New publication: Stoichiometric consequences of size-selective mortality: An experimental test using the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes)
By Charlotte Evangelista, Beatriz Diaz Pauli, L. Asbjørn Vøllestad, and Eric Edeline in Science of The Total Environment
The determinants of intraspecific stoichiometric variation remain difficult to elucidate due to their multiple origins (e.g. genetic vs. environmental) and potential interactive effects. We evaluated whether two size-selected lines of medaka (Oryzias latipes) with contrasted life-history strategies (small- and large-breeder lines with slow growth and early maturity vs. fast growth and late maturity) differed in their organismal stoichiometry (percentage and ratios of carbon [C], nitrogen [N] and phosphorus [P]) in a mesocosm experiment. We also tested how size-selection interacted with environmental conditions (i.e. two levels of fish density and light intensity), body condition and sex. Results showed that large-breeder fish were significantly N-enriched compared to small-breeders, while the two size-selected lines did not differ in body P composition. Size-selection interacted with density – high density only affected small-breeders leading to decreasing %C and C: N – and with sex – large-breeder females had higher %C and C:N values than large-breeder males. Finally, C:P and N:P ratios increased with body condition due to decreasing %P. Overall, our results show that the ecological consequences of size-selective mortality extend to organismal stoichiometry and may, from there, change nutrient cycling and ecosystem functioning.
Science of The Total Environment
Volume 724, 1 July 2020, 138193
* Department of Biosciences, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Syntheses (CEES), University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
§ Sorbonne Université, Université Paris Diderot, UPEC, CNRS, INRAE, IRD, Institut d'Ecologie et des Sciences de l'Environnement de Paris (iEES-Paris), F-75252 Paris, France & ESE, Ecology and Ecosystem Health, INRAE, Agrocampus-Ouest, Rennes, France