Solid and Salt Precipitation Kinetics during CO2 Injection into Reservoir – SaltPreCO2
Safe and secure Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) relies on a good knowledge of chemical and mechanical processes that can occur during subsurface CO2 injection. These processes affect the fluid flow properties in porous media (matrix or fracture systems). In large CCS projects, the goal is to scale-up to gigatons (billion tons) of injected CO2 per year. On such huge CO2 storage operations, it is crucial to thoroughly investigate coupled processes at different length-scales, time-scales, and operational conditions. With the SaltPreCO2 project, we aim to get better knowledge about CO2 injectivity and containment.
SaltPreCO2: The flow of reactive fluids and solute transport lead to fluid-rock interactions and dissolution–precipitation events inside the porous medium. See larger figure. Figure: SaltPreCO2.
About the project
In the SaltPreCO2 project, we focus on reactive transport and CO2-brine-rock interactions during subsurface injection of CO2 into saline aquifers. The project outcomes will help gain a better understanding of coupled hydraulic–mechanical–chemical (HMC) processes in porous media and predict dissolution-precipitation phenomena induced by CO2 plume movements deep in the Earth subsurface.
To better understand and predict geoprocesses, the research project SaltPreCO2 pursues the following goals:
- Develop state-of-the-art microfluidic systems coupled with Raman spectroscopy to determine real-time thermodynamic properties of the CO2-brine system in the presence of different solid substrates
- Recognize the underlying physics, dynamics, and influencing factors on CO2-induced solid and salt precipitation for a broad range of thermodynamic and geochemical conditions
- Investigate the influence of reactive fluids on crystal growth and mineral dissolution, and their impacts on the geomechanical properties in reservoir conditions
- Predict risks associated with the CO2 injection into saline aquifers based on a comprehensive and state-of-the-art understanding of the coupled HMC processes
The SaltPreCO2 project is awarded funding from the EEA and Norway Grants under the GREIG Program (grant number 690582).
It is part of the Basic Research Program operated by the Polish National Science Centre in cooperation with the Research Council of Norway.
The SaltPreCO2 project is funded for the period of 2020-2023.
The SaltPreCO2 project is carried out in cooperation with researchers from AGH – University of Science and Technology in Krakow, Poland.
Nooraiepour, Mohammad; Masoudi, Mohammad & Hellevang, Helge (2021). Probabilistic nucleation governs time, amount, and location of mineral precipitation and geometry evolution in the porous medium. Scientific Reports. ISSN 2045-2322. 11. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-95237-7. Full text in Research Archive
Nooraiepour, Mohammad; Masoudi, Mohammad; Shokri, Nima & Hellevang, Helge (2021). Probabilistic Nucleation and Crystal Growth in Porous Medium: New Insights from Calcium Carbonate Precipitation on Primary and Secondary Substrates. ACS Omega. ISSN 2470-1343. 6(42), p. 28072–28083. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.1c04147. Full text in Research Archive
Sharifi, Javad; Nooraiepour, Mohammad & Mondol, Md Nazmul Haque (2021). Application of the Analysis of Variance for Converting Dynamic to Static Young’s Modulus. In SPE, , (Eds.), SPE Europec featured at 82nd EAGE conference and exhibition, October 18-21, 2021, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Society of Petroleum Engineers. ISSN 9781613997918. doi: 10.3997/2214-4609.202012000.
Nooraiepour, Mohammad; Fazeli, Hossein; Masoudi, Mohammad & Hellevang, Helge (2021). Effect of Mineral Heterogeneity on Fracture Dissolution in Carbonate-Rich Caprocks During Subsurface Co2 Injection. In SPE, , (Eds.), SPE Europec featured at 82nd EAGE conference and exhibition, October 18-21, 2021, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Society of Petroleum Engineers. ISSN 9781613997918. doi: 10.3997/2214-4609.202011174.
Masoudi, Mohammad; Nooraiepour, Mohammad & Hellevang, Helge (2022). On the effect of probabilistic nucleation on the distribution of mineral precipitates in porous media. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts. doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-8398.
Nooraiepour, Mohammad & Hellevang, Helge (2021). Reactive transport and geometry evolution of the porous medium: A geochemical perspective.
Masoudi, Mohammad; Nooraiepour, Mohammad; Berntsen, Andreas Nicolas & Hellevang, Helge (2021). How to bridge between different time and length scales using a new probabilistic approach for mineral nucleation and growth.
Masoudi, Mohammad; Nooraiepour, Mohammad; Berntsen, Andreas Nicolas & Hellevang, Helge (2021). A new probabilistic nucleation model to predict crystal growth in porous medium.
Nooraiepour, Mohammad; Masoudi, Mohammad; Fazeli, Hossein & Hellevang, Helge (2021). Geometry evolution and fracture alteration controlled by spatial mineral heterogeneity during CO2 sequestration -A reactive transport study.
Hellevang, Helge; Nooraiepour, Mohammad; Masoudi, Mohammad & Fazeli, Hossein (2020). Statistical Model for Mineral Nucleation and Growth.
Tjoflot, Gunn Kristin & Nooraiepour, Mohammad (2020). Porous Media Tea Time Talks – A new webinar series. [Internet]. https://www.mn.uio.no/geo/english/research/projects/saltprec.