Pedro M. Martin-Sanchez

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Academic interests

My areas of interest include environmental microbiology, mycology, fungal diversity and ecology, with an especial focus on the fungi associated with indoor environments and human-made materials. More specifically, during my research career, I have been investigating a variety of environments related to four scientific disciplines: plant pathology (crop soil and rhizosphere), conservation of cultural heritage (rock-art caves and monuments), material biodeterioration (fuel systems, solar panels and construction materials) and indoor microbiomes (houses, kindergartens and hospitals).

I am currently leading the Mycospitalomics project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, which studies the hospital mycobiomes associated with the invasive fungal infections and the emergence of antimicrobial drug resistance   

I have participated in two projects at the Section for Aquatic Biology and Toxicology (AQUA): Auto-eDNA (Miljødirektoratet) and Metaomics (UiO:Energy), both dealing with the development and automatization of cutting-edge molecular techniques (eDNA and metaomics approaches) for microbiological research in freshwater ecosystems.

In my previous MSCA MycoIndoor project at the Oslo Mycology Group, we characterized the indoor mycobiomes in Norwegian buildings (hundreds of houses and kindergartens) by combining dust and fungal-colonized material sampling with high-throughput amplicon sequencing (DNA metabarcoding). This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 741332.

Positions held

  • 2022-present: Researcher. Environmental Microbiology and Cultural Heritage Laboratory, IRNAS-CSIC, Seville, Spain  / Guest Researcher at Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Norway.
  • 2021-2022: Researcher. AQUA Section at Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Norway.
  • 2018-2020: Marie Skłodowska-Curie Researcher. EVOGENE Section at Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Norway.
  • 2013-2018:  Postdoc. Department 4. Materials & Environment, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
  • 2009-2013:  PhD candidate and Postdoc. Environmental Microbiology and Cultural Heritage Laboratory, IRNAS-CSIC, Seville, Spain.
  • 2005-2009:  MSc student. Plant Pathology Laboratory, IFAPA, Malaga, Spain.


  • 2012: PhD in Environmental Microbiology. Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Seville, Spain.
  • 2007: MSc in Plant Pathology. Department of Microbiology, University of Malaga, Spain.
  • 2003: Graduate in Biology. Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaga, Spain.


Tags: Environmental Microbiology, Fungi, Mycology, Ecology, Indoor fungi, Material deterioration, High-throughput sequencing

Selected publications

Estensmo ELF, Botnen SS, Maurice S, Martin-Sanchez PM, Morgado L, Engh IB, Høiland K, Skrede I, Kauserud H (2022). The indoor mycobiome of daycare centers is affected by occupancy and climate. Applied and environmental microbiology88(6), e0211321. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02113-21

Martin-Sanchez PM, Estensmo ELF, Morgado LN, Maurice S, Engh IB, Skrede I, Kauserud H (2021). Analyzing indoor mycobiomes through a large-scale citizen science study in Norway. Molecular Ecology, doi: 10.1111/mec.15916

Estensmo ELF, Morgado L, Maurice S, Martin-Sanchez PM, Engh IB, Mattsson J, Kauserud H, Skrede I (2021). Spatiotemporal variation of the indoor mycobiome in daycare centers. Microbiome 9, 220. doi: 10.1186/s40168-021-01167-x

Saiz-Jimenez C, Martin-Sanchez PM, Gonzalez-Perez JA, Hermosin B (2021). Analytical pyrolysis of the fungal melanins from Ochroconis spp. isolated from Lascaux Cave, France. Applied Sciences, doi: 10.3390/app11031198

Estensmo ELF, Maurice S, Morgado LN, Martin-Sanchez PM, Skrede I, Kauserud H (2021). The influence of intraspecific sequence variation during DNA metabarcoding: A case study of eleven fungal species. Molecular Ecology Resources, doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.13329

Climent E, Gotor R, Tobias C, Bell J, Martin-Sanchez PM, Rurack K (2020). Dip Sticks Embedding Molecular Beacon-functionalized Core Mesoporous Shell Particles for the Rapid on-site Detection of Microbiological Fuel Contamination. ACS Sensors, doi: 10.1021/acssensors.0c01178

­Coutinho ML, Miller AZ, Phillips AJL, Mirão J, Dias MA, Rogerio-Candelera MA, Saiz-Jimenez C, Martin-Sanchez PM, Cerqueira-Alves L, Macedo MF (2019). Biodeterioration of majolica glazed tiles by the fungus Devriesia imbrexigena. Construction & Building Materials, 212: 49-56. Link

Martin-Sanchez PM, Gebhardt C, Toepel J, Barry J, Munzke N, Günster J, Gorbushina AA (2018). Monitoring microbial soiling in photovoltaic systems: A qPCR-based approach. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 129:13-22. Link

Martin-Sanchez PM, Becker R, Gorbushina AA, Toepel J (2018). An improved test for the evaluation of hydrocarbon degradation capacities of diesel-contaminating microorganisms International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 129: 89-94. Link

Martin-Sanchez PM, Gorbushina AA, Toepel J (2018). Quantification of microbial load in diesel storage tanks using culture- and qPCR-based approaches. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 123: 216-223. Link

Ruibal C, Selbmann L, Avci S, Martin-Sanchez PM, Gorbushina AA (2018). Roof-Inhabiting cousins of rock-inhabiting fungi: novel melanized microcolonial fungal species from photocatalytically reactive subaerial surfaces. Life – Open Access Journal, 8: 30. Link

Miller AZ, Garcia-Sanchez AM, Martin-Sanchez PM, Pereira MFC, Spangenberg JE, Jurado V, Dionísio A, Afonso MJ, Chaminé AI, Hermosin B, Saiz-Jimenez C (2018). Origin of abundant moonmilk deposits in a subsurface granitic environment. Sedimentology, 65: 1482-1503. Link

Nilsson RH, ..., Martin-Sanchez PM et al. (2018). Taxonomic annotation of public fungal ITS sequences from the built environment – a report from an April 10–11, 2017 workshop (Aberdeen, UK). MycoKeys 28: 65-82. Link

de la Rosa JM, Martin-Sanchez PM, Sanchez-Cortes S, Hermosin B, Knicker H, Saiz-Jimenez C (2017). Structure of melanins from the fungi Ochroconis lascauxensis and Ochroconis anomala contaminating rock art in the Lascaux Cave. Scientific Reports, 7: 13441. Link

Mitova MM, Iliev M, Nováková A, Gorbushina AA, Groudeva VI, Martin-Sanchez PM (2017). Diversity and biocide susceptibility of fungal assemblages dwelling in the Art Gallery of Magura Cave, Bulgaria. International Journal of Speleology, 46: 67-80. Link

Martin-Sanchez PM, Kunte H-J, Gorbushina AA, Toepel J (2016). A novel qPCR protocol for the specific detection and quantification of the fuel-deteriorating fungus Hormoconis resinae. Biofouling, 32: 635-644. Link

Coutinho ML, Miller AZ, Martin-Sanchez PM, Mirão J, Gomez-Bolea A, Machado-Moreira B, Cerqueira-Alves L, Jurado V, Saiz-Jimenez C, Lima A, Phillips AJL, Pina F, Macedo MF (2016). A multiproxy approach to evaluate biocidal treatments on biodeteriorated majolica glazed tiles. Environmental Microbiology, 18: 4794-4816. Link

Martin-Sanchez PM, Jurado V, Porca E, Bastian F, Lacanette D, Alabouvette C, Saiz-Jimenez C (2014). Airborne microorganisms in Lascaux Cave (France). International Journal of Speleology, 43: 295-303. Link

­Martin-Sanchez PM, Bastian F, Alabouvette C, Saiz-Jimenez C (2013). Real-Time PCR detection of Ochroconis lascauxensis involved in the formation of black stains in the Lascaux Cave, France. Science of the Total Environment 443: 478-484. Link

Garcia-Sanchez AM, Ariza C, Ubeda JM, Martin-Sanchez PM, Jurado V, Bastian F, Alabouvette C, Saiz-Jimenez C (2013). Free-living amoebae in sediments from the Lascaux Cave in France. International Journal of Speleology 42: 9-13. Link

Saiz-Jimenez C, Miller AZ, Martin-Sanchez PM, Hernandez-Marine M (2012). Uncovering the origin of the black stains in Lascaux Cave in France. Environmental Microbiology 14: 3220-3231. Link

­Martin-Sanchez PM, Novákóva A, Bastian F, Alabouvette C, Saiz-Jimenez C (2012). Two new species of the genus Ochroconis, O. lascauxensis and O. anomala isolated from black stains in Lascaux Cave, France. Fungal Biology 116: 574-589. Link

­Martin-Sanchez PM, Nováková A, Bastian F, Alabouvette C, Saiz-Jimenez C (2012). Use of biocides for the control of fungal outbreaks in subterranean environments: The case of the Lascaux Cave in France. Environmental Science and Technology 46: 3762-3770. Link

Martin-Sanchez PM, Sanchez-Cortes S, Lopez-Tobar E, Jurado V, Bastian F, Alabouvette C, Saiz-Jimenez C (2012). The nature of black stains in Lascaux Cave, France, as revealed by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 43: 464-467. Link

Crous PW, ..., Martin-Sanchez PM et al. (2012). Fungal Planet Description Sheets: 128-151 [No.151: Devriesia imbrexigena sp. nov.]. Persoonia 29: 146-201. pdf

Porca E, Jurado V, Martin-Sanchez PM, Hermosin B, Bastian F, Alabouvette C, Saiz-Jimenez C (2011). Aerobiology: An ecological indicator for early detection and control of fungal outbreaks in caves. Ecological Indicators 11: 1594-1598. Link

Fernandez-Cortes A, Cuezva S, Sanchez-Moral S, Cañaveras JC, Porca E, Jurado V, Martin-Sanchez PM, Saiz-Jimenez C (2011). Detection of human-induced environmental disturbances in a show cave. Environmental Science Pollution Research 18: 1037-1045. Link

Cubero J, Ayllón MA, Gell I, Melgarejo P, De Cal A, Martin-Sanchez PM, Pérez-Jiménez RM, Soria C, Segundo E, Larena I (2009). Detection of strawberry pathogens by real-time PCR. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 842: 263-266.

Pérez-Jiménez RM, Segundo E, Carmona MP, González-Vizcaíno A, Gálvez Farfán J, Zea-Bonilla T, Martin-Sanchez PM, Amaya I, Soria C, López-Aranda JM, Sánchez-Sevilla JF (2009). Establishment of phytosanitary procedures at the IFAPA strawberry germplasm collection. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 842: 323-326.

Avilés M, Castillo S, Bascon J, Zea-Bonilla T, Martin-Sanchez PM, Pérez-Jiménez RM (2008). First report of Macrophomina phaseolina causing crown and root rot of strawberry in Spain. Plant Pathology 57: 382. Link

Zea-Bonilla T, Martin-Sanchez PM, González-Sánchez MA, Pérez-Jiménez RM (2008). Recently described new diseases of avocados. Journal of Plant Pathology 90: 605.

Zea-Bonilla T, Martin-Sanchez PM, Hermoso JM, Carmona MP, Segundo E, Pérez-Jiménez R. M (2007). First report of Phytophthora citricola on Mangifera indica in Spain. Plant Pathology 56: 356. Link

Zea-Bonilla T, González-Sánchez MA, Martin-Sanchez PM, Pérez-Jiménez RM (2007). Avocado dieback caused by Neofusicoccum parvum in Andalucia region, Spain. Plant Disease 91: 1052. Link

Published Dec. 12, 2018 9:46 AM - Last modified Sep. 16, 2022 10:40 AM