Research groups

Smog in Beijing, China. Photo: N.R. Sælthun, Department of Geosciences.

Climate and the effects of climate change present one of the greatest challenges of our time. It is a very broad research field which ignores the traditional boundaries between geoscience disciplines.

Storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the subsurface can be an important strategy for reducing emissions of climate gases to the atmosphere from large point sources. Aim of this group is to research on safe and efficient storage of CO2 in rock formations on the seabed or other geological environments. We cover several projects and contribute to FME-centres for achievement of knowledge for future CO2 storage.

Blocks of ice on the flat landscape, Svalbard. Photo: Colourbox

The Cryosphere includes all frozen water on the Earth's surface, all areas where snow, ice and permafrost affect the landscape and processes occurring there. We find a big amount of water tied up in glaciers and icecaps in Arctic and Antarctic, but also in permafrost and smaller glaciers worldwide.

Environmental geology is closely associated with the inter-relationship of people and nature, and the consequences of natural and man-made environmental changes at local, regional and global scales.

Geology is the study of the Earth’s origin, structure and change.

Risk of avalanches and landslides direction is an example of what can be calculated using a geometric analysis. Image: Dept. of Geosciences.

To better understand and describe the processes related to the Earth’s physical features and the society it is increasingly important to use remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS) as tools for managing large amounts of spatial and geographically-referenced information.

Photo of a glacier river in Denali, Alaska. Photo: K. S. Lilleøren

Geomorphology is the study of landforms and the processes that form them. Geomorphologists investigate why landscapes look the way they do, both in terms of understanding the evolution of landforms in the past and present, and to predict future changes (including geohazards). This is accomplished by a combination of field observations, field experiments and numerical modeling.

Hydrology is the study of the distribution and movement of water above, on and in the ground, including flow in streams and rivers. Knowledge in hydrology is of great importance for both the protection and exploitation of our freshwater resources.

The three Norwegian impact structures; Gardnos in Hallingdal, Ritland  in Rogaland and Mjølnir in the Barents Sea, has been analysed in detail by our department through many years now in numerous projects.

EarthFlows - Interface Dynamics in Geophysical Flows, photo of a galcier.

The dynamics of interface processes during flows on Earth, including the geosphere, the hydrosphere, the cryosphere, and the atmosphere, including the behavior of the complex interfaces separating ‘Fluid Earth’ from ‘Solid Earth’.

The goal for the EarthFlows research group is to provide fundamentally new understanding of the dynamics of fluid-solid interfaces for a number of important geophysical systems.

The role of: Atmosphere - BiosphereCryosphereHydrosphere interactions in a changing climate.

The research group LATICE will bring a focus on cold-regions exchange processes within Earth System Sciences as an interdisciplinary initiative of collaborative research and education.

Lightning over the city of Oslo. Photo: NRS, UiO

A common denominator for many of the research activities is quantitative computations of atmospheric processes with the aid of theoretical and numerical models.

The micropaleontology group studies variation in the distribution and community structure amongst microfossils from different environmental conditions and from different periods.

The group researches and teaches topics within petroleum geoscience.

The global energy requirement is increasing rapidly.  Future energy supplies will have to cover the material growth which is necessary to secure an internationally fair distribution and economic growth.

Stability and Variations of Arctic Land Ice (NCoE - SVALI) is a Nordic Centre of Excellence (NCoE), which aims to improve our understanding of stability, variations and dynamics of the cryosphere. The centre was appointed in June 2010 by Nordforsk under Top-level research. Department of Geosciences, participate with research projects and in the management of the centre, which is a collaboration between 18 research institutions from all the Nordic countries.