Jostein Hellesland

Bilde av Jostein Hellesland
English version of this page
Mobiltelefon 9963 0271
Rom 1217
Brukernavn
Besøksadresse Moltke Moes vei 35 Niels Henrik Abels hus 0851 Oslo
Postadresse Postboks 1053 Blindern 0316 Oslo

Faglige interesser

Mekanisk oppførsel og numerisk modellering av konstruksjoner og faste stoffer generelt; elastiske og ikkelineære analyser; stabilitetsproblemer;  utvikling av normrettede analyse- og dimensjoneringsmetoder for søyler, rammer og plater; virkning av langtidslast og deformasjonspåførte tvangskrefter (indirekte laster) på konstruksjoner med visko-elastiske materialegenskaper (som armert betong).

Universitetsutdanning

  • 1970,  PhD (Philosophiae Doctor), Dept. of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Waterloo,  Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1966,  Sivilingeniør, NTH (nå NTNU (Norges teknisk naturvitenskapelige universitet)), Trondheim.

Ansettelser

Faste:

  • 2013.2 --               Professor emeritus.
  • 1988.1 -- 2013.2    Professor i fastoff-/konstruksjonsmekanikk, UiO.
  • 1984.8 -- 1987.12  Professor II i fastoff-/konstruksjonsmekanikk, UiO.
  • 1985.4 -- 1987.12  Senior Principal Engineer (sjefingeniør), Veritas Offshore Technology and Services A/S (som avd.leder for Concr. Structures and Foundations) og  forut for det i Industry and Offshore Division (Dept. for Structures), Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Høvik.
  • 1972.1--1985.4      Prosjektingeniør, Overingeniør, Sjefingeniør,  Dr.ing. A. Aas-Jakobsen A/S (AAJ), Oslo. 

Midlertidige forskeransettelser:                       

  • 1984.6-8            Research Engineer, Univ. of California, Berkeley.
  • 1981.2-9            Research Associate, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton.
  • 1980.7--1981.2   Research Engineer, Univ. of California, Berkeley.
  • 1966.9-1971.12  Research Assistant og Post Doctoral Fellow, Univ. of Waterloo.

Langvarige gjesteprofessor-/forskeropphold:

  • University of Texas, Austin, USA, høst 1999 (aug.-jan.)
  • Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC)), Barcelona, Spania,  høst 2001. 

Utvalgte verv o.l.

  • Medlem, NTVA (Norges Tekniske Vitenskapsakademi).
  • 2012.11 --     Medlem, TG6 "Structural Analysis", av CEN-komité 250/SC 2/WG 1/
  • 2008.11 --     Editorial Board member, Journal of Constructional Steel Research.
  • 2004 --          Member,  Int. Struct. Steel Research Advisors (ISSRA),  AISC Journ. 
  • 1997 -- 2001  Editorial Board member, Journal of Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering.
  • 1976 -- 1980  Norsk redaktør, Journal of the Nordic Concr. Federation.
  • 1976 -- 1998  Reporter, FIP Notes, Federation Internationale de la Precontrainte.                                                                                                                       

Undervisning

Emner for lavere og høyere grad innen faststoff- og konstruksjonsmekanikk.

Veiledning

-- 63 cand.scient./masterstudenter.

-- 10  doktor-stipendiater (siden 1992).

Rådgivningsaktiviteter

1988 -- 2006: Consulting and advisory services for DNV, Statoil (rehabilitation of Statpipe under-water bridge structures), the Bridge Department of the Directorate of Public Roads, Oslo (development of analysis and design specifications for bridges, and analysis and design aspects of a number of suspension bridges etc.) and Svenska vegverket (Høga Kusten bron).

1985 -- 1987: At DNV, consultancy services to a number of petroleum companies, incl. design review and verification of offshore  structures (Beryl A, Brent B, Maureen ALP, Gullfaks B, Troll GBS, Saga's deepwater tower Karin, etc.), development and updating of design spesifications, and various  R&D projects.

1972 -- 1985: At AAJ, design and consultancy services covering a great number and a wide range of structures, incl. industrial structures, various kinds of bridges and offshore structures, development of design recommendations for offshore structures (for the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, Norsk Hydro), and a number of R&D oriented studies, etc..

 

Emneord: Mekanikk, Faststoffmekanikk

Publikasjoner

  • Hellesland, Jostein (2020). New and extended design moment formulations for slender columns in frames with sway. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 203. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109804. Fulltekst i vitenarkiv
  • Sollund, Håvar Andreas; Vedeld, Knut; Fyrileiv, Olav & Hellesland, Jostein (2016). Improved assessments of wave-induced fatigue for free spanning pipelines. Applied Ocean Research. ISSN 0141-1187. 61, s. 130–147. doi: 10.1016/j.apor.2016.10.004.
  • Vedeld, Knut; Sollund, Håvar Andreas & Hellesland, Jostein (2015). Closed Analytical Expressions for Stress Distributions in Two-Layer Cylinders and Their Application to Offshore Lined and Clad Pipes. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. ISSN 0892-7219. 137(2), s. 1–9. doi: 10.1115/1.4029357.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hareide, O. J. & Hellesland, Jostein (2014). Application of a Semi-Analytical Approach for Vibration Analysis of Irregularly Stiffened Plates. Trita-MEK. ISSN 0348-467X. s. 220–229.
  • Sollund, Håvar Andreas; Vedeld, Knut & Hellesland, Jostein (2014). Efficient analytical solutions for heated and pressurized multi-layer cylinders. Ocean Engineering. ISSN 0029-8018. 92, s. 285–295. doi: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2014.10.003.
  • Sollund, Håvar Andreas; Vedeld, Knut; Hellesland, Jostein & Fyrileiv, Olav (2014). Dynamic response of multi-span offshore pipelines. Marine Structures. ISSN 0951-8339. 39, s. 174–197. doi: 10.1016/j.marstruc.2014.07.006.
  • Vedeld, Knut; Sollund, Håvar Andreas; Hellesland, Jostein & Fyrileiv, Olav (2014). Effective axial forces in offshore lined and clad pipes. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 66, s. 66–80. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2014.01.051.
  • Challamel, Noël & Hellesland, Jostein (2013). Buckling of softening columns in a continuum damage mechanics perspective - Local versus non-local formulation. European Journal of Mechanics. A, Solids. ISSN 0997-7538. 39(May-June), s. 229–242. doi: 10.1016/j.euromechsol.2012.11.007.
  • Challamel, Noël; Kolvik, Gjermund & Hellesland, Jostein (2013). Plate buckling analysis using a general higher order shear deformation theory. International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics. ISSN 0219-4554. 13(5). doi: 10.1142/S0219455413500284.
  • Brubak, Lars; Andersen, Håkon S. & Hellesland, Jostein (2013). Ultimate strength prediction by semi-analytical analysis ofstiffened plates with various boundary conditions. Thin-walled structures. ISSN 0263-8231. 62(January), s. 28–36. doi: 10.1016/j.tws.2012.08.005.
  • Vedeld, Knut; Sollund, Håvar Andreas & Hellesland, Jostein (2013). Free vibrations of free spanning offshore pipelines. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 56, s. 68–82. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2013.04.013.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hellesland, Jostein & Hareide, Ole J. (2013). Vibration analysis of plates with arbitrary stiffener arrangements using a semi-analytical approach, Computational Methods in Marine Engineering V. International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE). ISSN 978-84-941407-4-7. s. 320–331. doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.05.012.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2012). Evaluation of effective length formulas and applications in system instability analysis. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 45(12 (Dec)), s. 405–420. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2012.06.028.
  • Challamel, Noël & Hellesland, Jostein (2011). Simplified buckling analysis of imperfection sensitive reinforced concrete structures. I Freund, Jouni & Kouhia, Reijo (Red.), Proceedings of the 24th Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics. Alto University publication series. ISSN 978-952-60-4347-0. s. 141–144.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2011). Semi-analytical postbuckling analysis of stiffened imperfect plates with a free or stiffened edge. Computers & structures. ISSN 0045-7949. 89(17-18), s. 1574–1585. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruc.2011.05.007.
  • Andersen, Håkon s.; Hellesland, Jostein & Brubak, Lars (2010). Strength criterion for stiffened plates with a free or stiffened edge. Trita-MEK. ISSN 0348-467X.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2010). Response propagation analysis of imperfect stiffened plates with a free or flexible edge using a semi-analytical method. Trita-MEK. ISSN 0348-467X.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hellesland, Jostein & Steen, Eivind (2009). Approximate postbuckling analysis of imperfect stiffened plates with a free edge. I Kvamsdal, T.; Pettersen, B.R.; Bergan, P.; Onate, E. & Garcia, J. (Red.), Computational methods in marine engineering III. International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE). ISSN 9788496736665. s. 336–338.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Extended second order approximate analysis of frames with sway-braced column interaction. Journal of constructional steel research. ISSN 0143-974X. 65(5), s. 1075–1086. doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2008.08.008.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Second order approximate analysis of unbraced multistorey frames with single curvature regions. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 31(8), s. 1734–1744. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2009.02.015.
  • Steen, Eivind; Byklum, Eirik & Hellesland, Jostein (2008). Elastic postbuckling stiffness of biaxially compressed rectangular plates. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 30(10), s. 2631–2643. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2008.02.006.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2008). Mechanics and slenderness limits of sway-restricted reinforced concrete columns. Journal of Structural Engineering. ISSN 0733-9445. 134(8), s. 1300–1309. doi: 10.1061/%28ASCE%290733-9445%282008%29134%3A8%281300%29.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2008). Strength criteria in semi-analytical, large deflection analysis of stiffened plates in local and global bending. Thin-walled structures. ISSN 0263-8231. 46(12), s. 1382–1390. doi: 10.1016/j.tws.2008.03.013.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2007). Strength criteria in stiffened plate analysis using semi-analytical, large deflection methods. I Onate, E.; Garcia, J.; Bergan, P. & Kvamsdal, T. (Red.), Computational Methods in Marine Engineering II. International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE). ISSN 978-84-96736-19-1. s. 71–74.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2007). Approximate buckling strength analysis of arbitrarily stiffened, stepped plates. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 29(9), s. 2321–2333. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.12.002.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hellesland, Jostein & Steen, Eivind (2007). Semi-analytical buckling strength analysis of plates with arbitrary stiffener arrangements. Journal of constructional steel research. ISSN 0143-974X. 63(4), s. 532–543. doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2006.06.002.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2007). Semi-analytical postbuckling and strength analysis of arbitrarily stiffened plates in local and global bending. Thin-walled structures. ISSN 0263-8231. 45(6 (June)), s. 620–633. doi: 10.1016/j.tws.2007.04.011.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hellesland, Jostein & Steen, Eivind (2007). Closure to discussion by O. Bedair of 'Semi-analytical buckling strength analysis of plates with arbitrary stiffener arrangements'. Journal of constructional steel research. ISSN 0143-974X. 63(12), s. 1618–1620. doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.05.012.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2007). Mechanics and Effective Lengths of Columns with Positive and Negative End Restraints. Engineering structures. ISSN 0141-0296. 29(12), s. 3464–3474. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2007.08.021.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2005). Nonslender Column Limits for Braced and Unbraced Reinforced Concrete Members. ACI Structural Journal. ISSN 0889-3241. 102(1), s. 12–21.
  • Mari, Antonio R. & Hellesland, Jostein (2005). Lower slenderness limits for rectangular reinforced concrete columns. Journal of Structural Engineering. ISSN 0733-9445. 131(1).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2000). An improved K-factor formula. Discussion, Journal of Structural Engineering. ISSN 0733-9445. 126(5).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1998). Application of the method of means to the stability analysis of unbraced frames. Journal of constructional steel research. ISSN 0143-974X. 46(1-3).
  • Hellesland, Jostein & Bjorhovde, Reidar (1998). Closure of "Restraint demand factors and effective lengths of braced columns". Journal of Structural Engineering. ISSN 0733-9445. 124, s. 474–475.

Se alle arbeider i Cristin

  • Hellesland, Jostein; Challamel, Noël; Casandjian, Charles & Lanos, Christophe (2013). R. C. Beams, Columns and Frames - Section and Slender Member Analysis. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781848215696. 320 s.
  • Casandjian, Charles; Challamel, Noël; Lanos, Christophe & Hellesland, Jostein (2013). R. C. Beams, Columns and Frames - Mechanics and Design. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781848214828. 320 s.

Se alle arbeider i Cristin

  • Hellesland, Jostein (2019). 2. ordens beregninger av staver og rammer -- Generelt og etter Eurokode 2 (NS-EN 1992-1-1).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2017). 2. ordens beregninger av staver og rammer - Generelt og etter Eurokode 2 (NS-EN 1992).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2016). Second order structural analysis of members and systems -- Revised proposal for EC2-5.8 (CEN Document TG6/N107).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2016). Preliminary global stiffness proposal (for second order global system analysis) (Doc. TG6/N77).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2016). Second order analysis of members and systems -- Revised and updated proposal for EC2-5.8 (Doc.TG6/N82).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2015). Flexural stiffness for slender columns -- A collection of published research (Doc. TG6/N61).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2015). Comments on EI-values in the moment-magnifier procedure of EC2, and in Dutch rules (Doc.TG6/N48).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2014). Principles and basis for nominal stiffness and curvature (doc. TG6/N37).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2014). Discussion of proposal for Second order structural analysis of members and systems (doc. TG6/14).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2014). Second order analysis of members and systems -- Proposal for EC2-5.8 (doc.CEN/TC250/SC2/WG1/TG6 N14).
  • Brubak, Lars; Hareide, O. J. & Hellesland, Jostein (2014). On Application of a Semi-Analytical Approach for Vibration Analysis of Irregularly Stiffened Plates.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2013). Second order structural analysis of members and systems -- Preliminary comments towards revising EC2:2004-sect.5.8.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hellesland, Jostein & Hareide, Ole J. (2013). Vibration analysis of plates with arbitrary stiffener arrangement using a semi-analytical approach.
  • Hareide, Ole J.; Brubak, Lars; Steen, Eivind & Hellesland, Jostein (2012). Approximate buckling model for steel-elastomer sandwich plates.
  • Challamel, Noël & Hellesland, Jostein (2012). Buckling of Imperfect CDM Structural Systems.
  • Challamel, Noël & Hellesland, Jostein (2012). Post-buckling and post-failure of CDM structural systems.
  • Andersen, Håkon S.; Hellesland, Jostein & Brubak, Lars (2010). On strength criteria for stiffened plates with a free or stiffened edge.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2010). On response propagation analysis of imperfect stiffened plates with a free or flexible edge using a semi-analytical method.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Closure to "Mechanics and Slenderness Limits of Sway-Restricted Reinforced Concrete Columns" by Jostein Hellesland. Journal of Structural Engineering. ISSN 0733-9445. 135(11), s. 1431–1433.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hellesland, Jostein & Steen, Eivind (2009). Approximate postbuckling analysis of imperfect stiffened plates with a free edge.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Lineære og ikke-lineære beregningsmetoder -- 2. ordens virkninger.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Lineære og ikke-lineære beregningsmetoder -- 2. ordens virkninger.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Lineære og ikke-lineære beregningsmetoder -- 2. ordens virkninger.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Lineære og ikke-linære beregningsmetoder-- 2. ordens lastvirkninger.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2008). NS-EN 1992, Eurokode-2 -- Lineære og ikke-lineære beregningsmetoder; 2. ordens lastvirkninger.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2008). NS-EN 1992 Lineære og ikke-lineære beregningsmetoder - 2. ordens lastvirkninger.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2007). Strength criteria in stiffened plate analysis using semi-analytical, large deflection methods.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2005). Computational buckling strength analysis of stiffened plates with varying thickness. I Bergan, P.; Garcia, J.; Onate, E. & Kvamsdal, T. (Red.), Computational Methods in Marine Engineering. International Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE). ISSN 84-95999-63-3. s. 355–364.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2005). Computational buckling strength analysis of stiffened plates with varying thickness.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2005). Buckling of plates, slenderness limits of columns, etc. -- Research overview.
  • Hellesland, Jostein & Brubak, Lars (2005). Stability of Stiffened Orthotropic Plates: Performance Based Design.
  • Osnes, Harald & Hellesland, Jostein (2004). Faststoff-/konstruksjonsmekanikk ved UiO.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2004). Knekningsanalyse av plater med vilkårlig orienterte stivere.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2004). Approximate buckling strength analysis of plates with arbitrarily oriented stiffeners.
  • Andersen, Alfred; Osnes, Harald & Hellesland, Jostein (2000). Computational analysis of computational joints.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1999). Slanke konstruksjonsdeler.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1999). Slanke konstruksjonsdeler.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1999). Structural engineering for the largest petroleum exploration structure in the North Sea,
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1999). Bridge design and construction in Norway.
  • Hellesland, Jostein; Kanstad, Terje; Sørensen, Svein & Ålstedt, Erik (1998). Anvendelse av elementmetodeprogram på slanke plater, vegger og skall,
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1998). Trykkstaver i rammesystem--Knekklengder,
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1998). Trykkstaver i rammesystemer,
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1998). Slanke trykkstaver etter NS 3473,
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2019). Approximate end and maximum moment formulations for slender columns in frames with sway. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 0801-9940. Fulltekst i vitenarkiv
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2019). Mechanics of columns in sway frames -- Derivation of key characteristics. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 0801-9940. Fulltekst i vitenarkiv
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2010). Semi-analytical large displacement analysis of stiffened imperfect plates with a free or stiffened edge. Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 0809-4403. Fulltekst i vitenarkiv
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Konstruksjonsmekanikk MEK3500/4500--Ekasamensoppgaver med løsningsforslag. Avd. for mekanikk, Matematisk institutt.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2009). Todimensjonal elastisitetsteori for tynne plater--Introduksjon. Avd. for mekanikk, Matematisk instittt.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2008). Extended second order approximate sway and critical load analysis of frames with sway-braced column interaction. Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of Oslo. ISSN 0801-9940.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2008). Approximate second order analysis of unbraced frames reflecting inter-storey interaction in single curvature regions. Mechanics Division, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of Oslo,. ISSN 0801-9940.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2007). Strength criteria in local and global semi-analytical, large deflection analysis of arbitrarily stiffened plates. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 0809-4403.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2006). Semi-analytical buckling strength analysis of arbitrarily stiffened plates with varying thickness. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 0809-4403.
  • Brubak, Lars & Hellesland, Jostein (2006). Computational postbuckling and strength analysis of arbitrarily stiffened plates in local and global bending. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 0809-4403.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2005). Comments to Proposed Changes to ACI 318-02 Slender Column Provisions. Mechanics Division, Dept. of Mathematics, University of Oslo. ISSN 0801-9940.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2005). Analysis of second order effects with axial loads, EN 1992-1-1-2004 (E), 5.8 -- Nasjonalt tillegg (NA). Avd. for mekanikk.
  • Brubak, Lars; Hellesland, Jostein & Steen, Eivind (2005). Semi-analytical buckling strength analysis of plates with arbitrary stiffener orientations. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo,. ISSN 0809-4403.
  • Mari, Antonio & Hellesland, Jostein (2003). When can second order effects in columns be neglected? Department of Construction Engineering, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, . ISSN 84-87691-27-7.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2003). Non-slender RC Column Limits. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 82-553-1389-3.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2003). Non-slender Column Limits for Braced, End-loaded Members. Matematisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo. ISSN 82-553-1390-7. 03(2).
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2002). Lower slenderness limits for unbraced and transversely loaded braced r.c. compression members. Avd. for mekanikk, Matematisk institutt, Univ. i Oslo, Oslo. ISSN 82-553-1355-9.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (2002). Lower slenderness limits for braced, end loaded r.c. compression members. Avd. for mekanikk, Matematisk institutt, Univ. i Oslo, Oslo. ISSN 82-553-1356-7.
  • Hellesland, Jostein; Osnes, Harald & Skeie, Geir (2000). Proceedings of the 13th Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics. Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of Oslo,. ISSN 82-553-1257-9.
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1999). On column slenderness limits. Avd. for mekanikk, Matematisk institutt, UiO : NBR (Norges byggstandardiseringsråd). Fulltekst i vitenarkiv
  • Hellesland, Jostein (1998). Kommentarer og forslag til endringer i NS 3473, pkt.A.9.4.4 (4.utg.,1992) vedr. rotasjonsbehov og rotasjonskapasitetsberegninger, Avd. for mekanikk, UiO: Rapportert til NBR (Norges byggstandardiseringsråd).

Se alle arbeider i Cristin

Publisert 13. nov. 2010 14:22 - Sist endret 8. mai 2020 10:04