Guest lecture: Daniel Gryko

Daniel Gryko (Polish Academy of Sciences) will give a guest lecture entitled "Pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyrroles and Diketopyrrolopyrroles - Functional Heterocycles for Optoelectronic Applications"

Image may contain: White, Text, Diagram, Design, Line.


Recently we have discovered and optimized the first practical synthesis of non-fused pyrrole[3,2-b]pyrroles via domino reaction of aldehydes, primary amines, and butane-2,3-dione [1]. Six bonds are formed in heretofore unknown tandem process, which gives rise to substituted pyrrole[3,2-b]pyrroles – the ‘missing link’ on the map of aromatic heterocycles. The parent 1,4-dihydro-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyrroles served as building block to construct various π-expanded analogs including nitrogen-embedded buckybowl with inverse Stone–Thrower–Wales topology [2] and diindolo[2,3-b:2',3'-f]pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyrroles. These compounds constitute the most electron-rich ladder-type heteroacenes known to date - EHOMO was located at ca. −4.6 eV. Strongly fluorescent diindolo[2,3-b:2',3'-f]pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyrroles represent the only existing compounds bearing the pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyrrolo[2',3':4,5]pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrrole core. In this presentation, I also would like to report three major discoveries related to chemistry of diketopyrrolopyrroles made during the last few months. Namely: (1) the entirely new method to synthesize unsymmetrical diketopyrrolopyrroles possessing three different substituents; (2) breakthrough methodology leading to novel type of π-expanded diketopyrrolopyrroles; and (3) boron-complexes of diketopyrrolopyrroles with superb emission properties. These three discoveries taken together ensure that diketopyrrolopyrroles will continue to attract attention for years to come.


  1. Krzeszewski, M.; Gryko, D.; Gryko, D. T. Acc. Chem. Res., 2017, 50, 2334.
  2. Mishra, S.; Krzeszewski, M.; Pignedoli, C. A.; Ruffieux, P.; Fasel, R.; Gryko, D. T. ‘, Nature Commun. 2018, 1714.
Published Dec. 1, 2019 9:57 PM - Last modified Dec. 1, 2019 9:57 PM