New publication: Genomic stability through time despite decades of exploitation in cod on both sides of the Atlantic

By Malin L. Pinsky, Anne Maria Eikeset, Cecilia Helmerson, Ian R. Bradbury, Paul Bentzen, Corey Morris, Agata T. Gondek-Wyrozemska, Helle Tessand Baalsrud, Marine Servane Ono Brieuc, Olav Sigurd Kjesbu, Jane A. Godiksen, Julia M. I. Barth, Michael Matschiner, Nils Chr. Stenseth, Kjetill S. Jakobsen, Sissel Jentoft, and Bastiaan Star in PNAS. Open Access. Covered by Science News.

Covered by Science News

Read the article "Massive collapse of Atlantic cod didn’t leave evolutionary scars" in Science.

Abstract

The mode and extent of rapid evolution and genomic change in response to human harvesting are key conservation issues. Although experiments and models have shown a high potential for both genetic and phenotypic change in response to fishing, empirical examples of genetic responses in wild populations are rare. Here, we compare whole-genome sequence data of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) that were collected before (early 20th century) and after (early 21st century) periods of intensive exploitation and rapid decline in the age of maturation from two geographically distinct populations in Newfoundland, Canada, and the northeast Arctic, Norway. Our temporal, genome-wide analyses of 346,290 loci show no substantial loss of genetic diversity and high effective population sizes. Moreover, we do not find distinct signals of strong selective sweeps anywhere in the genome, although we cannot rule out the possibility of highly polygenic evolution. Our observations suggest that phenotypic change in these populations is not constrained by irreversible loss of genomic variation and thus imply that former traits could be reestablished with demographic recovery.

Publication details

PNAS
Published: April 13, 2021
Volume 118 (15), e2025453118
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2025453118
The journal's publication webpage.

Authors with CEES affiliation

Anne Maria Eikeset, Cecilia Helmerson, Agata T. Gondek-Wyrozemska, Helle Tessand Baalsrud, Marine Servane Ono Brieuc, Julia M. I. Barth, Michael Matschiner (profile page at NHM), Nils Chr. Stenseth (profile page at the MN Faculty), Kjetill S. Jakobsen, Sissel Jentoft, and Bastiaan Star

Tags: PNAS;
Published Apr. 12, 2021 10:03 PM - Last modified Apr. 12, 2021 10:17 PM