Disputation: Alexandra Zaputlyaeva
Doctoral candidate Alexandra Zaputlyaeva at the Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, is defending the thesis Fluid geochemistry and migration processes at the Lusi mud eruption, Indonesia for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor.
Alexandra Zaputlyaeva. Photo: MN/UiO
The PhD defence and trial lecture are fully digital and streamed using Zoom. The host of the session will moderate the technicalities while the chair of the defence will moderate the disputation.
Ex auditorio questions: the chair of the defence will invite the audience to ask ex auditorio questions either written or oral. This can be requested by clicking 'Participants -> Raise hand'.
Geological processes controlling the surface expressions of sediment-hosted hydrothermal systems, ranging from gas-dominated systems to systems with massive sulfide deposition
Conferral summary (in Norwegian)
Avhandlingen utforsker mekanismene som driver det nylige Lusi-utbruddet – et komplekst aktivt avgassingssystem assosiert med vulkansk aktivitet i det petroleumsrike Øst-Java sedimentbassenget i Indonesia. Denne multidisiplinære studien beskriver den geokjemiske sammensetningen og opprinnelsen til bergartsfragmentene og det varme vannet som kommer ut gjennom utbruddet, deres migrasjonsmønster og de potensielle farene for miljøet.
Main research findings
Popular scientific article about Zaputlyaeva’s dissertation:
The Lusi eruption and the interaction between volcanic and sedimentary domains
Lusi is a large hydrothermal vent system, constantly erupting since 14 years in the East Java sedimentary basin. Its activity is fuelled by a subsurface magmatic intrusion and associated hydrothermal fluid migration taking place at ~4.5 km depth. This thesis investigates the geochemical processes that triggered the eruption of massive amounts of gas, water, oil, mud, and rock clasts. A set of combined geological-geochemical-geophysical methods revealed the pathways for the continuous regional migration of mantle-derived volatiles from the volcanic complex towards the sedimentary basin. Results indicated ongoing hydrocarbon generation at depth, ultimately leading to the continuous eruption of large amounts of oil and gas at the crater site.
Extensive flow rate monitoring and mud sampling allowed to estimate that more than 0.3 cubic kilometers of mud and 0.3 million tonnes of oil have been erupted during the first 13 years of Lusi activity. These large volumes of discharged fluids represent a potential environmental hazard for the neighbouring aquatic system where they are being released. Further, this study provides insights to understand the similarly operating palaeo hydrothermal vent complexes that have been suggested to contribute to rapid climate change and mass extinctions since 260 Ma.
Photo and other information:
Press photo: Alexandra Zaputlyaeva, portrait; 500px. Photo: MN/UiO