Visiting addressNiels Henrik Abels hus Moltke Moes vei 35 (map)
Abstract: We first discuss C*-simplicity and the unique trace property for discrete groups in light of recent years' development. In particular, we consider amalgamated free products, and give conditions for such to be (and fail to be) C*-simple. Then we define radical and residual classes of groups, and explain that there exists a radical detecting C*-simplicity, in a similar way as the amenable radical detects the unique trace property. The talk is based on joint work with Nikolay A. Ivanov from Sofia University, Bulgaria.
Hopkins, Kuhn, and Ravenel proved that, up to torsion, the Borel-equivariant cohomology of a G-space with coefficients in a height n-Morava E-theory is determined by its values on those abelian subgroups of G which are generated by n or fewer elements. When n=1, this is closely related to Artin's induction theorem for complex group representations. I will explain how to generalize the HKR result in two directions. First, we will establish the existence of a spectral sequence calculating the integral Borel-equivariant cohomology whose convergence properties imply the HKR theorem. Second, we will replace Morava E-theory with any L_n-local spectrum. Moreover, we can show, in some sense, a partial converse to this result: if an HKR style theorem holds for an E_\infty ring spectrum E, then K(n+j)_* E=0 for all j\geq 1. This partial converse has applications to the algebraic K-theory of structured ring spectra.
Peter Müller (University of Texas at Austin) will give a seminar in the lunch area, 8th floor Niels Henrik Abels hus at 14:15.
We compute the generalized slices (as defined by Spitzweck-Østvær) of the motivic spectrum KQ in terms of motivic cohomology and generalized motivic cohomology, obtaining good agreement with the situation in classical topology and the results predicted by Markett-Schlichting.
Kristina Rognlien Dahl (University of Oslo) is giving her inaugural lecture with the title: Stochastic analysis meets risk and reliability theory.
Olivier Menoukeu Pamen (African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Ghana and University of Liverpool) gives a lecture with the title: Strong Rate of Convergence for the Euler-Maruyama Approximation of SDEs with Irregular Drift Coefficients.
Rajeev Bhaskaran (Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore, India) gives a lecture with the title: On the connection between SPDE’s and diffusions arising out of an SDE.
Michael Whittaker from University of Glasgow will give a talk with title: New directions in self-similar group theory
Abstract: A self-similar group (G,X) consists of a group G acting faithfully on a homogeneous rooted tree such that the action satisfies a self-similar condition. In this talk I will generalise the above definition to faithful groupoid actions on the path space of more general graphs. This new definition allows us to work out the structure of the KMS state space of associated Toeplitz and Cuntz-Pimsner algebras. This is joint work with Marcelo Laca, Iain Raeburn, and Jacqui Ramagge.
Rasmus Bryder (University of Copenhagen) will give a talk with title: Twisted crossed products over C*-simple groups
Abstract: A twisted C*-dynamical system consists of a C*-algebra, a discrete group and a "twisted" action of the group on the C*-algebra, i.e., the group acts by automorphisms on the C*-algebra in a manner determined by a 2-cocycle of the group into the unitary group of the C*-algebra. Whenever the 2-cocycle (or twist) is trivial, the action is given by a group homomorphism of the group into the automorphism group of the C*-algebra. We consider twisted C*-dynamical systems over C*-simple groups (i.e.,groups whose reduced group C*-algebra is simple) and how C*-simplicity affects the ideal structure of reduced crossed products over such dynamical systems.
Microfluidics of sugar transport in plants
Plants can rightly be called masters of microengineering. Their survival and successful reproduction depends on their ability to overcome a series of physical challenges during growth and when transporting matter over great distances. In this talk, we focus on the microfluidic network responsible for energy distribution (the phloem). We combine experiments on living plants and biomimetic microfluidic devices to elucidate the basic physical principles that govern sugar transport in plants. We derive a scaling relation between the characteristic sizes of the plant organs, which optimizes the rate of sugar transport. Comparison with experimental data suggests that the pipe network is operating at or near the theoretical optimum. We further consider the coupling between photosynthesis and long-distance transport. While sap with high sugar concentration has the greatest transport potential, viscosity impedes flow, a phenomena analogous to congestion in traffic flows. The optimal sugar concentration for transport in plants is 25%, sweeter than Coke (10%) but much less viscous than maple syrup (65%). Although plants have generally evolved towards the theoretical optimum, a number of unusually sweet plants exist. This group consists primarily of crop plants such as corn (40%) and potato (50%), sugar junkies of the natural world.
Prof Per Mykland (University of Chicago) will give a seminar in the lunch area, 8th floor Niels Henrik Abels hus at 14:15.
In this talk I will explain how the use of functors defined on the category I of finite sets and injections makes it possible to replace E-infinity objects by strictly commutative ones. For example, an E-infinity space can be replaced by a strictly commutative monoid in I-diagrams of spaces. The quasi-categorical version of this result is one building block for an interesting rigidification result about multiplicative homotopy theories: we show that every presentably symmetric monoidal infinity-category is represented by a symmetric monoidal model category. (This is based on joint work with C. Schlichtkrull, with D. Kodjabachev, and with T. Nikolaus)
Given a Nisnevich sheaf (on smooth schemes of finite type) of spectra, there exists a universal process of making it 𝔸1-invariant, called 𝔸1-localization. Unfortunately, this is not a stalkwise process and the property of being stalkwise a connective spectrum may be destroyed. However, the 𝔸1-connectivity theorem of Morel shows that this is not the case when working over a field. We report on joint work with Johannes Schmidt and sketch our approach towards the following theorem: Over a Dedekind scheme with infinite residue fields, 𝔸1-localization decreases the stalkwise connectivity by at most one. As in Morel’s case, we use a strong geometric input which is a Nisnevich-local version of Gabber’s geometric presentation result over a henselian discrete valuation ring with infinite residue field.
The advances on the Milnor- and Bloch-Kato conjectures have led to a good understanding of motivic cohomology and algebraic K-theory with finite coefficients. However, important questions remain about rational motivic cohomology and algebraic K-theory, including the Beilinson-Soulé vanishing conjecture. We discuss how the speaker's "connectivity conjecture" for the stable rank filtration of algebraic K-theory leads to the construction of chain complexes whose cohomology groups may compute rational motivic cohomology, and simultaneously satisfy the vanishing conjecture. These "rank complexes" serve a similar purpose as Goncharov's candidates for motivic complexes, but have the advantage that they have a precise relation to rational algebraic K-theory.
The so-called Koras-Russell threefolds are a family of topologically
contractible rational smooth complex affine threefolds which played an
important role in the linearization problem for multiplicative group
actions on the affine 3-space. They are known to be all diffeomorphic to
the 6-dimensional Euclidean space, but it was shown by Makar-Limanov in
the nineties that none of them are algebraically isomorphic to the affine
3-space. It is however not known whether they are stably isomorphic or not
to an affine space. Recently, Hoyois, Krishna and Østvær proved that many
of these varieties become contractible in the unstable A^1-homotopy
category of Morel and Voevodsky after some finite suspension with the
pointed projective line. In this talk, I will explain how additional
geometric properties related to additive group actions on such varieties
allow to conclude that a large class of them are actually A^1-contractible
(Joint work with Jean Fasel, Université Grenoble-Alpes).
Digital signalbehandling og bildeanalyse, UiO and PGS
The effects of moving rough sea surfaces on seismic data.
Andreas Andersson (UiO): An introduction to duality for compact groups in algebraic quantum field theory
Tamara Broderick (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) will give a seminar in the lunch area, 8th floor Niels Henrik Abels hus at 14:15.
In this talk, we will present some applications of the "transfer" to
algebraic K-theory, inspired by the work of Thomason. Let A --> B be a
G-Galois extension of rings, or more generally of E-infinity ring spectra
in the sense of Rognes. A basic question in algebraic K-theory asks how
close the map K(A) --> K(B)^hG is to being an equivalence, i.e., how close
K is to satisfying Galois descent. Motivated by the classical descent
theorem of Thomason, one also expects such a result after "periodic"
localization. We formulate and prove a general lemma that enables one to
translate rational descent statements as above into descent statements
after telescopic localization. As a result, we prove various descent
results in the telescopically localized K-theory, TC, etc. of ring
spectra, and verify several cases of a conjecture of Ausoni-Rognes. This
is joint work with Dustin Clausen, Niko Naumann, and Justin Noel.