Carla Janaina Ferreira: Bayesian History Matching of Complex Models

Carla Janaina Ferreira (DNV GL) will give a talk on November 24th at 14:15 (held with restricted attendance in the Erling Sverdrups plass, Niels Henrik Abels hus, 8th floor and streamed in Zoom - the link will be sent by mail one day in advance).

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Carla Janaina Ferreira is Senior Researcher at DNV GL.

Title: Bayesian History Matching of Complex Models

Abstract: In many scientific disciplines complex computer simulators are employed to help understand corresponding real-world physical processes. These models increasingly involve large numbers of unknown parameters, have a complex structure which can result in substantial evaluation time relative to the needs of the analysis, and need to be compared to observed data of various forms to generate reliable models to support decision-making. The correct analysis of such models usually demands a comprehensive exploration of the uncertain high dimensional input parameter space, that incorporates and respects the most important sources of uncertainty. This can be a difficult task, but it is essential for any meaningful inference or prediction to be made and hence represents a fundamental challenge. The challenge needs to be addressed considering the possible drawback of identifying only a partial subset of the input parameters consistent with observed data. Critically, these subsets will result in unjustifiable forecasts that are both biased and overconfident, which directly lead to sub-optimal decision making. A Bayesian statistical methodology is presented in order to identify the subset of the input space that could give rise to acceptable matches between model output and measured data. The approach involves the use of an iterative succession of emulators (stochastic belief specifications detailing beliefs about the complex model) embedded within a method to search high dimensional spaces while incorporating major sources of uncertainty.

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Tags: Seminar Series in Statistics and Data Science
Published Sep. 23, 2020 5:27 PM - Last modified Dec. 1, 2020 1:23 PM