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Disputas: Bikas Chandra Bhattarai

Ph.d.-kandidat Bikas Chandra Bhattarai ved Institutt for geofag, Det matematisk-naturvitenskapelige fakultet, vil forsvare avhandlingen Hydrologic model forcing over the Himalaya for graden Philosophiae Doctor.

Bikas Chandra Bhattarai. Foto: Privat

Bikas Chandra Bhattarai. Foto: Privat

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Projected climate change impacts on the hydrology of High Mountain Asia


There are critical gaps in our knowledge of the hydrology in the Himalayas. The aim of this PhD study contribute to fill this gap.
The study has been focused on estimation, analysis, and evaluation of hydrologic model response over the Himalayan region. The findings from this research can be applied locally to achieve better hydrologic prediction in the Himalayan region.


Populærvitenskapelig artikkel om Bhattarais avhandling:

Hydrologic model forcing over the Himalaya

In the Himalayas –the mountain range in Asia, there is a high demand for hydro-meteorological datasets for the water resource management. Hydro-meteorological observations is minimal because of the adverse geographical conditions and this represent a problem. Remote sensing and climate models offer a global perspective on many atmospheric climatic variables. However, low spatial resolution and inability to measure some atmospheric properties, such as Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) over the brighter surface limits their ability to reflect the effects on hydrologic systems. 

This map show the study area for this PhD work (marked in green colour). Credit/MAP: Bikas Chandra Bhattarai 
This map figure and illustration over the Himalayas – the mountain range in Asia, display the study area for the PhD work (marked in green colour). Credit/MAP: Bikas Chandra Bhattarai 

During this PhD study, the candidate and team developed an empirical based model to estimate the AOD for the region. The model helps to understand aerosol and its impacts on the Himalayan hydrology. Similarly, we evaluated a regional climate model and reanalysed datasets for hydrological simulations. We fond the highest-fidelity of discharge simulation when using observation combined Watch Forcing Dataset ERA Interim (WFDEI) datasets.

Our results show the successful application of global forcing datasets over the Himalayas. Finally, we demonstrated that catchment discretization has a significant impact on hydrologic simulation results. Triangular Irregular Network (TIN) based catchment discretization gives the highest model performance. Hence the selection of models with an appropriate complexity and accurate forcing data are the most required to achieve reliable hydrologic simulation over the entire Himalayan region.

Foto og annen informasjon:

Pressefoto: Bikas Chandra Bhattarai, portrett; 500px. Foto: Privat,

Annet materiale: Figur og kart over studieområdet, med kreditering og tekst som spesifisert i artikkelen over, størrelse 1000px.

Publisert 11. juni 2020 09:35 - Sist endret 22. sep. 2020 15:57