Disputation: Svenja Christiansen
PhD candidate Svenja Christiansen at the Department of Biosciences will be defending the thesis "From acoustic scattering layers to individuals - behaviour of a mesopelagic fish at different scales" for the degree of PhD.
Svenja Christiansen. Photo: UiO.
The disputation will also be live streamed using Zoom. The host of the session will moderate the technicalities while the chair of the defence will moderate the disputation.
Ex auditorio questions: The chair of the defence will invite the audience to ask ex auditorio questions either written or oral. This can be requested by clicking "Participants" followed by clicking "Raise hand".
The meeting opens for participation just before 13.15 PM, and closes for new participants approximately 15 minutes after the disputation has begun.
The trial lecture is: "Influence of environmental factors on behaviour of pelagic animals".
Time and place: Dec. 15, 2021 10:15 AM, Nucleus, Bikuben, the Kristine Bonnevie building
The meeting opens for participation just before 10.15 PM, and closes for new participants approximately 15 minutes after the trial lecture has begun.
Main research findings
Enormous abundances of small fish commute each night from several hundred meters depth to forage in the productive surface waters. Such so-called mesopelagic fishes are central in the food web and their daily vertical migration likely plays an essential role in carbon and nutrient cycling. Their behaviour is so far mainly described on the community level. However, the fishes’ ecological and biogeochemical role is ultimately defined by the individuals constituting the migrating communities. Therefore, learning more about the smaller behavioural scales is essential.
Christiansen and colleagues analysed a 10-month high-resolution acoustic dataset to describe the behaviour of a vertically migrating fish (Maurolicus muelleri) at the individual level. By acoustically tracking individual M. muelleri by echosounders deployed at depth we revealed details of the three-dimensional swimming behaviour, which provided new insights into the species’ migration and nocturnal activity. The results further suggest that M. muelleri combine several anti-predation strategies and emphasize the diversity of behaviours in this single species. Moreover, knowledge of individual swimming patterns will help predicting the effects of behaviour on acoustic biomass estimates. Such knowledge is required in the crucial task of assessing the role of mesopelagic fish in the ocean.
Professor Geraint A. Tarling, British Antarctic Survey
Senior Research Scientist Anne Christine Utne Palm, Institute of Marine Research
Professor Stein Fredriksen, University of Oslo
Chair of defence
Professor Tom Andersen, University of Oslo
Professor Stein Kaartvedt, University of Oslo
Professor Josefin Titelman, University of Oslo
Associate Professor Øystein Ole Gahr Langangen, University of Oslo