Olli Saarela: Causal variance decompositions for polytomous and functional exposures

Olli Saarela (Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, CAN) will give a talk on September 24th at 14:15 in the Erling Sverdrups plass, Niels Henrik Abels hus, 8th floor.

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Olli Saarela is an Associate Professor at the Biostatistics Division of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto (CAN)

Title: Causal variance decompositions for polytomous and functional exposures

Abstract: Institutional/provider comparisons in healthcare can be considered as causal inference problems, answering questions of the type "What kind of care/outcome a patient would be expected to have if treated in a given hospital (in contrast to a reference hospital or a benchmark level of care)?". Since the treating hospital is considered here as a multi-category polytomous exposure, there will be a large number of such contrasts, motivating the question of how much of the overall variation in the patient outcomes is attributable to between-hospital differences in performance. For this purpose, we consider causal variance decompositions. In this talk, I will briefly review causal inference techniques used for institutional comparisons, including direct and indirect standardization. I will discuss the causal interpretation of a variance decomposition that splits the observed variation in the outcome to that due to between-hospital differences, due to patient case-mix, and residual variance. I will extend these ideas to hierarchical exposures (e.g. surgeons within hospitals), and causal mediation analysis. The methods are illustrated with applications to Ontario administrative data on cancer care. I will also discuss adapting the variance decomposition approach to functional exposures in a radiation treatment context, which requires dimension reduction techniques.

Download the flyer here.

Published Sep. 6, 2019 11:33 AM - Last modified Sep. 19, 2019 6:43 PM