Functional oxides for clean energy technologies: fuel cells, gas separation membranes and electrolysers (FOXCET)

The overall objective is to develop fundamental understanding of defined issues underpinning lifetime and performance of fuel cells, electrolysers and gas separation membranes.

About the project

The nationally coordinated project FOXCET addresses recent advances in proton and oxygen ion conducting materials for applications in the energy sector, notably high temperature fuel cells, steam electrolysis, and gas separation membranes. These electrochemical devices are of importance for more environment-friendly hydrogen- and fossil-fuelled transport and stationary power, for intermediate storage of peak renewable energy production, for carbon capture and storage, as well as a variety of fuel upgrading processes.

The project takes as starting point the last decades developments of fuel cell and membrane materials in RCN and EU projects by the partners and by startup companies around these, and moves into the next stage of scientific and technological understanding that may lead to enhanced performance and lifetime. These are based on the application of recent theory of charged core regions and space charge layers of interfaces like grain boundaries, and extending it to surfaces and electrodes, while at the same time taking into use the wide range of atomic resolution microscopy and advanced spectroscopy that have become available at large facilities and national research infrastructures. Moreover, the project takes advantage of supercomputer facilities and partner proven expertise to model the same interfaces at an unprecedented level. Cation diffusivity in bulk and grain boundary as well as thermomechanical degradation will be measured and used to predict and improve lifetime with support from measurement of mechanical properties. Finally, these activities are matched with a range of nanostructuring fabrication methods for model materials and improved components such as fuel cells cathodes.

Objectives

- establish a total picture of material interfaces and surfaces that comprise their composition, structure, as well as charge and resulting space charge layers;

- obtain ground breaking insights in enhanced transport, enhanced resistance, surface and electrode kinetics, and cation diffusion;

- determine the lifetime of devices and establish a pioneering comprehensive model for predicting life time;

- extend space charge theory of interfaces to heterophase boundaries and surfaces;

- increase knowledge about HES and ELSA for the technology;

- educate 4 PhD candidates and 2 post docs;

- publish 15 publications in high ranking journals;

- strengthen cooperation with industry and organise 6 Workshops with international attendance international attendance

Financing

The project is funded by Research Council of Norway under the NANO2021 programme, project number 228355.

Cooperation

The project lasts 4 years and is led by SINTEF in collaboration with UiO and NTNU.

Publications

  • Tarjei Bondevik; Jonathan Marc Polfus & Truls Eivind Norby (2020). Disagreements between space charge models and grain boundary impedance data in yttrium-substituted barium zirconate. Solid State Ionics.  ISSN 0167-2738.  353
  • Rokas Sazinas; Martin Fleissner Sunding; Annett Thøgersen; Isao Sakaguchi; Truls Eivind Norby; Tor Grande & Jonathan M. Polfus (2019). Surface reactivity and cation non-stoichiometry in BaZr1-xYxO3-δ (x=0-0.2) exposed to CO2 at elevated temperature. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.  ISSN 2050-7488.  7, s 3848- 3856
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Tor Grande & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2019). Processing of high performance composite cathodes for protonic ceramic fuel cells by exsolution. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.  ISSN 2050-7488.  7, s 8609- 8619
  • Tarjei Bondevik; Akihide Kuwabara & Ole Martin Løvvik (2019). Application of machine learning-based selective sampling to determine BaZrO3 grain boundary structures. Computational materials science.  ISSN 0927-0256.  164, s 57- 65
  • Tarjei Bondevik; Heine Håland Ness; Kalliopi Bazioti; Truls Eivind Norby; Ole Martin Løvvik; Christoph T. Koch & Øystein Prytz (2019). Investigation of the electrostatic potential of a grain boundary in Y-substituted BaZrO3 using inline electron holography. Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP.  ISSN 1463-9076.  21, s 17662- 17672
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Tor Grande & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2019). Compositional Engineering of a La1-xBaxCoO3-δ-(1-a) BaZr0.9Y0.1O2.95 (a = 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 and x = 0.5, 0.6, 0.7) Nanocomposite Cathodes for Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells. Materials.  ISSN 1996-1944.  12
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Tor Grande & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2019). Microstructural and compositional optimization of La0.5Ba0.5CoO3−δ —BaZr1−zYzO3−δ (z = 0, 0.05 and 0.1) nanocomposite cathodes for protonic ceramic fuel cells. Journal of Physics: Energy.  ISSN 2515-7655.  2
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Bilge Yildiz; Harry Tuller & Rune Bredesen (2018). Adsorption of CO2 and Facile Carbonate Formation on BaZrO3 Surfaces. Journal of Physical Chemistry C.  ISSN 1932-7447.  122, s 307- 314
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Mehdi Pishahang & Rune Bredesen (2018). Influence of Ce3+ polarons on grain boundary space-charge in proton conducting Y-doped BaCeO3. Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP.  ISSN 1463-9076.  20, s 16209- 16215
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Bilge Yildiz & Harry Tuller (2018). Origin of fast oxide ion diffusion along grain boundaries in Sr-doped LaMnO3. Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP.  ISSN 1463-9076.  20, s 19142- 19150
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Sandrine Ricote; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Tor Grande; Ryan P. O'Hayre & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2018). High-Performance La0.5Ba0.5Co1/3Mn1/3Fe1/3O3−δ-BaZr1−zYzO3−δ Cathode Composites via an Exsolution Mechanism for Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells. Inorganics.  ISSN 2304-6740.  6, s 1- 14
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Laura Rioja-Monllor; Takashi Nakamura; Sandrine Ricote; Ryan O’Hayre; Koji Amezawa; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2018). Effect of Cation Ordering on the Performance and Chemical Stability of Layered Double Perovskite Cathodes. Materials.  ISSN 1996-1944.  11
  • Rokas Sazinas; Isao Sakaguchi; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2018). 96Zr Tracer Diffusion in AZro3 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba). Inorganics.  ISSN 2304-6740.  6
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Jing Yang & Bilge Yildiz (2018). Interplay between H2O and CO2 coadsorption and space-charge on Y-doped BaZrO3 surfaces. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.  ISSN 2050-7488.  6, s 24823- 24830
  • Rokas Sazinas; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2017). Toughening of Y-doped BaZrO3 proton conducting electrolytes by hydration. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.  ISSN 2050-7488.  5, s 5846- 5857
  • Rokas Sazinas; Isao Sakaguchi; Ida Margrete Hasle; Jonathan M. Polfus; Reidar Haugsrud; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2017). Tracer diffusion of 96Zr and 134Ba in polycrystalline BaZrO3. Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP.  ISSN 1463-9076.  19, s 21878- 21886
  • Rokas Sazinas; Isao Sakaguchi; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2017). 134Ba diffusion in polycrystalline BaMO3 (M = Ti, Zr, Ce). AIP Advances.  ISSN 2158-3226.  7
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Tor Svendsen Bjørheim; Truls Norby & Rune Bredesen (2016). Surface defect chemistry of Y-substituted and hydrated BaZrO3 with subsurface space-charge regions. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.  ISSN 2050-7488.  4, s 7437- 7444
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Annett Thøgersen; Marit Dalseth Riktor; Truls Norby & Rune Bredesen (2016). Solubility of transition metal interstitials in proton conducting BaZrO3 and similar perovskite oxides. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.  ISSN 2050-7488.  4, s 8105- 8112
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Kristin Høydalsvik; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2016). Effect of A-Site Cation Ordering on Chemical Stability, Oxygen Stoichiometry and Electrical Conductivity in Layered LaBaCo2O5+d Double Perovskite. Materials.  ISSN 1996-1944.  9
  • Rokas Sazinas; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2016). Effect of CO2 Exposure on the Chemical Stability and Mechanical Properties of BaZrO3‐Ceramics. Journal of The American Ceramic Society.  ISSN 0002-7820.  99, s 3685- 3695
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Truls Eivind Norby & Rune Bredesen (2016). Proton segregation and space-charge at the BaZrO3 (0 0 1)/MgO (0 0 1) heterointerface. Solid State Ionics.  ISSN 0167-2738.  297, s 77- 81

View all works in Cristin

  • Annett Thøgersen; Spyridon Diplas; Kathrin Michel; Tor Svendsen Bjørheim; Øystein Prytz & Truls Eivind Norby (2020). The surface of CeO2 unravelled.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2019). Electrodics for proton ceramic electrochemical cells - positrodes.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2019). Electrodics for protonics.
  • Truls Eivind Norby & Liv-Elisif Queseth Kalland (2019). Protons in heavily doped CeO2 and related compounds.
  • Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2019). Composite Cathodes for Proton Ceramic Fuel Cells.
  • Tarjei Bondevik; Øystein Prytz & Truls Eivind Norby (2019). Investigation of the electrostatic potential of a grain boundary in Y-substituted BaZrO3 using inline electron holography.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2019). Ions and electrons at interfaces of functional ionic materials.
  • Truls Eivind Norby; Xin Liu; Tor Svendsen Bjørheim & Reidar Haugsrud (2019). Hydride ion conduction.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2018). Hydrogen (prisforedrag for Guldberg-Waage-medaljen 2018).
  • Per Martin Rørvik; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Joachim Seland Graff; Wen Xing; Christelle Denonville & Yngve Larring (2018). Hydrogensamfunnet og keramiske membraner.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2018). Dekarbonisering - henger Norge med?.
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Jing Yang; Harry Tuller; Bilge Yildiz & Rune Bredesen (2018). Interplay between H2O/CO2 coadsorption and space-charge on Y-doped BaZrO3 surfaces.
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Jing Yang; Harry Tuller; Bilge Yildiz & Rune Bredesen (2018). Coadsorption of H2O and CO2 on BaZrO3-based proton-conducting electrolytes.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2018). Electrodics for proton ceramic electrochemical cells.
  • Truls Eivind Norby; Chen Min & Tarjei Bondevik (2018). Space-charge and its effects on solid-oxide electrode kinetics.
  • Truls Eivind Norby; Chen Min; Tarjei Bondevik & Jonathan M. Polfus (2018). Space Charge Layers and Their Role for Properties of Interfaces in Solid State Ionics.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2018). The chemistries of proton ceramic electrochemical cells.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2018). Electrodics for proton ceramic electrochemical cells (PCECs).
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Sandrine Ricote; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Tor Grande; Ryan P. O'Hayre & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2017). Novel processing of La0.5Ba0.5MO3-δ – BaZr1-xYxO3 cathodes for Proton Ceramic Fuel Cells.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Sandrine Ricote; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Tor Grande; Ryan P. O'Hayre & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2017). Novel processing of La0.5Ba0.5MO3-δ – BaZr1-xYxO3 cathodes for Proton Ceramic Fuel Cells.
  • Per Martin Rørvik; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Joachim Seland Graff; Zuoan Li; Bente Gilbu Tilset & Marit Synnøve Sæverud Stange (2017). Keramiske membraner for hydrogensamfunnet.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Sandrine Ricote; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Tor Grande; Ryan P. O'Hayre & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2017). Novel processing of La0.5Ba0.5CoO3-δ - BaZrO3 cathodes for proton conducting fuel cells.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Ryan P. O'Hayre; Tor Grande & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2017). Novel exsolution method for processing composite cathodes for Protonic Ceramic Fuel Cells.
  • Christelle Denonville & Marie-Laure Fontaine (2017). Alginate "caviar" - A sacrificial template for electrode fabrication.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Laura Rioja-Monllor; Takashi Nakamura; Sandrine Ricote; Ryan P. O'Hayre; Koji Amezawa; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2017). Layered double LnBaCo2O5+d perovskites as cathodes for proton conducting fuel cells.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Laura Rioja-Monllor; Simon L. Jørgensen; Takashi Nakamura; Sandrine Ricote; Ryan P. O'Hayre; Koji Amezawa; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2017). Effect of cation ordering on the chemical stability and triple conductivity (h+, O2- and H+) in layered double perovskite LnBaCo2O5+δ (Ln = La and Y) cathodes.
  • Min Chen; Helena Téllez Lozano; John Druce; Hiroshige Matsumoto; Rokas Sazinas; Jonathan M. Polfus & Truls Eivind Norby (2017). Surface chemistry of BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ and its effect on the electrochemical properties of a Ni/BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ interface for proton ceramic electrochemical cells.
  • Tarjei Bondevik (2017). Charge separation in ceramics investigated by electron holography.
  • Tarjei Bondevik (2017). Space charge layers around barium zirconate grain boundaries.
  • Tarjei Bondevik (2017). Space charge layers around BZY grain boundaries.
  • Tarjei Bondevik (2017). Investigating BaZr0.85Y0.15O3 space charge layers with density functional theory.
  • Mari-Ann Einarsrud; Laura Rioja-Monllor; Tor Grande; Marie-Laure Fontaine & Carlos Bernuy-Lopez (2017). Novel processing of composite cathodes for proton conducting fuel cells by exsolution.
  • Mari-Ann Einarsrud; Laura Rioja-Monllor; Tor Grande; Marie-Laure Fontaine & Carlos Bernuy-Lopez (2017). Novel processing of composite cathodes for proton conducting fuel cells.
  • Truls Eivind Norby (2017). Advances in Proton Ceramic Fuel Cells, Steam Electrolyzers, and Dehydrogenation Reactors Based on Materials and Process Optimizations.
  •  (2017). Next generation fuel cells.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Laura Rioja-Monllor; Sandrine Ricote; Takashi Nakamura; Koji Amezawa; Ryan P. O'Hayre; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2016). Chemical stability and electrochemical performance of double perovskite cathodes for PCFC.
  • Rokas Sazinas (2016). Enhanced mechanical stability of proton conducting Y-doped BaZrO3 solid state electrolytes by hydration.
  • Rokas Sazinas; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2016). Enhanced mechanical stability of proton conducting Y-doped BaZrO3 solid state electrolytes by hydration.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Mari-Ann Einarsrud; Tor Grande; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez & Marie-Laure Fontaine (2016). Novel processing of La0.5Ba0.5CoO3-δ - BaZrO3 composites by exsolution method as cathodes for Proton Conducting Fuel Cells.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Sandrine Ricote; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Tor Grande; Ryan P. O'Hayre & Mari-Ann Einarsrud (2016). PCFC composite cathodes by exsolution mechanism.
  • Bente Gilbu Tilset; Per Martin Rørvik; Yngve Larring; Marie-Laure Fontaine & Jonathan M. Polfus (2016). Keramiske membraner for hydrogensamfunnet.
  • Per Martin Rørvik; Bente Gilbu Tilset; Francesca Lønstad Bleken; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Wen Xing; Joachim Seland Graff & Partow Pakdel Henriksen (2016). Keramiske membraner for hydrogensamfunnet.
  • Min Chen & Truls Norby (2016). Surface chemistry of BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ and its effect on the electrochemical properties of a Ni/BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ interface.
  • Marie-Laure Fontaine; Christelle Denonville; Zuoan Li; Wen Xing; Partow Pakdel Henriksen & Rune Bredesen (2016). Tailoring microstructure and geometry of ion conducting membranes.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez (2016). Control of the cation ordering in Li-garnets and layered double perovskites.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Takashi Nakamura; Koji Amezawa & Tor Grande (2016). Chemical Stability of the Layered LaBaCo2O5+δ Double Perovskite Cathode.
  • Ida Margrete Hasle; Reidar Haugsrud & Jonathan M. Polfus (2016). Computational Studies of Cation Transport in Barium Zirconate.
  • Ida Margrete Hasle; Einar Vøllestad; Reidar Haugsrud; Roger De Souza; Ute Gries & Stephan Waldow (2016). B-site Cation (Zr4+) Diffusion in Yttrium doped Barium Zirconate.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Mari-Ann Einarsrud; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Tor Grande; Ryan P. O'Hayre; Sandrine Ricote & Marie-Laure Fontaine (2016). Novel processing of La0.5Ba0.5CoO3-δ - BaZrO3 cathodes for proton conducting fuel cells.
  • Min Chen & Truls Norby (2016). Space Charge Layer Effect at the Ni/BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ Electrode Interface in Proton Ceramic electrochemical Cells.
  • Mari-Ann Einarsrud; Tor Grande; laura Rioja-Monllor & Carlos Bernuy-Lopez (2016). Synthesis of novel materials for electrochemical conversion – focus on PCFC cathodes.
  • Tor Grande (2016). Enhanced mechanical stability of proton conducting Y-doped BaZrO3 solid state electrolytes by hydration.
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Truls Norby & Rune Bredesen (2016). Proton Conduction Across Interfaces in Y-doped BaZrO3 Investigated by First-Principles Calculations.
  • Truls Norby; Ragnar Strandbakke; Einar Vøllestad; Min Chen; Shay Alexander Robinson & Christian Kjølseth (2016). Proton ceramic electrodics.
  • Truls Norby; Ragnar Strandbakke; Min Chen; Shay Alexander Robinson & Christian Kjølseth (2016). Fundamentals of electrodes for ceramic proton conducting electrolytes.
  •  (2016). New generation of researchers making their mark.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez (2016). El fraude científico: un ejemplo más de corrupción. El Diario de Prensa Digital.
  • Truls Norby (2015). Defect Chemistry for Solid State Ionics.
  • Min Chen & Truls Norby (2015). SPACE CHARGE LAYER EFFECT AT NICKEL/BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ INTERFACES IN PROTONIC CERAMIC FUEL CELLS (second generation model).
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2015). Compatibility studies between La0.5Ba0.5MO3-d (M=Mn, Fe and Co) cathodes and doped-BaZrO3 electrolytes.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Kristin Høydalsvik; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2015). Ordering effects at operating temperatures of LaBaCo2O5+d, a promising SOFC cathode.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Kristin Høydalsvik; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2015). Anion and cation ordering effects in transition metal oxides.
  • Ida Margrete Hasle & Reidar Haugsrud (2015). Metal Cation Inter-diffusion in BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ(BZY).
  • Ida Margrete Hasle & Reidar Haugsrud (2015). Metal Cation Inter-diffusion in BaZr0.9Y0.1O3-δ(BZY).
  • Rokas Sazinas; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2015). Effect of CO2 Exposure on the Chemical Stability and Mechanical Properties of BaZrO3‐Ceramics.
  • Rokas Sazinas; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2015). Chemical and mechanical stability of BaZrO3-materials.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor; Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Marie-Laure Fontaine; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2015). Novel processing of La0.5Ba0.5CoO3-δ - BaZrO3 composites by exsolution of a single phase precursor.
  • Laura Rioja-Monllor (2015). La0.5Ba0.5CoO3-δ - BaZrO3 COMPOSITE MATERIAL AS CATHODE FOR PROTON CONDUCTING FUEL CELLS.
  • Truls Norby & Jonathan M. Polfus (2015). Space Charge Layers and Their Role in Properties of Interfaces in Solid State Ionics.
  • Jonathan M. Polfus; Tor Svendsen Bjørheim; Mehdi Pishahang; Truls Norby & Rune Bredesen (2015). Influence of space-charge on the surface defect chemistry of BaZrO3.
  • Jonathan M. Polfus (2015). First-principles studies of defects and interfaces in perovskite ceramics.
  • Truls Norby; Reidar Haugsrud & Jonathan M. Polfus (2015). Defects and transport in proton conducting BZY.
  • Rune Bredesen (2015). The FOXCET Project - a nationally coordinated NANO2021 project.
  • Carlos Bernuy-Lopez; Kristin Høydalsvik; Mari-Ann Einarsrud & Tor Grande (2015). Correlation Between Cation Ordering and Oxygen Vacancies in Layered Double Perovskite Cathodes.

View all works in Cristin

Tags: Materials science, Proton conductors, Gas separation membranes
Published Nov. 12, 2014 1:27 PM - Last modified Mar. 31, 2020 8:55 PM

Contact

Project leader:
Rune Bredesen
+47-93811279

SINTEF
Materials and Chemistry
Forskningsveien 1, Oslo