Trung Tuyen Truong
(My name in native language is Trương Trung Tuyến. Trương is the surname (usually has no meaning), while Trung Tuyến together has this meaning: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Median_(geometry) Informally, I am called "Tuyến", which sounds like "Twain" in Mark Twain.)
I am very excited to work here at University of Oslo, with a long tradition of strong research and teaching, where Niels Henrik Abel used to be. My research is in Several Complex Variables, Dynamical Systems and related topics in Algebraic Geometry. I am also keen to applications of these fields. Originally from Vietnam, I traveled all around the world studying and working : Indiana University (USA) PhD, 20062012, under the supervision of Professor Eric Bedford; Syracuse University (USA), Postdoc, 2012  2014; Korea Institute for Advanced Study (South Korea), Postdoc, 20142015; and The University of Adelaide (Australia), Postdoc 2015  2017; before coming here to Oslo. My PhD dissertation was on pullback of positive closed currents by meromorphic maps.
Some of my current research topics are: algebraic interpolation, embedding of algebraic curves in the complex plane, geometry and dynamics of Abelian varieties and their quotients, relations between Weil's Riemann hypothesis and standard conjectures and dynamical systems. A common theme is my enthusiasm in applying computers into solving problems, both in pure theory and in real life applications.
Recently, I also do research on Gradient Descent methods and applications in Deep Learning, with help from (Random) Dynamical Systems and Geometry research. My joint work arXiv:1808.05160 demonstrated the feasibility and good performance of Backtracking Gradient Descent in Deep Neural Networks, and the results therein have been vindicated by subsequent work by other authors such as arXiv:1905.09997.
In another recent paper arXiv:2006.01512, my collaborators and I proposed a new modification of Newton's method, roughly having the following property: if the sequence {x_n}, constructed by the new method from a random initial point x_0, converges, then the limit point is a local minimum, and the rate of convergence is quadratic. The complexity of the algorithm is O(m^3) at each step, where m is the dimension.
In the series of two papers arXiv:2102.04405 and arXiv:2104.12660, joint with Fei Hu, I propose a new approach towards the long standing open questions of generalised Weil's Riemann hypothesis and semisimplicity for polarised endomorphisms. Our approach is less demanding than the approach through Standard conjectures by Bombieri and Grothendieck.
Since I am concerned about the correctness of the proofs of claims in mathematics (in many cases  most of cases, I think  people either do not have the competence or time to check, and hence just believe the claims, in particular if the claimants are famous), I am doing research also in Automated Proof Checking. It is interesting to know that there is growing interest of applying Machine Learning techniques into Automated Proof Checking. By CurryHoward correspondence, roughly speaking, checking the correctness of mathematical proofs are equivalent to verifying the correctness of computer programs. Therefore, if the mentioned idea works well, then it will influence enormously both whole mathematics and your daily life (given that computers and computer softwares are now universal).
Main thought about the refereeing/evaluating processes (journal, grant committees, TV debate, discussion, whatever): It will be in vain to try to improve this system if one side is given the wholesome power, and the other side has no chance even to reply to the claims made by the powerful side. In politics, it is called dictatorship. No one likes it!
To whom it may concern: if you (a referee, an editor, committee member, of a journal or a grant or ...) don't understand something someone spent time and time wrote, please do not pretend you are an expert and provide some halfbaked advice, just say it frankly. It will be helpful for the society, and also will be good for you. Give people at least one chance to reply to your comments/criticism, you know well that you (either as an individual or a group) can be wrong (even in something you concern yourself an expert), and check the response objectively. Please be nice and fair to other people: the third law of Newton always applies, or if you like mystery then you can say about karma! Don't worry, there will be many people who can get the job done, whatever the job is, and among them many you don't know before. Don't underestimate the intelligence of other people, they are not inferior to anyone!
Note: Don't believe in a blog if they don't allow you to post comments in opposite to their stand. Using this criterion, I don't have much truth in such blogs. Those blogs may serve some hidden agenda. It's only a personal opinion though.
AI in Practical Life: Understanding and appreciating the power of Deep Learning techniques to solve many difficult practical questions in real life and science/education, I have cofounded an AI startup to have more resources for the purpose. See more here [Northern Torus Artificial Intelligence AS]
Membership:
2020: I am a supporter/member of CLAIRE (Confederation of laboratories for Artificial intelligent research in Europe).
Supervision:
Spring 2022: supervisor for research undergraduate student (MAT2000) Sophus Bredesen Gullbekk on the topic: Backtracking gradient descent in Deep Neural Networks.
Spring 2021: supervisor for research undergraduate student (MAT2000) Erling Pettersen Vollan on the topic: Backtracking gradient descent and large scale applications.
Fall 2020  current: Fei Hu, Postdoc, working in pure mathematics. This position is funded from Research Council of Norway grant 300814.
Fall 2020  current: Viktor Balch Barth, PhD student, working in pure mathematics. I am the main advisor, cosupervising with . This position is funded from Research Council of Norway grant 300814.
Fall 2019current: Maged Abdalla Helmy Abdou (Industrial PhD student, Informatics Department), working in Deep Learning in medical imaging. I am a cosupervisor, together with Eric Jul and Paulo Ferreira.
Fall 2018  current: Giovanni Domenico Di Salvo (PhD student, Mathematics Department), working in Several Complex Variables. I am the main advisor, cosupervising with Erlend Fornaess Wold.
Spring semester 2019: Supervisor for 4 research undergraduate students (course MAT2000): Besmira Amiti and Max Magnus Nils Rafstedt (gradient descent methods and applications in Deep Learning), Jon Elstad Maage and Christian Schive (Grobner Basis).
Research grants:
Member of MSCACofundDP, #945371, ERC, 5 year grants funding for PhD positions, 2020.
PI of Young Research Talents grant, #300814, Research Council of Norway, 2020  2024
Supported (indirectly) by the Australian Research Council grants DP120104110 and DP150103442, 2015  2017.
PI of "Young and pioneering scientist development", Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (Republic of Korea), 20142015.
Editorial work:
2021  current: Reviewer board for the journal Axioms (MDPI). This is an open journal.
2020  current: The journal Experimental Results (Cambridge University Press) (link). I am Reviewing Editor (for Control systems and Optimisation in the Engineering section) and an Editor (for the section Mathematics, Statistics and Probability). Some special features of this journal: It publishes standalone experimental results (whether positive or negative). The journal is open for almost all fields in science, computer and mathematics. Its referee process is open: authors know who refereed their papers, and if a paper is accepted then referees reports for the paper is also published simultaneously  this is in harmony with my publishing philosophy, please see my more personal website (link below) for more detail. It is Open Access, you need to pay a fee, but then all people can read the paper for free. (You can check the journal webpage to see if you can get partial or total fee waiver. You can also check if your institution has some agreements with Cambridge University Press concerning the fee.)
Conferences and meetings organising:
Others:
My hobbies include: reading, swimming and diving, listening to music, hanging out with friends, travelling, playing the game of Go, and solving mazes.
Here is my personal webpage:
https://sites.google.com/site/tuyentruongswebpage/home
I also have accounts on Wikipedia, Quora and Reddit on optimisation there.
Publications
Selected preprints:
Tuyen Trung Truong, Backtracking New QNewton's method: a good algorithm for optimization and solving systems of equations, arXiv:2209.05378. This paper supersedes the 3 previous ones: arXiv:2108.10249, arXiv: 2109.11395, and arXiv:2110.07403. Source code is available at GitHub's link: [Link]
Cinzia Bisi, Jonathan D. Hauenstein and Tuyen Trung Truong, Some interesting birational morphisms of smooth affine quadric 3folds, arXiv:2208.14327
Charles Favre, Tuyen Trung Truong and Junyi Xie, Topological entropy of a rational map over a complete metrized field, arXiv:2208.00668
Fei Hu and Tuyen Trung Truong, A dynamical approach to generalized Weil's Riemann hypothesis and semisimplicity, arXiv:2102.04405 (The older version contains also other results which will be developed in another paper later)
Tuyen Trung Truong, Unconstrained optimisation on Riemannian manifolds, arXiv:2008.11091.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Tat Dat To, (Tuan Hang) HangTuan Nguyen, Thu Hang Nguyen, Hoang Phuong Nguyen and Maged Helmy, A modification of quasiNewton's methods helping to avoid saddle points, arXiv:2006.01512. Source code is available on GitHub (Link)
Tuyen Trung Truong, Strong submeasures and applications to noncompact dynamical systems, arXiv:1910.06394. This is extracted and developed from the more dynamical part of arXiv: 1712.02490.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Bounded birationality problem is computable, 17 pages. Preprint: arXiv: 1801.00901. (An extended version, 20 pages, which contains additional results compared to the arXiv version, is available on my personal webpage.)
Tuyen Trung Truong, Relations between dynamical degrees, Weil's Riemann hypothesis and the standard conjectures, 20 pages. Preprint arXiv: 1611.01124.
Selected published papers:
Maged Helmy, Tuyen Trung Truong, Eric Jul and Paulo Ferreira, Deep Learning and Computer vision techniques for microcirculation analysis: a review, arXiv:2205.05493. Accepted in Patterns (Cell Press, Elsevier).
Fei Hu and Tuyen Trung Truong, An inequality for polarized endomorphisms, arXiv:2104.12660. Accepted in Archiv der Mathematik.
Maged Helmy, Anastasiya Dykyy, Tuyen Trung Truong, Paulo Ferreira, Eric Jul, CapillaryNet: An automated system to analyze microcirculation videos from handheld vital microscopy, arXiv:2104.11574. Accepted in Artificial Intelligence in Medicine.
Tuyen Trung Truong and (Tuan Hang) HangTuan Nguyen, Backtracking gradient descent method and some applications in Large scale optimisation. Part 1: Theory, accepted in Minimax Theory and its Applications. This is the more theoretical part of arXiv: 1808.05160, with some additional experiments. Accompanying source codes are available on GitHub: [Link]
Tuyen Trung Truong. Strong sub measures and applications to noncompact dynamical systems, (this is the more dynamical part of arXiv: 1712.02490), accepted in Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems. The paper is Open Access. doi.org/10.1017/etds.2020.132
Tuyen Trung Truong, When will a sequence of points in a Riemannian submanifold converge? (Mostly a survey paper, invited submission.) Special issue "Riemannian geometry of submanifolds", journal: Mathematics (MDPI), 2020, 8 (11), 1934. This is open access [Link to the paper] .
Tuyen Trung Truong and (Tuan Hang) HangTuan Nguyen, Backtracking Gradient Descent method and some applications in Large scale optimisation. Part 2: algorithms and experiments. The main part of the paper is based on the more experimental part of arXiv:1808.05160, together with arXiv:2001.02005 and arXiv:2007.03618. Accompanying source codes are available on GitHub: [Link] Published online in Applied Mathematics and Optimization. The paper is Open Access. doi:10.1007/s00245020097188. [Link to PDF]
Tuyen Trung Truong, Some new theoretical and computational results around the Jacobian conjecture, developed and revised from preprint arXiv: 1503.08733. Accepted in International Journal of Mathematics.
Finnur Larusson and Tuyen Trung Truong, Approximation and interpolation of regular maps from affine varieties to algebraic manifolds, 9 pages. Preprint: arXiv: 1706.00519. Accepted in Mathematica Scandinavia.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Etale dynamical systems and topological entropy, 13 pages. Preprint arXiv: 1607.07412. Accepted in Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society.
Shalom Kaliman, Frank Kutzschebauch and Tuyen Trung Truong, On subelliptic manifolds, 12 pages. Preprint arXiv: 1611.01311v3. Accepted in Israel Journal of Mathematics.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Relative dynamical degrees of correspondences over a field of arbitrary characteristic, 41 pages. Preprint arXiv: 1605.05049. Accepted in Journal fur die Reine und Agnewandte Mathematik (Crelle's journal). DOI: 10.1515/crelle20170052.
TienCuong Dinh, VietAnh Nguyen and Tuyen Trung Truong, Growth of the number of periodic points of meromorphic maps, 18 pages. Preprint arXiv: 1601.03910. Accepted in Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society.
Finnur Larusson and Tuyen Trung Truong, Algebraic subellipticity and dominability of blowups of affine spaces, 10 pages. Preprint: arXiv: 1606.08115. Accepted in Documenta Mathematica.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Comments on Sampson's approach toward Hodge conjecture on Abelian varieties, accepted in Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata. Preprint arXiv: 1409.0495.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Automorphisms of blowups of threefolds being Fano or having Picard number 1, accepted in Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems. Preprint arXiv: 1501.01515.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Some dynamical properties of pseudoautomorphisms in dimension 3. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 368 (2016), no 1, 727753.
Keiji Oguiso and Tuyen Trung Truong, Explicit examples of rational and CalabiYau threefolds with primitive automorphisms of positive entropy. Kodaira Centennial Volume, J. Math. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 22 (2015), no 1, 361385.
TienCuong Dinh, VietAnh Nguyen and Tuyen Trung Truong, Equidistribution for meromorphic maps with dominant topological degree. Indiana University Journal of Mathematics 64, No 6 (2015), 18051828.
Dan Coman and Tuyen Trung Truong, Geometric properties of upper level sets of Lelong numbers on projective spaces. Mathematische Annalen 361 (2015), no 34, 981994.
Fabrizio Catanese, Keiji Oguiso and Tuyen Trung Truong, Unirationality of the UenoCampana's threefold. Manuscripta Mathematica 145 (2014), no 34, 399406.
Kenji Oguiso and Tuyen Trung Truong, Salem numbers in dynamics of Kahler 3folds and complex tori. Mathematische Zeitschrift 278 (2014), no 12, 93117.
Tuyen Trung Truong, The simplicity of the first spectral radius of a meromorphic map. Michigan Mathematics Journal 63 (2014), no 3, 623633.
Dang Duc Trong, Cao Xuan Phuong, Dinh Ngoc Thanh and Tuyen Trung Truong, Tikhonov's regularization to deconvolution problem, Communications in Statistics: Theory and Methods, vol 43, issue 20, 2014, pp. 43844400.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Pullback of currents by meromorphic maps, Bulletin de la Societe Mathematique de France 141 (2013), no 4, 517555.
TienCuong Dinh, VietAnh Nguyen and Tuyen Trung Truong, On the dynamical degrees of meromorphic maps preserving a fibration, Communications in Contemporary Mathematics 14, 1250042, 2012.
Tuyen Trung Truong, Degree complexities of birational maps related to matrix inversions: Symmetric case, Mathematische Zeitschrift 270 (2012), no 34, 725738.
Eric Bedford and Tuyen Trung Truong, Degree complexities of birational maps related to matrix inversion, Communications in Mathematical Physics 298 (2010), no. 2, 357368.

Helmy, Maged; Truong, Trung Tuyen; Jul, Eric Bartley & Ferreira, Paulo (2022). Deep Learning and Computer Vision Techniques for Microcirculation Analysis: A Review. Patterns. ISSN 26663899.

Hu, Fei & Truong, Trung Tuyen (2022). An inequality for polarized endomorphisms. Archiv der Mathematik. ISSN 0003889X.

Helmy, Maged; Truong, Trung Tuyen; Dykyy, Anastasiya; Ferreira, Paulo & Jul, Eric Bartley (2022). CapillaryNet: An automated system to quantify skin capillary density and red blood cell velocity from handheld vital microscopy. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. ISSN 09333657. 127. doi: 10.1016/j.artmed.2022.102287. Full text in Research Archive

Truong, Tuyen Trung & Nguyen, HangTuan (2022). Backtracking gradient descent method and some applications in Large scale optimisation. Part 1: Theory. Minimax Theory and its Applications. ISSN 21991413. Show summary

Truong, Tuyen Trung (2020). Strong submeasures and applications to noncompact dynamical systems. Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems. ISSN 01433857. doi: 10.1017/etds.2020.132. Full text in Research Archive

Truong, Tuyen Trung (2020). When will a sequence of points in a Riemannian submanifold converge? Mathematics. ISSN 22277390. 8(11). doi: 10.3390/math8111934. Full text in Research Archive

Truong, Tuyen Trung & Nguyen, HangTuan (2020). Backtracking Gradient Descent Method and Some Applications in Large Scale Optimisation. Part 2: Algorithms and Experiments. Applied Mathematics and Optimization. ISSN 00954616. doi: 10.1007/s00245020097188. Full text in Research Archive

Truong, Tuyen Trung (2020). Some new theoretical and computational results around the Jacobian conjecture. International Journal of Mathematics. ISSN 0129167X. 31(7). doi: 10.1142/S0129167X20500500. Full text in Research Archive

Truong, Tuyen Trung (2020). Etale dynamical systems and topological entropy. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society. ISSN 00029939. doi: 10.1090/proc/14100.

Larusson, Finnur & Truong, Tuyen Trung (2019). Approximation and interpolation of regular maps from affine varieties to algebraic manifolds. Mathematica Scandinavica. ISSN 00255521. 125(2), p. 199–209. doi: 10.7146/math.scand.a114893.

Kaliman, Shulim; Kutzschebauch, Frank & Truong, Tuyen Trung (2018). On subelliptic manifolds. Israel Journal of Mathematics. ISSN 00212172. 228(1), p. 229–247. doi: 10.1007/s1185601817607.

Truong, Tuyen Trung (2018). Bounded birationality problem is computable. arXiv.org. ISSN 23318422. Show summary

Truong, Tuyen Trung (2018). Relative dynamical degrees of correspondences over a field of arbitrary characteristic. Journal für die Reine und Angewandte Mathematik. ISSN 00754102. doi: 10.1515/crelle20170052. Full text in Research Archive

Dinh, Tien Cuong; Nguyen, Viet Anh & Truong, Tuyen Trung (2017). Growth of the number of periodic points for meromorphic maps. Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society. ISSN 00246093. doi: 10.1112/blms.12082.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2022). Some interesting birational morphisms of smooth affine quadric 3folds.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2022). Entropy of maps on nonArchimedean fields.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2022). Entropy of maps on nonArchimedean fields.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2022). Optimization, Lojasiewicz inequalities, Dynamical Systems and Deep Neural Networks (Or: Is there a cat or not a cat?).

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2021). A quick method to find roots of univariate meromorphic functions.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2021). Implementation of Backtracking line search in Deep Neural Networks: theory and practice.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2021). A 10line proof of a generalisation of Weil’s RH for Abelian varieties.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2020). Rationality of quotients of Abelian varieties and computer algebra.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2020). Rationality of quotients of Abelian varieties and computer algebra.

Truong, Trung Tuyen (2020). Deep Learning and Automated Proof Checking.