Sem Sælands vei 24
Jan Olav Eeg, UiO
Recent measurements for direct CP-violation in decays of neutral charmed mesons (explicitly D0-> K+ + K- and/or D0 -> π+ + π- ) might indicate the existence of New Physics beyond the Standard Model. A concrete model to explain the effect is proposed by Altmannshofer et al. This model, based on a colored flavor changing scalar, will also generate a new contribution to the electric dipole moment of the neutron (NEDM). I present a calculation for this quantity within the proposed New Physics model. The calculation shows that the obtained value for the NEDM within the model is close to its experimental bound.
Olav Syljuåsen, UiO
Quantum mechanics predicts that a particle in a periodic potential will oscillate when a constant force acts on it. The oscillation pattern is rather unusual from a classical point of view as it is the external force which determines its frequency and amplitude. Such Bloch oscillations were for a long time controversial, and it took about sixty years until they were finally observed in semiconductor superlattices. In this talk I will discuss the possibility of observing Bloch oscillations in magnetic materials. In particular I will focus on neutron signatures of Bloch oscillations in one-dimensional anisotropic ferromagnets.
Liliana Velasco-Sevilla, Universität Hamburg
The Standard Model (SM) has successfully described most part of the interactions of elementary particles, however it has many free parameters, most of them related to the masses and the mixing of its fermions. The Higgs mechanism explains the existence the SM fermion masses, but it does not explain the mass spectrum, the mixing pattern and the number of generations of matter. These three last issues are collectively known as the flavour problem and the Charge-Parity (CP) violation is known as the CP problem.
Flavour and CP observables constrain severely extensions of the SM. However, this is a chance to test mechanisms that could solve flavour and CP issues and which may be only realizable in supersymmetry or other extensions of the SM. Then, I will review recent flavour and CP observations. In the third part, I will talk about the possibilities to solve these problems in supersymmetry. Finally, I will mention perspectives to identify signatures of the supersymmetric flavour violating parameters from experiments at the LHC.
Bryan Zaldivar, Université Libre de Bruxelles
This talk is about mechanisms to generate the observed Dark Matter abundance, which has not been in thermal equilibrium with the radiation plasma in the early universe. They are complementary to the standard "WIMP" paradigm. Special focus on the inflationary reheating period is given. Finally, some thoughts about possible implications of primordial gravitational waves's measurements on Dark Matter are presented.
Parampreet Singh Walia, UiO
The cosmological predictions of the angular power spectrum and structure formation are dependent on the chosen initial conditions of perturbations at early radiation dominated epoch. I will start by introducing the general mathematically possible initial conditions for scalar perturbations. Single field inflationary models produce Adiabatic initial conditions and the current CMB data strongly supports adiabatic initial conditions. With multi-field inflationary models one can produce isocurvature perturbations. A signal for isocurvature perturbations is of high importance for particle physicists as they predict the existence of exotic particles like axions and curvatons. I would present my work on trying to find an evidence for a (possibly) correlated adiabatic and isocurvature mode. The CMB datasets used for constraining models are WMAP9, QUaD and ACBAR. In the end, I would discuss the current status of isocurvature perturbations after PLANCK.
Christoph Weniger, University of Amsterdam
One of the major challenges of astroparticle research is to uncover the particle nature of dark matter. Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are the most popular candidates and currently scrutinized by a large number of experiments. In particular indirect searches for the self-annihilation products of WIMPs in the gamma- and cosmic-ray sky are a promising avenue to follow. I will discuss different techniques that aim at an identification of a dark matter contribution over the astrophysical background, recent claims for dark matter signals in the Fermi LAT data, and challenges for future experiments.
Francesca Calore, University of Amsterdam
Discovering Dark Matter (DM) interactions with ordinary matter, other than gravity, is the current challenge of DM detection experiments. Notably, the indirect detection looks for the final stable products of DM annihilation as rare components of cosmic rays.
For typical DM WIMP candidates the two-body annihilation rate today is suppressed because of helicity arguments. Luckily, the emission of an additional vector boson in the final state may play an important role in enhancing the discovery potential of this particularly well motivated DM candidate with current and future gamma-rays experiments.
I will show how the sharp spectral features at the high energy end of the gamma-ray spectrum induced by electromagnetic corrections can be promisingly looked for with gamma-ray telescopes.
I will then demonstrate that also electroweak bremsstrahlung, whose first fully general calculation in the framework of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) I will present, might alter significantly the energy spectra of gamma rays and imply an annihilation into three-body final states at a rate several orders of magnitude above the tree-level result.
Joakim Bergli, UiO
Maxwell's demon was invented almost 150 years ago to illustrate the statistical nature of thermodynamics. Since then, it has stimulated new ideas about the interplay of entropy and information, with new elements entering the discussion even up to the present. I will summarize key ideas which are relevant and then discuss recent work on the possibility of creating a Maxwell demon in nanoelectronic devices.