. RSC Adv. (2016), 6, 60479-60486 Link to article


  • K. Xu, A. C. Chatzitakis and T. Norby

    Solid-state photoelectrochemical cell with TiO2 nanotubes for water splitting . Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. (2016), Link to article


  • S. H. Morejudo, R. Zanón, S. Escolástico, I. Yuste-Tirados, H. Malerød-Fjeld, P. K. Vestre, W. G. Coors, A. Martínez, T. Norby, J. M. Serra and C. Kjølseth

    Direct conversion of methane to aromatics in a catalytic co-ionic membrane reactor. Science. (2016), 353, 563-566 Link to article


  • Liv-Elisif Kalland,Stefan T. Norberg, Jakob Kyrklund, Stephen Hull, Sten G. Eriksson, Truls Norby, Chris E. Mohn and Christopher S. Knee

    C-type related order in the defective fluorites La2Ce2O7 and Nd2Ce2O7 studied by neutron scattering and ab initio MD simulations. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.(2016), Link to article


  • X.Liu, T.S. Bjørheim and R. Haugsrud

    Thermochemical properties of rare-earth oxyhydrides from first principles phonon calculations. RSC Adv. (2016), 6, 9822-9826 Link to article


  • J.M. Polfus, T.S.Bjørheim, T. Norby and R. Bredesen

    Surface defect chemistry of Y-substituted and hydrated BaZrO3 with subsurface space-charge regions. J. Mater. Chem. A. (2016), 4, 7437-7444 Link to article


  • J.M. Polfus, M-L. Fontaine, A. Thøgersen, M. Riktor, T. Norby and R. Bredesen

    Solubility of transition metal interstitials in proton conducting BaZrO3 and similar perovskite oxides. J. Mater. Chem. A. (2016), 4, 8105-8122 Link to article


  • R. Strandbakke, Oddvar Dyrlie, Fredrik Sydow, and Truls Norby

    Reaction Kinetics of Protons and Oxide Ions in LSM/Lanthanum Tungstate Cathodes with Pt Nanoparticle Activation. J. Electrochem Soc. (2016), 163 (6), F507-F515 Link to article


  • M. Arrigoni, T. S. Bjørheim, E. Kotomin and J. Maier

    First principles study of confinement effects for oxygen vacancies in BaZrO3 (001) ultra-thin films. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2016), 18, 9902-9908 Link to article


  • A. Løken, S. W. Saeed, M. N. Getz, X. Liu and T. S. Bjørheim

    Alkali metals as efficient A-site acceptor dopants in proton conducting BaZrO3. J. Mater. Chem. A. (2016), 4, 9229-9235 Link to article


  • T.S. Bjørheim, A. Løken and R. Haugsrud

    On the relationship between chemical expansion and hydration thermodynamics of proton conducting perovskites. J. Mater. Chem. A. (2016), 4, 5917-5924 Link to article


  • E. Stefan and Truls Norby

    Highlights from Faraday Discussion 182: Solid Oxide Electrolysis: Fuels and Feedstocks from Water and Air, York, UK, July 2015. Chemical Communications (2016), 52, 1759 Link to article




  • A. Løken, T. S. Bjørheim, R. Haugsrud.

    The pivotal role of the dopant choice on the thermodynamics of hydration and associations in proton conducting BaCe0.9X0.1O3−δ (X = Sc, Ga, Y, In, Gd and Er). J. Mater. Chem. A. (2015), 3, 23289-23298 Link to article


  • M. Schrade, A. Magraso, A. Galeckas, T.G. Finstad, T. Norby

    The Band Gap of BaPrO3 Studied by Optical and Electrical Methods. J. Am. Ceram. Soc.(2016), 99(2) 492-498  Link to article


  • T. S. Bjørheim, M. Arriqoni, D. Gryaznov, E. Kotomin, J. Maier

    Thermodynamic properties of neutral and charged oxygen vacancies in BaZrO3 based on first principles phonon calculations. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2015), 17, 20765-20774 Link to article


  • T. S. Bjørheim, V. Shanmugappirabu, R. Haugsrud, T. Norby

    Protons in piezoelectric langatate; La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14. Solid State Ionics. (2015), 278, 275-280 Link to article


  • T. S. Bjørheim, R. Haugsrud.

    Proton transport properties of the RE3Ga5MO14 (RE = La, Nd and M = Si, Ti, Sn) langasite family of oxides. Solid State Ionics. (2015), 275, 29-34 Link to article


  • C. P. Heinrich, M. Schrade, G. Cerretti, I. Lieberwirth, P. Leidich, A.C. P. Heinrich, M. Schrade, G. Cerretti, I. Lieberwirth, P. Leidich, A.

    Tetragonal tungsten bronzes Nb8−xW9+xO47−δ: optimization strategies and transport properties of a new n-type thermoelectric oxide. Mater. Horiz. (2015), 2, 519-527 Link to article


  • A. Evans, W.Xing, T.Norby.

    Electromotive Force (emf) Determination of Transport Numbers for Native and Foreign Ions in Molten Alkali Metal Carbonates. J. Electrochem Soc (2015), 162, 1135-1143 Link to article


  • M. Schrade, T. Norby, T.G. Finstad.

    Hall effect measurements on thermoelectric Ca3Co4O9: On how to determine the charge carrier concentration in strongly correlated misfit cobaltites. J. Appl. Phys (2015), 117, 2015103 Link to article


  • E. Vøllestad, M. Teusner, R. A. De Souza, R. Haugsrud.

    Diffusion of Nd and Mo in lanthanum tungsten oxide. Solid State Ionics (2015), 274, 128-133 Link to article


  • T. S. Bjørheim, S. M. H. Rahman, S. G. Eriksson, C. S. Knee, R. Haugsrud.

    Hydration thermodynamics of the proton conducting oxygen-deficient perovskite series BaTi1- xMxO3- x /2 with M = in or Sc . Inorg.Chem. (2015), 54(6), 2858-2865 Link to article


  • T. S. Bjørheim,  E. A. Kotomin, J. Maier.

    Hydration entropy of BaZrO3 from first principles phonon calculations. J. Mater. Chem. A (2015), 3, 7639-7648 Link to article


    • W. Xing, T. Peters; M-L. Fontaine, A. Evans, P.P Henriksen, T. Norby; R. Bredesen.

      Steam-promoted CO2 flux in dual-phase CO2 separation membranes. J Membrane Sci (2015), 482, 115-119 Link to article




    • Bjørheim, Tor Svendsen; Haugsrud, Reidar; Norby, Truls.

      Protons in acceptor doped langasite, La3Ga5SiO14. Solid State Ionics 2014; Vol 264. p. 76-84 Link to article


    • Bjørheim, Tor Svendsen; Kotomin, Eugene.

      Ab initio thermodynamics of oxygen vacancies and zinc interstitials in ZnO. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2014; Vol 5.(24) p. 4238-4242 Link to article


    • Stehr, J. E.; Johansen, Klaus Magnus H; Bjørheim, Tor Svendsen; Vines, Lasse; Svensson, Bengt Gunnar; Chen, W. M.; Buyanova, I. A..

      Zinc-Vacancy–Donor Complex: A Crucial Compensating Acceptor in ZnO. Physical Review Applied 2014; Vol 2.(2) p. 021001- Link to article


    • Cebasek, Nebojsa; Haugsrud, Reidar; Norby, Truls.

      Cation transport in Sr and Cu substituted La2NiO4+δ studied by inter-diffusion. Solid State Ionics 2014; Vol 254. p. 32-39 Link to article


    • Løken, Andreas; Kjølseth, Christian; Haugsrud, Reidar.

      Electrical conductivity and TG-DSC study of hydration of Sc-doped CaSnO3 and CaZrO3. Solid State Ionics 2014; Vol 267. p. 61-67 Link to article


    • Magraso, Anna; Fontaine, Marie-Laure; Bredesen, Rune; Haugsrud, Reidar; Norby, Truls.

      Cathode compatibility, operation, and stability of LaNbO4-based proton conducting fuel cells. Solid State Ionics 2014; Vol 262. p. 382-387 Link to article


    • Magraso, Anna; Fontaine, Marie-Laure; Haugsrud, Reidar; Norby, Truls.

      Hydrogen oxidation kinetics and performance of Ni-LaNbO4 cermet anodes for proton conducting SOFCs. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2014; Vol 161.(4) p. F373-F379 Link to article


    • Magraso, Anna; Haugsrud, Reidar.

      Effects of the La/W ratio and doping on the structure, defect structure, stability and functional properties of proton-conducting lanthanum tungstate La28-xW4+x/O54+δ. A review. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2014; Vol 2.(32) p. 12630-12641 Link to article


    • E. Fabbri, A. Magrasó, D. Pergolesi.

      Low-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells based on proton-conducting electrolytes. MRS Bulletin, 2014, 39(09), 792 – 797 Link to article


    • K. Bergum, A. Magrasó, H. Fjellvåg, O. Nilsen.

      Thin film fabrication and characterization of proton conducting lanthanum tungstate. J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 18463-18471 Link to article


    • Rahman, Seikh, R. H; Ahmed, Istaq; Haugsrud, Reidar; Eriksson, S.G.; Knee, Christopher.

      Characterisation of structure and conductivity of BaTi0.5Sc0.5O3-δ. Solid State Ionics 2014; Vol 255. p. 140-146 Link to article


    • Vigen, Camilla Kaori; Haugsrud, Reidar.

      Hydrogen flux in La0.87Sr0.13CrO3–δ. Journal of Membrane Science 2014; Vol 468. p. 317-323 Link to article


    • Vøllestad, Einar; Vigen, Camilla Kaori; Magraso, Anna; Haugsrud, Reidar.

      Hydrogen permeation characteristics of La27Mo1.5W3.5O55.5. Journal of Membrane Science 2014; Vol 461. p. 81-88 Link to article


    • Vøllestad, Einar; Zhu, Huayang; Kee, Robert J..

      Interpretation of defect and gas-phase fluxes through mixed-conducting ceramics using Nernst-Planck-Poisson and integral formulations. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2014; Vol 161.(1) Link to article


    • Xing, Wen; Rauwel, Protima; Hervoches, Charles Herve; Li, Zuoan; Haugsrud, Reidar.

      Structure and transport properties in un-doped and acceptor-doped gadolinium tungstates. Solid State Ionics 2014; Vol 261. p. 87-94 Link to article


    • Ashok, Anuradha Machina; Haavik, Camilla; Norby, Poul; Norby, Truls; Olsen, Arne.

      Vacancy ordering and superstructure formation in dry and hydrated strontium tantalate perovskites: A TEM perspective. Micron 2014; Vol 62. p. 11-27 Link to article


    • Iwu, Kingsley Odinaka; Galeckas, Augustinas; Diplas, Spyridon; Seland, Frode; Kuznetsov, Andrej; Norby, Truls.

      Effects of temperature, triazole and hot-pressing on the performance of TiO2 photoanode in a solid-state photoelectrochemical cell. Electrochimica Acta2014; Vol 115. p. 66-74 Link to article


    • Schrade, Matthias; Casolo, Simone; Graham, Paul J.; Ulrich, Clemens; Li, Sean; Løvvik, Ole Martin; Finstad, Terje; Norby, Truls.

      Oxygen nonstoichiometry in (Ca2CoO3)0.62(CoO2): a combined experimental and computational study. Journal of Physical Chemistry C2014; Vol 118.(33) p. 18899-18907 Link to article


    • Schrade, Matthias; Fjeld, Harald; Finstad, Terje; Norby, Truls.

      Electronic Transport Properties of [Ca2CoO3-δ]q[CoO2]. Journal of Physical Chemistry C2014; Vol 118.(6) p. 2908-2918 Link to article


    • Schrade, Matthias; Fjeld, Harald; Norby, Truls; Finstad, Terje.

      Versatile apparatus for thermoelectric characterization of oxides at high temperatures. Review of Scientific Instruments 2014; Vol 85.(10) p. - Link to article


    • Schrade, Matthias; Kabir, Rezaul; Li, Sean; Norby, Truls; Finstad, Terje.

      High temperature transport properties of thermoelectric CaMnO3-d - Indication of strongly interacting small polarons. Journal of Applied Physics 2014 ;Vol 115. Link to article


    • Sagarna, Leyre; Populoh, Sascha; Shkabko, Andrey; Eilertsen, James; Maegli, Alexandra E.; Hauert, Roland; Schrade, Matthias; Karvonen, Lassi; Weidenkaff, Anke.

      Influence of the Oxygen Content on the Electronic Transport Properties of SrxEu1–xTiO3-δ. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 201; Vol 118.(15) p. 7821-7831 Link to article


    • Østreng, Erik; Gandrud, Knut Bjarne; Hu, Yang; Nilsen, Ola; Fjellvåg, Helmer.

      High power nano-structured V2O5 thin film cathodes by atomic layer deposition. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2014; Vol 2. p. 10544-15051 Link to article