Fredagskollokvium: On the quest for Dark Energy with nonlinear observables in the era of Euclid

Santiago Casas, CEA Paris-Saclay

portrettbilde av ung men

Santiago Casas, postdoctoral fellow at CEA Paris-Saclay. Image: CEA

In this era of precision cosmology, we have managed to extract, with percent-level accuracy, the value of salient cosmological parameters using mostly linear perturbation physics such as the CMB and background geometrical observables. Following the arrival of fourth-generation galaxy surveys such as Euclid, Vera Rubin, SKA and Nancy Roman, we will enter the era of big data and nonlinearities. The ability to probe smaller scales using larger volumes is necessary for accurate statistical and theoretical models.

In this talk, I will begin with a brief overview of the primary Euclid spectroscopic and photometric probes, namely galaxy clustering and weak lensing. I will outline their uses for testing different models of gravity and dark energy. In order to do so effectively, we need to take into account observational effects, cross-correlations and the still unsolved problem of nonlinearities. Next, I will describe the challenge of nonlinear structure formation, focusing on modified gravity, in which we have many theoretical and practical unknowns in addition to a lack of computational resources. In an upcoming publication, we address this challenge by combining N-body simulations and machine learning applications to generate a predictive model optimised for both forecasts and data analysis. In spite of current uncertainties at small scales, it is precisely in this regime in which we have some hope of finding some deviations to the current LCDM paradigm.

Bildet kan inneholde: lilla, fiolett, linje, mønster, koboltblå.
Cosmic web from an N-body simulation in a Coupled Dark Energy cosmology. In this cosmological model, there is an extra force between Dark Matter particles, mediated by a scalar field that is also responsible for the accelerated expansion of the Universe. The differences with respect to the standard LCDM model appear at different scales and redshifts during the evolution of the Universe. Credits: Marco Baldi, CoDECS simulations.

 

Emneord: institute seminar, fredagskollokvium, Euclid, Kosmologi, Mørk materie
Publisert 24. feb. 2020 21:15 - Sist endret 17. okt. 2020 18:07