The Section for Meteorology and Oceanography (MetOs) does research and teaching in the subjects fields meteorology, oceanography and climate. The MetOs-section embraces three research groups.
Meteorology is often associated with weather forecasts, but the research field includes several phenomena such as extreme weather, polar lows, the jet streams, to sky physics to mention some. We do research in a variety of atmospheric phenomena and processes and employ numerical simulations, mathematical analysis and field work. Central themes include atmospheric dynamics, radiation theory, cloud physics and atmospheric chemistry.
Physical oceanography is the study of the «weather» of the ocean. It includes the dynamics of the Gulf Stream and the thermohaline circulation on large scales, and convection and seawater properties on small scales. The research group studies oceanic dynamics, wave processes (over a wide range of scales), turbulence, thermodynamics and diffusion. A range of tools is used, from full complexity numerical models to idealized mathematical models and ocean observations.
Global warming is one of the great challenges of our time. Understanding how CO2 and other gases affect the climate system is a complex task, as it is necessary to distinguish the natural climate variability which also occurs over time. Climate research concerns the processes that affect the atmosphere/ocean/cryosphere and biosphere over multi-year time scales. The field is multi-disciplinary. To study climate, we primarily use statistical and numerical analysis. Climate research is important for long-term prediction, including the effects of climate change on ecosystems and mankind, but also to understand the complex processes that occur on Earth.