SpaceShift: Drivers and effects of spatial shifts in early life stages of marine fish

About the project

Understanding the mechanisms behind the large fluctuations in the recruitment to many harvested fish stocks remains a key challenge in fisheries science. We will here throw new light on these mechanisms by studying the interlinkage between spatial and temporal dynamics using a combination of state-of-the-art statistical and biophysical modelling approaches.

In particular, we address the hypothesis that loss of old and large spawners from heavily exploited fish stocks leads to a contracted spatial and temporal distribution of spawning and fish offspring, which reduces the buffering of offspring survival against adverse environmental conditions. We will first quantify how the spatial distributions of fish eggs are influenced by the combination of climate and demographic structure of spawners.

We will subsequently assess how climate and spatial distribution influence the match or mismatch between fish larvae and zooplankton prey and growth and survival of fish through early life. Hence we will map how survival of fish eggs to recruitment depends on location. With that basis, we will assess how climate and demography influence recruitment and population dynamics, through effects on spatial distribution of fish offspring and spatiotemporal patterns in growth and survival of the offspring. Main focus will be on Barents Sea cod, haddock and capelin. These stocks are the world's largest of their species and of high ecological and socioeconomic importance.

Moreover, long-term Russian and Norwegian surveys provide unique empirical information on their dynamics in early life stages. Our combination of statistical and biophysical modelling approaches take full advantage of this information and aim to identify relationships that are backed up both by the spatiotemporal observation data and a clear, mechanistic understanding of the underlying processes. Hence, we expect to obtain insight into recruitment dynamics that are of wide, general interest.

 

A schematic overview of the SpaceShift Project.

Full size image of overview

Objectives

Primary objective: Improve our understanding of how climate and demographic structure of spawners influence fish populations through effects on spatial distribution and dynamics in early life stages.

Secondary objectives: (i) Quantify effects of climate and spawner age and size composition on spatial distributions of fish eggs. (ii) Quantify role of spatial distribution for match-mismatch between fish larvae and their zooplankton prey. (iii) Quantify role of spatial distribution for growth-survival relationships through early life. (iv) Assess implications of changes in climate and demographic structure of spawners for population dynamics.

Background

National partners:

University of Oslo, Dept. biosciences, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES): Leif Chr. Stige (PI), Nils Chr. Stenseth (co-PI), Kristina Ø. Kvile, Joël M. Durant, Øystein Langangen. 

Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen: Bjarte Bogstad, Morten D. Skogen, Frode B. Vikebø, PhD Clarissa Akemi Kajiya Endo

International participants:

Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography (PINRO), Murmansk: Natalia Yaragina.

University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences (SAFS), Seattle, USA: Jan Ohlberger.

Oregon State University (OSU), Corvallis, USA: Lorenzo Ciannelli.

Financing

This Project is funded by the Research Council of Norway (RCN) (MARINFORSK)

RCN Project Number: 280468 (Project data bank at RCN)

UiO Project Number: 144690

Period

30.06.2018 - 31.12.2021

Publications

  • Leonie Anette Färber; Rob van Gemert; Øystein Langangen; Joel Marcel Durant & Ken Hasle Andersen (2020). Population variability under stressors is dependent on body mass growth and asymptotic body size. Royal Society Open Science.  ISSN 2054-5703.  7, s 1- 11
  • Ana Sofia De Araújo Ferreira; Leif Christian Stige; Anna B. Neuheimer; Bjarte Bogstad; Natalia A. Yaragina; Irina Prokopchuk & Joel Marcel Durant (2020). Match-mismatch dynamics in the Norwegian-Barents Sea system. Marine Ecology Progress Series.  ISSN 0171-8630.  650, s 81- 94
  • Joel Marcel Durant; Kotaro Ono; Nils Christian Stenseth & Øystein Langangen (2020). Nonlinearity in interspecific interactions in response to climate change: Cod and haddock as an example. Global Change Biology.  ISSN 1354-1013.  26, s 5554- 5563
  • Elisabeth Lundsør; Leif Christian Stige; Kai Sørensen & Bente Edvardsen (2020). Long-term coastal monitoring data show nutrient-driven reduction in chlorophyll. Journal of Sea Research.  ISSN 1385-1101.  164
  • Clarissa Endo; Frode Bendiksen Vikebø; Natalia A. Yaragina; Solfrid Sætre Hjøllo & Leif Christian Stige (2020). Effects of climate and spawning stock structure on the spatial distribution of Northeast Arctic cod larvae. ICES Journal of Marine Science.  ISSN 1054-3139.
  • Leif Christian Stige; Lauren Rogers; Anna B. Neuheimer; Mary E. Hunsicker; Natalia A. Yaragina; Geir Ottersen; Lorenzo Ciannelli; Øystein Langangen & Joel Marcel Durant (2019). Density‐ and size‐dependent mortality in fish early life stages. Fish and Fisheries.  ISSN 1467-2960.  20, s 962- 976
  • Joel Marcel Durant; Juan Carlos Molinero; Geir Ottersen; Gabriel Reygondeau; Leif Christian Stige & Øystein Langangen (2019). Contrasting effects of rising temperatures on trophic interactions in marine ecosystems. Scientific Reports.  ISSN 2045-2322.  9:15213, s 1- 9

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  • Clarissa Endo; Frode Bendiksen Vikebø; Natalia A. Yaragina; Solfrid Sætre Hjøllo & Leif Christian Stige (2020). Effects of the environment and the spawning stock structure on the distribution of Northeast Arctic cod larvae.
  • Clarissa Akemi Kajiya Endo; Natalia A. Yaragina; Frode Bendiksen Vikebø; Morten D. Skogen; Solfrid Sætre Hjøllo & Leif Christian Stige (2019). Long-term ichthyoplankton survey reveal effects of climate and spawning stock structure on the spatial distribution of Northeast Arctic cod larvae.
  • Leif Christian Stige; Lauren Rogers; Anna B. Neuheimer; Mary E. Hunsicker; Natalia A. Yaragina; Geir Ottersen; Lorenzo Ciannelli; Øystein Langangen & Joel Marcel Durant (2019). Density- and size-dependent mortality in fish early life stages.
  • Leif Christian Stige; Joel Marcel Durant & Øystein Langangen (2019). Effects of climate change, fishing and oil on marine ecosystems.
  • Per Fauchald & Joel Marcel Durant (2019). Hvorfor fluktuerer de store marine fiskebestandene?. Naturen.  ISSN 0028-0887.  143, s 124- 132

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Published Jan. 21, 2021 2:22 PM - Last modified Feb. 2, 2021 10:33 AM