Norwegian version of this page

ReleQuant

ReleQuant has developed digital, research-based learning resources in general relativity and quantum physics for upper secondary physics. Practicing physics teachers as well as physics teacher students have participated in the project through ReleQuant Competence.

ReleQuant combines:

- development of digital learning resources

- research on pupils' learning processes and motivation in physics

- research on how the collaboration develops competence in the involved practitioner groups: teacher students, teachers and researchers

Logo by pupils from Lillestrøm upper secondary school (2012-2013)

About the project


ReleQuant's objectives are:

1.    to develop digital learning resources in quantum physics and general relativity that

  • are in line with the competence aims of the Norwegian upper secondary physics curriculum
  • let pupils develop their understanding of physics collaboratively by „talking physics“ and „writing physics“
  • make use of IT resources such as animations and simulations where appropriate
  • motivate by showing the relevance of modern physics for pupils' interests and for their educational and career plans
  • encourage reflections on historical and philosophical perspectives on science - for example by presenting physicists and their various interpretations of physical phenomena
  • clarify the principles that classical physics is built upon to make clear that modern physics drastically changes these underlying principles

2.    to study how learning resources function in classroom settings and to get insight into pupils’ motivation, conceptual understanding and learning processes in modern physics

3.    to create and investigate a community of practice where physics teachers, science education researchers and teacher educators, and teacher students work together on research-based development of varied and engaging teaching in physics


Digital learning resources on viten.no (platform run by the Norwegian Centre for Science Education)

The programme "Kvantefysikk" (The English version "Quantum physics" can be found here) was released on October 20th, 2016, after four rounds of classroom trials.

The programme "Generell relativitetsteori" was released in January 2018, also after several rounds of classroom trials.The English version "General Relativity" can be found here)

Screenshots from the ReleQuant material

The background for the ReleQuant project is:

  • scarcity of both Norwegian and international research on pupils’ understanding and learning in modern physics
  • generally less teaching experience in modern physics than in classical physics among teachers
  • the competence aims in moderne physics in the Norwegian upper secondary physics curriculum are new and rather special for Norway
  • scarcity of research-based knowledge about suitbale teaching resources to meet these competence aims

 

The competence aims in the curriculum that the ReleQuant resources are developed for, are: 

  • ... give a qualitative description of the general theory of relativity
  • give an account of Einstein’s explanation of photoelectric effect, and give a qualitative account of how results from experiments with photoelectric effect, Compton scattering and the wave nature of particles represents a break with classical physics
  • give an account of Heisenberg’s uncertainty relations, describe the phenomena ”entangled photons” and give an account of their cognitive* consequences
  • elaborate on and discuss how various theories of physics can exist side by side, even though they are contradictory
  • give an example of a scientific conflict that has been resolved and how, and an example of a scientific conflict that remains unresolved and why
  • describe physical principles behind medical examinations such as X-rays,..

* "epistemological consequences" would, in ReleQuant's opinion, be a better translation


The methodological framework that ReleQuant relies on is called Educational Design Research. Important characteristics of this framework are:

  • the aim of building a bridge between research and practical classroom application
  • the development of materials practices that work in classroom settings, in parallel with establishing evidence-based knowledge  about pupils’ learning processes
  • repeated rounds of development and testing in close collaboration with practicing teachers


In ReleQuant, this is done by

  • testing the learning resources in classrooms at the University of Oslo’s partner schools
  • developing content and new approaches for each round of testing
  • studying the use of the learning resources and pupils’ motivation and learning progress with the help of observations, video- and audio-recording, collection of pupils’ oral and written responses, as well as interviews with pupils and teachers

The first round of testing that included the first modules on quantum physics started in spring 2014. In spring 2017, the module on general relativity is tested for the third time while the finished programme in quantum physics is used for the first time.


Management and funding

The physics education group at the Department of physics, University of Oslo (UiO) manages the ReleQuant project, which is conducted in collaboration with

The project started in spring 2013 and is in its finishing phase as of late 2019.

The project is supported financially by

  • the programme FINNUT at the Research Council of Norway (ReleQuant Competence) (1/8 2015 - 31/9 2019)
  • the Olav Thon foundation (enabling physics teacher students to be part of student-active research)
  • Seed grants from Kunnskap i Skolen, an interdisciplinary research unit at UiO, and ProTed, Center for Professional Teacher Education (2013-2015)

Publications

  • Kersting, Magdalena (2021). Using the language of gravity to teach about space, time, and matter in general relativity. In Kersting, Magdalena & Blair, David (Ed.), Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools: An Essential Guide for Teachers in Training and Practice. Routledge. ISSN 9781760877712.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2021). Designing learning resources and investigating student motivation and learning in general relativity and quantum physics in Norway. In Kersting, Magdalena & Blair, David (Ed.), Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools: An Essential Guide for Teachers in Training and Practice. Routledge. ISSN 9781760877712.
  • Frågåt, Thomas; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2021). Pre-service science teachers’ and in-service physics teachers’ views on the knowledge and skills of a good teacher. Nordic Studies in Science Education. ISSN 1504-4556. 17(3), p. 277–292. doi: 10.5617/nordina.7644.
  • Kersting, Magdalena; Schrocker, Gretchen & Papantoniou, Sandra (2021). ‘I loved exploring a new dimension of reality’ – a case study of middle-school girls encountering Einsteinian physics in the classroom. International Journal of Science Education. ISSN 0950-0693. doi: 10.1080/09500693.2021.1950943.
  • Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Viefers, Susanne Friederike (2021). Secondary and University Students’ Descriptions of Quantum Uncertainty and the Wave Nature of Quantum Particles. Science & Education. ISSN 0926-7220. doi: 10.1007/s11191-021-00297-w.
  • Kersting, Magdalena; Toellner, Richard; Blair, David & Burman, Ron (2020). Gravity and warped time – clarifying conceptual confusions in general relativity. Physics Education. ISSN 0031-9120. 55:55 015023, p. 1–13. doi: 10.1088/1361-6552/ab56d7.
  • Steier, Rolf & Kersting, Magdalena (2019). Metaimagining and embodied conceptions of spacetime. Cognition and Instruction. ISSN 0737-0008. 37(2), p. 145–168. doi: 10.1080/07370008.2019.1580711. Full text in Research Archive
  • Steier, Rolf; Kersting, Magdalena & Silseth, Kenneth (2019). Imagining with improvised representations in CSCL environments. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. ISSN 1556-1607. 14(1), p. 109–136. doi: 10.1007/s11412-019-09295-1. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2019). Free fall in curved spacetime—how to visualise gravity in general relativity. Physics Education. ISSN 0031-9120. 54(3), p. 1–9. doi: 10.1088/1361-6552/ab08f5. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2019). Navigating four dimensions – upper secondary students' understanding of movement in spacetime. Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS). ISSN 1742-6588. 1287(1). doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1287/1/012007. Full text in Research Archive
  • Huseby, Anders & Bungum, Berit (2019). Observation in quantum physics: challenges for upper secondary physics students in discussing electrons as waves. Physics Education. ISSN 0031-9120. 54(6). doi: 10.1088/1361-6552/ab3694. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kersting, Magdalena; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Angell, Carl (2018). General relativity in upper secondary school: Design and evaluation of an online learning environment using the model of educational reconstruction. Physical Review Physics Education Research. ISSN 2469-9896. 14(1). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.14.010130. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kersting, Magdalena & Steier, Rolf (2018). Understanding Curved Spacetime: The Role of the Rubber Sheet Analogy in Learning General Relativity. Science & Education. ISSN 0926-7220. 27(7-8), p. 593–623. doi: 10.1007/s11191-018-9997-4. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bungum, Berit & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2018). Light talking: Students’ reflections on the wave-particle duality for light in small-group discussions. In Jobér, Anna; Andrée, Maria & Ideland, Malin (Ed.), Future Educational Challenges from Science and Technology Perspectives. XVIII IOSTE Symposium Book of Proceeding. Malmö University. ISSN 978-91-7104-971-1. p. 48–54. doi: https%3A/doi.org/10.24834/978-91-7104-971-1.
  • Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Angell, Carl (2018). Actual versus implied physics students: How students from traditional physics classrooms related to an innovative approach to quantum physics. Science Education. ISSN 0036-8326. 102(4), p. 649–667. doi: 10.1002/sce.21339. Full text in Research Archive
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl; Vistnes, Arnt Inge & Bungum, Berit (2018). What Is Light? Students’ Reflections on the Wave-Particle Duality of Light and the Nature of Physics. Science & Education. ISSN 0926-7220. 27(1-2), p. 81–111. doi: 10.1007/s11191-018-9963-1. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bungum, Berit; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2018). Quantum Talk: How small-group discussions may enhance students’ understanding in quantum physics. Science Education. ISSN 0036-8326. 102(4), p. 856–877. doi: 10.1002/sce.21447. Full text in Research Archive
  • Myhrehagen, Henning Vinjusveen & Bungum, Berit (2016). ”From the cat’s point of view”: Upper secondary physics students’ reflections on Schrödinger’s thought experiment. Physics Education. ISSN 0031-9120. 51:055009(5). doi: 10.1088/0031-9120/51/5/055009. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bungum, Berit; Angell, Carl; Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2016). Physics students' understanding of fundamental principles in quantum physics. In Lavonen, Jari; Juuti, Kalle; Lampiselkä, Jarkko; Uitto, Anna & Kaisa, Hahl (Ed.), Science Education Research: Engaging learners for a sustainable future.. ESERA. ISSN 978-951-51-1541-6. p. 11–19. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bungum, Berit & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2016). Bruk av språk og diskusjoner for å fremme elevers forståelse i kvantefysikk gjennom digitale ressurser. Nordisk tidsskrift for pedagogikk og kritikk. ISSN 2387-5739. 2(1), p. 2–16. doi: 10.17585/ntpk.v2.127. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bungum, Berit; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl; Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm & Bøe, Maria Vetleseter (2015). ReleQuant - improving teaching and learning in quantum physics through educational design research. Nordic Studies in Science Education. ISSN 1504-4556. 11(2), p. 153–168. doi: 10.5617/nordina.2043. Full text in Research Archive
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2015). Prosjekt ReleKvant: Skreddersydde læringsressurser i fysikk, utviklet av forskere, lærere og lektorstudenter. In Rindal, Ulrikke Elisabeth; Lund, Andreas & Jakhelln, Rachel Elise (Ed.), Veier til fremragende lærerutdanning. Universitetsforlaget. ISSN 978 - 82-15 - 025. p. 45–56.

View all works in Cristin

  • Kersting, Magdalena & Blair, David (2021). Teaching Einsteinian Physics in Schools: An Essential Guide for Teachers in Training and Practice. Routledge. ISBN 9781760877712. 450 p.

View all works in Cristin

  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2019). Developing learning resources and investigating students' learning in general relativity and quantum physics.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Viefers, Susanne F & Bøe, Maria Vetleseter (2019). Project ReleQuant: a research-based learning resource in modern physics for upper secondary school.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Bøe, Maria Vetleseter (2019). ReleQuant physics education: Designing learning Resources and investigating student learning in general relativity and quantum physics.
  • Kamphorst, Floor & Kersting, Magdalena (2019). DESIGN BASED RESEARCH AND THE MODEL OF EDUCATIONAL RECONSTRUCTION – A COMBINED APPROACH TO DESIGN SUCCESSFUL SCIENCE INSTRUCTION.
  • Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Viefers, Susanne F; Bungum, Berit & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2019). Norwegian upper secondary students' ideas about the wave nature of matter.
  • Frågåt, Thomas; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Angell, Carl (2019). Enhancing Physics Teachers’ Professional Development Using a Design-Based Research Project.
  • Bøe, Maria Vetleseter (2019). High achieving students' science identity performances within STEM disciplinary cultures in Norway.
  • Huseby, Anders & Bungum, Berit (2019). "But the electron is not alive?" - Students' challenges with the concept of observation in quantum physics.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2019). Free Fall in Curved Spacetime.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2019). Bringing general relativity to secondary schools: Design and evaluation of a digital learning environment.
  • Huseby, Anders & Bungum, Berit (2019). Observasjon i kvantefysikk: Utfordringer for fysikkelever. (Observation in quantum physics: challenges for physics students.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2019). Curved Spacetime: Investigating Students' Conceptual Understanding in General Relativity.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2019). THE TRANSFORMATIONAL POWER OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH COLLABORATIONS .
  • Kersting, Magdalena & Bondell, Jackie (2019). MODERNISING SCIENCE TEACHING: BRINGING THE VIRTUAL UNIVERSE INTO THE CLASSROOM.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). General Relativity in Upper Secondary School: How Philosophy of Science Can Inform Physics Education of the 21st century.
  • Bøe, Maria Vetleseter (2018). Science identity development within teaching and learning cultures in University STEM programs.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). Generell relativitetsteori.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). The Role of Imagination in the Language Games of the Science Classroom.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). How history and philosophy of science can inform teaching and learning of general relativity in upper secondary school.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). How history and philosophy of science can inform teaching and learning of general relativity in upper secondary school.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). Navigating four dimensions – upper secondary students’ understanding of movement in spacetime.
  • Bungum, Berit & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2018). Light talking: Students' reflection on the wave-particle duality for light in small-group discussions.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). International perspectives on Einsteinian Physics at upper secondary school level.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). Navigating Four Dimensions. Lateral Magazine.
  • Kersting, Magdalena & Steier, Rolf (2018). Gravity, imagination and embodied conceptions of spacetime.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). General Relativity in Upper Secondary School.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). Modernising Physics Teaching.
  • Steier, Rolf & Kersting, Magdalena (2018). When a sandwich becomes the earth: imagination and creativity with improvised representations.
  • Angell, Carl (2018). Relekvant - Relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk i fysikk 2.
  • Angell, Carl & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2018). Relativt moderne fysikkundervisning - Kvantefysikk og generell relativitetsteori.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2018). General Relativity – Why high school students should learn about Einstein’s most revolutionary idea. Titan.uio.no.
  • Kersting, Magdalena & Myhrehagen, Henning Vinjusveen (2017). A Relatively Modern Physics Lesson.
  • Kersting, Magdalena; Zadnik, Marjan; Stannard, Warren; Moschilla, John & Blair, David (2017). An International Research Collaboration in the Teaching and Learning of Einsteinian Physics.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2017). Teaching General Relativity in Upper Secondary Schools: an Educational Reconstruction.
  • Kersting, Magdalena & Steier, Rolf (2017). GRAVITY, IMAGINATION AND EMBODIED CONCEPTIONS OF SPACETIME.
  • Kersting, Magdalena; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Angell, Carl (2017). Educational Reconstruction of General Relativity Through a Collaborative Online Learning Environment.
  • Bungum, Berit; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2017). Quantum talk: How student discussions may support learning in quantum physics.
  • Frågåt, Thomas; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2017). In-service physics teachers’ and pre-service science teachers’ view on professional competence.
  • Frågåt, Thomas (2017). Science student teachers’ and physics teachers’ views on professional knowledge.
  • Frågåt, Thomas (2017). General Relativity for High School Students - A teachers’ professional development workshop introducing new materials and on-line tools for teaching Einstein’s general theory of relativity to high school students.
  • Bøe, Maria Vetleseter (2017). Motivation and interest development in traditional physics classrooms in Norway.
  • Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm & Angell, Carl (2017). ReleKvant: Aktiv og variert læring i relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk.
  • Frågåt, Thomas (2017). General Relativity for High School Students - A teachers’ professional development workshop introducing new materials and on-line tools for teaching Einstein’s general theory of relativity to high school students.
  • Frågåt, Thomas (2017). Teaching of Einsteinian physics – Experiences from a Norwegian development and research project.
  • Bungum, Berit; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2017). Kvantesnakk: Korleis kan diskusjonar i smågrupper støtte elevar si læring? Naturfag. ISSN 1504-4564. 2017(2), p. 50–53.
  • Frågåt, Thomas; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2017). Who is the good physics teacher? – Views from a Norwegian perspective.
  • Bungum, Berit & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2017). Combining research with development in schools within a Design-Based Research framework.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Bungum, Berit; Angell, Carl; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Frågåt, Thomas & Sørborg, Øystein (2016). ReleKvant: Læringsressurser i moderne fysikk på viten.no Lansering av Viten-programmet "Kvantefysikk".
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2016). Fra forskning til fysikkundervisning med ReleKvant: Nettbaserte læringsressurser i relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk, utviklet av forskere, lærere og lærerstudenter.
  • Frågåt, Thomas; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2016). Pre-service science teachers’ views on professional knowledge.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl; Bungum, Berit & Bøe, Maria Vetleseter (2016). Från forskning till fysikundervisning med ReleKvant: Nätbaserade lärresurser i relativitetsteori och kvantfysik, utvecklade av forskare, lärare och lärarstudenter. Naturvetenskapens och teknikens didaktik. 1(1), p. 53–64.
  • Bungum, Berit; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Frågåt, Thomas & Kersting, Magdalena (2016). ReleKvant - læring og undervisning i kvantefysikk og relativitetsteori.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Blair, David (2016). Einsteinian Physics; no longer optional.
  • Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2016). Modern physics on the curriculum: Challenges to Teachers and students.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2016). Pupils’ learning and understanding in quantum physics: the nature of light and the concept of quantization.
  • Blair, David; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Hendry, Martin (2016). Why don’t we teach Einstein’s theories in school? The Conversation. ISSN 2201-5639.
  • Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2016). For hver etasje du går oppover I en trapp, eldes du raskere. [Internet]. Titan (MN-fak. UiO - nettavis).
  • Steier, Rolf (2016). Designing learning spaces: moving between schools and museums.
  • Steier, Rolf (2016). Imagining Space and Time: distributed imagination in upper secondary physics classrooms.
  • Steier, Rolf (2016). Conceptual Understanding and Embodied Learning in General Relativity.
  • Kersting, Magdalena; Frågåt, Thomas; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2016). Introduction to ReleQuant: Developing online learning resources in modern physics.
  • Frågåt, Thomas (2016). Designing and implementing a web-based teacher guide in modern physics.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2016). Curved space and warped time: Students’ understanding of gravity.
  • Kersting, Magdalena (2016). General Relativity: Making Einstein’s Theory Teachable.
  • Frågåt, Thomas (2016). Investigating physics teachers’ professional development when collaborating in a research project.
  • Angell, Carl; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm; Vistnes, Arnt Inge & Bungum, Berit [Show all 8 contributors for this article] (2016). Kvantefysikk.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl; Bungum, Berit; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm & Frågåt, Thomas [Show all 7 contributors for this article] (2016). ReleKvant - undervisningsopplegg om relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk.
  • Angell, Carl; Bungum, Berit; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2016). Relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk i vgs: Forskning og utvikling av et skoleprosjekt. Fra Fysikkens Verden. ISSN 0015-9247. p. 21–25.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Villanger-Larsen, Elisabeth (2015). ReleKvant fysikkundervisning: Skreddersydde læringsressurser i fysikk, utviklet av forskere, lærere og lektorstudenter.
  • Bungum, Berit; Angell, Carl; Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2015). Physics students’ understanding of fundamental principles in quantum physics.
  • Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Angell, Carl; Bungum, Berit & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2015). Entanglement: Quantum physics, history, philosophy and NoS in traditional Norwegian classrooms.
  • Bungum, Berit & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2015). Bruk av språk og diskusjoner for å fremme elevers forståelse i moderne fysikk.
  • Angell, Carl; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter & Henriksen, Ellen Karoline (2015). Kva er lys, eigentleg? Kva seier naturvitskapen, og kva tenkjer elevane? Naturfag. ISSN 1504-4564. p. 10–13.
  • Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline & Angell, Carl (2014). ReleKvant – moderne fysikk i klasserommet.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl; Bungum, Berit & Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm (2014). ReleQuant - Improving teaching and learning in quantum physics through educational design research.
  • Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Angell, Carl; Bungum, Berit; Bøe, Maria Vetleseter; Tellefsen, Cathrine Wahlstrøm & Frågåt, Thomas (2014). ReleKvant – undervisningsopplegg om relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk.
  • Bungum, Berit (2014). ReleKvant: Ressurser for undervisning i relativitetsteori og kvantefysikk.

View all works in Cristin

Tags: Physics education, general relativity, quantum physics, physics teacher education
Published Jan. 4, 2016 11:26 AM - Last modified May 12, 2020 12:33 PM